March 31, 2019




The notes below are a continuation of last week’s lesson, that

being:  2019 March 24 – Restores – Mark ch. 5 vs. 21-24, 35-43 –

# 1ethis website – CY – 2019  -  I only got to the first paragraph






                                                The Opening of Hell

                                                    Revelation 9


The judgment of the fifth angel is more fearsome than all before it and will involve

giving demons their freedom from the abyss to torture the men who are still on the

earth.  It is doubtful whetherwe ought to seek any particular interpretation of the smoke;

it is probably only accessory to the general picture. If we may press the meaning so

far, it is perhaps best to regard the smoke as the evil influence of the devil, which

darkens men’s understandings, and from which issue the troubles which are

the result of HERESY and INFIDELITY, portrayed by the locusts (compare

II Corinthians 4:4, “In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of

the unbelieving, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image

of God, should shine unto them.”).


Jesus gave Satan the keys so that he could be released to carry out this punishment.

Just as Satan had to have permission of God to afflict Job, Satan brings all of these

terrible things on the earth and his people by permission of God.  The physical smoke

that comes up surely will obscure the sun and diminish the light. In the spiritual, it

will diminish the Light, as well. The abyss is the home of Satan and the demons.

When Satan opens the abyss, here come the demons in force to deceive and destroy.

They have such a vicious nature that God had to bind them to keep the human race

from being annihilated before the appointed time, but now the restrains are off. 

"And out of the smoke came forth locusts upon the earth; and power was given

them, as the scorpions of the earth have power. And they were told that they should

not hurt the grass of the earth, nor any green thing, nor any tree, but only the men

who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads.  "They had as king over them

the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, but in Greek

 he has the name Apollyon" (v.11) Both names mean "Destroyer". This seems to

be one of the plagues that God sends on the followers of Antichrist to hinder them

from proselytizing among the uncommitted of the world. It may also give

Tribulation saints some time to prepare themselves for the horrors of the soon to

come Great Tribulation.  If any religious activity is still going on at this time,

there will be a flood of false doctrine and defaming of the Lord Jesus Christ.

It would be a kind of religion of the flesh, (anything goes religion). It sounds

very much like what is going on today in most churches.                                                                                                                                                                                          (


Great billows of subterranean smoke pour forth on the earth, spreading around until

it darkens the air worldwide, even dimming the sun’s light.  This indicates that there

must be somewhere on earth an opening leading to a great shaft, leading down from

the earth’s surface,through the crust, the mantle and the core, all the way to Hades

and the pit itself.  Man has never discovered this shaft because it is blocked at its exit,

but this does not mean that it doesn’t exist.  It has been “ordained of old” by God and

its walls are impregnable, from within or without, designed by the Creator to withstand

all rupturing pressures, natural or supernatural.  But when the key is finally turned, great

billows of smoke, presumably from the earth’s internal heat and pressure, flow toward

the surface and finally out to surround the earth itself.

                                                             (The Revelation Record – Henry Morris)



  • IT IS BURNING. “A great furnace.” Sin, or moral evil, is fire; like all

            fire it exists in two states, latent and active. Where it becomes active it is

            consuming and transmuting; it consumes the good and transmutes its

            embers into evil, and in all it inflicts agony on the soul:


Ø      the agony of moral regrets for the past, and

Ø      terrible forebodings for the future.



(vs.3-5) God's instructions are in essence, "You may torment those who have the

Antichrist's mark, but you may not kill them." Also, "you may not touch those

who belong to Me." Satan's power is under strict control over those sealed by

God - both now and in the Tribulation. Though this will be a period of great

anguish, it is really the grace of GOD at work. I'm sure that the LORD is seeking

to make mankind think because of this terrible torment and to decide to come to Him. 




A five-month limitation was placed on these demons’ freedom.  Presumably,

when the five months had expired, they would be swept back down to their

deep prison to be locked up again until the Last Great Judgment.  Five months

(150 days) was significant as it was the duration of the rising Flood waters in

the days of Noah (Genesis 8:3).  Men had once suffered and all died during this

former five-month judgment.  Now, as in the days of Noah, men would again suffer

five months, but none would die this time.  In both cases, the agents of their suffering

were these rebellious sons of God.  Formerly, had not they appeared as “angels of light”

(II Corinthians 11:14)?  But this time they appeared in a manifestation more appropriate

to their character, as agents of cruelty, locusts of darkness, scorpions of torment,

striking men with their stings instead of deceiving men with their lies.

                                                                        (The Revelation Record – Henry Morris)




                              The Extremity of Anguish (v. 6)


“And death shall flee from them.” It is miserable to seek relief in the most

deeply felt evil, but to seek it in such an evil in vain adds wondrously to the

misery of the case. Fatigue, disappointment, the consciousness of lost energy,

add to the anguish. Earth runs from death, hell runs after it and runs in vain.

In conclusion, I infer:


  • That the fact that men are exposed to such a state of being implies that

            some sad catastrophe has befallen our nature. Could Infinite Goodness

            have created beings designed and fitted by their nature for such a state?

            Nay; deep within us God has planted the love of life, and to seek

            death is to go against our nature. Sin explains it.


  • That there is something in the universe to be dreaded by man more than

            death, and THIS IS SIN!   Death, though an evil, is not to be compared to sin.

            Sin, though robed in beauty and adorned with a thousand attractions, is the

            evil of evils.


  • That Christianity should be hailed as the only means to deliver us from

            this extremity of anguish. It destroys sin, it “condemns sin in the flesh.”

            (“God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto Himself, not imputing

            their trespasses unto them” (II Corinthians 5:19)



Death would be a welcome relief to all this suffering. These forces of evil turned loose

(unrestrained) upon the earth, whether physical or spiritual, will be so terrible that men 

will beg to die but will be unable to during this punishment.  This was the first of the

three Woes!




As these demons are compared to scorpions, it is clear that their mission is to hurt men.

The very nature of this full scale demonic torment that drives men to seek death and not

find it, or to pursue death and not catch it, is not described.  Their are references in the

Bible where demons possessed people such as found in Matthew 8:6,28, 4:23-24, and

Mark 9:20-27.  These demons are given the power to torment unbelievers for five

full months with no relief for the tormented. This stresses God's sovereign power

over the timing of their assault. Eventually God will return them to the abyss

with their evil master, then send them to thelake of fire. (ch. 20) 



The plague was to last for five months only.  These grotesque beings were to

vanish as suddenly as they had come, giving mankind another brief respite in hope

that some would repent.  As in the ancient plagues of Egypt, this would merely result in

most people “hardening their necks” more stiffly than ever when the demons were

departed, forced back into their infernal pit.  Nothing availed to deal with the

locust-like beings until their time was  up.  Then as suddenly as they had appeared, their

attacks ceased, and their carcasses littered the ground.  “His stink shall come up, and

his ill savor thall come up, because he hath done great things.”  (Joel 2:20)

                                                             (The Revelation Record – Henry Morris)




         These Fallen Angels (demons) are Ministering Pain and Suffering.

Their mission is to destroy. Their leader, Lucifer, is the epitome of evil. He has been

their king since they were cast out of heaven by God. Their abode, when they are not

on a mission of destruction, is in the abyss. This is where they were loosed from in v.2.

They are continuously causing war, both spiritual and literal. Their mission is to

destroy any way they can.This "king" is the star we saw in v.1, which was thrown

out of heaven and has hell for an abode. Just as he led these angels out of heaven,

he leads them in this mission of destruction. Satan, even though fallen, must do

every thing the Lord commands him.  Remember all of this happens because God's

wrath is kindled. God alone can stop Satan. This time God does not want to stop him.  

God allows, and even orders, this to happen. Satan, Apollyon, Abaddon, Lucifer, the

devil, or whatever you care to call him, is still obedient to God. He, as we, or any

other being, or angel, are created and subject to the desires of the Creator. God alone

could stop this destruction. " Apollyon" and "Abaddon" mean destruction.  Jesus had

and has many names. Satan is a counterfeiter, so he has many names, as well. People

throughout history have tried to put names of modern conquerors to these, but I do not

believe that is intended here.




The bodies of the invading army of demon locusts perish but their spirits are

destined for residence in the “everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels.”

(Matthew 25:41)  So they must be, for a time, herded back into the abyss.  This host

of fallen angels is under the command of one mighty angel named Abaddon or

Apollyon (both Hebrew names meaning “the destroyer.”   Abaddon is also

incarcerated with them, since the days of Noah. 

                                                (The Revelation Record – Henry Morris)



Whose name “in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek Apollyon, i.e.

Destroyer.” Thus is set forth the evil, repulsive, and deadly power of those

forces which are called into play by unfaithfulness and degeneracy. One

falls, but he lets loose many forces of evil, which he, once having called

into activity, cannot arrest. It is a bitter woe to the earth, such as it has

suffered many, many times in the great history. The lesson is for all times;

for in many times the sad scene has been enacted. This section of the

revelation declares to us:



            ERROR AND EVIL BECOME PREVALENT. Every false doctrine is a

            cloud of darkness upon the path of the human life.



            POWERS PREVAIL. Finally, darkness shall be held back as in chains. But

            here it is let loose, and in the loss of the heavenly power the earthly, rather

            the hellish, gains ascendancy.




            OF SIN ARE PROVED. The ways of pleasantness and the paths of peace

            forsaken, there are only the hard ways of the transgressor to walk in.

            (Proverbs 13:15)



            TRIUMPH OF THE DESTROYER. The authority of the Prince of peace

            being rejected, another king, even Apollyon, usurps His throne. So:


Ø      men carelessly exchange good for evil, and

Ø      sell life for an empty world.





                                     Mark 6:7-13; 30-32

                                           March 31, 2019



3 "Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses,

and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us?  And they were

offended at Him."  Is not this the carpenter? Matthew (Matthew 13:55) says,

"the carpenter's son." We infer from this that our Lord actually worked at the trade

of a carpenter, and probably continued to do so until He entered upon His public

ministry.  We may also infer that Joseph was now no longer living, otherwise it

would have been natural for his name to have been mentioned here. According

to St. Chrysostom, our Lord made ploughs and yokes for oxen. Certainly, He

often drew His similitudes from these things. "No man putting his hand to the

plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God" (Luke 9:62). "Take my

yoke upon you, and learn of me "(Matthew 11:29). Christ was the son of a

carpenter. Yes; but He was also the Son of Him who made the world at His will.

Yea, He Himself made the world. "All things were made by Him, and without Him

 was not anything made that was made."  (John 1:3)" He is the Eternal Word!"

And He made them for us, that we might judge of the Maker by the greatness

of His work. (If interested check out Fantastic Trip on the internet - CY – 2019)

He chose to be the son of a carpenter. If He had chosen to be the son of an emperor,

then men might have ascribed His influence to the circumstances of His birth. But He

chose a humble and obscure condition, for this, among other reasons, that it

might be acknowledged that it was His divinity that transformed the world. Is not

this the carpenter, the son of Mary, and brother of James, and Joses, and Judas,

and Simon? Some have thought that these were literally brethren of our Lord, sons of

Joseph and Mary. Others have considered that they were His legal half-brothers, sons

of Joseph by a former marriage. This view is held by many of the Greek Fathers, and

has something to recommend it. But, on the whole, the most probable opinion is that

they were cousins of our Lord - sons of a sister of the Virgin Mary, also called Mary,

the wife of Cleophas, Clopas, or Alpheeus. There is evidence that there were four sons

of Clopas and Mary, whose names were James, and Joses, and Simon (or Symeon),

and Judas. Mary the wife of Clopas is mentioned by St. Matthew (Matthew 27:56)

as the mother of James the less and of Joses. Jude describes himself (Jude 1:1) as the

brother of James; and Simon, or Symeon, is mentioned in Eusebius as the son of Clopas.

It must be remembered also that the word ἀδελφός - adelphos - brother -  like the

Hebrew word which it expresses, means not only "a brother," but generally "a near

kinsman." In the same way the "sisters" would be cousins of our Lord. According to

a tradition recorded by Nicephorus (2:3), the names of these sisters or cousins were

Esther and Tamar. And they were offended in Him. They took it ill that one brought

up amongst them as a carpenter should set Himself up as a prophet and a teacher; just

as there are those in every age who are apt to take it amiss if they see any one spring

from a trade into the doctor's chair. But these Nazarenes knew not that JESUS

WAS THE SON OF GOD, who of His great love for man vouchsafed to take a low

estate, that He might redeem us, and teach us humility by His example. And thus this

humility and love of Christ, which ought to have excited their admiration and respect,

was a stumbling-block to them, because they could not receive it, or

believe that God was willing thus to humble Himself.


4"But Jesus, said unto them, A prophet is not without honor, but in

his own country, and among his own kin, and in his own house." 

A prophet is not without honor, save in his own country, etc. One reason for

this is that it is almost natural for persons to hold of less account than they ought,

those with whom they have been brought up and have lived on familiar terms.

Prophets are commonly least regarded, and often most envied, in their own country.

However unworthy may be the feeling, the inhabitants of a district, or members of a

community, do not like to see one of themselves put above them, more especially

a junior over a senior, or a man of humble origin over a man well born. But it should

be remembered that God abhors the envious, and will withhold the wonders of His

grace from those who grudge His gifts to others. The men of Nazareth, when they

saw Christ eating, and drinking, and sleeping, and working at His trade, like others,

despised Him when He claimed respect and reverence as a Prophet, and especially

because His relations according to the flesh were of humble condition; and Joseph

more particularly, whom they supposed to be His real father, for they could not

imagine or believe that He was born of a virgin, and had God alone for His Father.



And He could there do no mighty work. This is a remarkable expression. He could

do no mighty work there. The words imply want of power - that in some sense or other

He was unable to do it. He did indeed perform some miracles. He laid His hands upon

a few sick folk, and healed them; but He wrought none of His greater miracles there.

Of course, even these less striking miracles ought to have sufficed.  In a miracle there

must be the suspension of some known law of nature; and one clear instance of such

suspension ought to be as conclusive as a hundred. Then it must be remembered that

it is not God's method in His dealings with His creatures to force conviction upon

them when the ordinary means prove insufficient. For men's actions must be free if

they are to be made the test of judgment, and they would not be free if God constrained

men to obey His will. The men of Nazareth had sufficient evidence had they not chosen

to be blinded, and a greater amount of evidence would only have increased their

condemnation. So their unbelief thwarted His purposes of mercy, and He went in

and out amongst them like one hampered and disabled, marveling at their unbelief, or

rather marveling because of their unbelief (διὰ τὴν ἀπιστίαν αὐτῶν - dia taen apistian

auton - because of the unbelief of them). The condition of mind of these Nazarenes

was what caused amazement to the Saviour. At length He turned away from

Nazareth, never, so far as we know, to visit it again; for this was their second

opportunity, and the second occasion which they deliberately rejected Him.

What, however, they refused He immediately offered to others. He was not

discouraged. He went round about the villages teaching.




The coming of Christ to a soul, to a community, is a moral probation, involving

the most serious responsibility.  To REJECT JESUS CHRIST AND THE



7 And He called unto Him the twelve, and began to send them forth by

two and two; and gave them power over unclean spirits;"  In Mark 3:7 we had

the account of our Lord's selection of the twelve. Here we find the notice of their

being first sent forth. Their names have already been recorded. He gave them

authority - mark the imperfect (ἐδίδου - edidou - gave) - over unclean spirits.

Matthew (Matthew 10:1) adds, "and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner

of disease." But Mark here fixes the attention upon the great central object of

Christ's mission:


Ø      to contend against evil in every form, and especially

Ø      to grapple with Satan in his stronghold in the hearts of men.




"Excerpted text Copyright AGES Library, LLC. All rights reserved.

Materials are reproduced by permission."


This material can be found at:


If this exposition is helpful, please share with others.