v. 3 - "in the process of time" - it is difficult to know what
caused Cain & Abel to have different attitudes &
characteristics - psychology would probably
attribute it to heredity or environment.
"Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering" -
exhibiting a spirit of careless unconcern for the will of God
A bloodless sacrifice - of the fruit (not fruits) of the ground -
offering with a stingy hand as many of God's worshippers still
do? God deserves the first-fruits of our years, powers and labor.
v. 4 - Abel too brings an offering Abel's worship was offered in
the way prescribed - God does not leave men to invent
forms of religion - Christianity condemns will-worship.
Cain was a formalist - Abel, a worshipper of God in spirit &
truth. Neither Cain nor Abel was in no doubt of his position -
the mind of God had been explicitly revealed!
Cain had pious parents, a good home, an honorable calling,
a religious profession, and yet was lost. Abel had a short life
and a sad death but he was safe! Faith in Christ, the promised
Seed made the difference!
v. 5 - Divine displeasure with Cain and his offering
vs. 6-7 - the first use of the word sin - the entrance of sin into
the world through eating of forbidden fruit had quickly
resulted in much more bitter fruit - namely murder - the
Serpent was quickly striking at the seed of the woman,
corrupting her first son and slaying her second, thus
trying to prevent the promise in ch. 3:15
There is no great sin committed but it has been seen
at the door first. Doing not well precedes the direct
presumptuous sin. Cain was warned by God Himself
before his fallen countenance darkened his heart with
crime and his brother's blood - what a picture of the
gradual degradation of the conscience - disobedience
of God's command in some minor point - a sense of
estrangement from God - sullen brooding and pouting
against God and man - violent self assertion.
v. 8 - Cain murders Abel
v. 9 - Cain lies - "I know not" - he was wicked and
profane thinking he could hide his sin from God -
unjust in denying himself to be his brother's keeper -
obstinate and desperate in not confessing his sin.
v. 10 - "What hast thou done?" - "the voice of thy brother's
blood crieth unto me" -
vs. 11-12 - Cain cursed - the earth was to be against him -
their tillage of the ground was not to prosper which
perhaps drove the Cainites to city-building and
vs. 13-14 - Cain's language is not that of confession but of
desperation - Cain deplores not the enormity of his sin
but the severity of his punishment, under which he
reels and staggers as one amazed.
"from thy face shall I be hid" - to be hidden from the face of
God is not to be protected by His guardian care - Numbers 6:24-27
v. 16 - a very serious mistake - "And Cain went out from the
presence of the Lord"
vs. 17-26 - the decline of civilization before the Flood - I
studying this when I first came to
in reference to Christ's words about the end of time being
like in the days before the Great Deluge!
v. 19 - Lamech was the first polygamist of whom mention is
made, the first by whom "the ethical aspect of marriage,
as ordained by God, was turned into the lust of the eye
and lust of the flesh.
The names of his wives suggest sensual attractions - Adah -
the Adorned - Zillah - shadow - but a second wife is hardly
a wife; she is only the shadow of a wife.
The idea of shutting God out is behind the devising
of the harp and organ. Metal tools and implements of all
kinds were available to produce creature comforts as well
as musical instruments to stimulate the emotional and
aesthetic senses - although these can be used for good purposes -
they can easily can be used as a means of rebellion against
God - witness MTV and other examples - the latter seems to
have been their effect and perhaps their purpose, among the
descendants of Cain.
"Naamah" the lovely - the sister of Tubal-cain.
Note the growing sexual laxity among the Cainites by general
lust and promiscuity implied in ch. 6:1-4 and Matthew 24:38.
vs. 23-24 - Lamech's song and poetry is characteristic of
much human poetry and writing in his assertion of
man's self -sufficiency and independence of God?
Jude 11 warns of the way of Cain. With the creature comforts and advantages
accruing from the rapidly developing science and technology of the day, it was not
long before "the wickedness of man was great in the earth " - ch. 6:5 - Each man
and each clan did whatever they wanted to do, to the extent that their strength and
skills permitted. There was nothing to restrain them except the superior strength
and skill of others - a demonstration of long ago that men cannot be left to their own
devices - laws and government s are absolutely necessary.
vs. 25-26 - the births of Seth and his son Enos (mortal, decaying
"then began men to call upon the name of the Lord" - denotes
the appropriate acts and exercises of the stated worship of God!
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THIS IS OPPOSITE OF SECULAR SEPARATION OF CHURCH & STATE