Haggai 1 & 2
July 8, 2007
Neglect - distress and barrenness of the land!
Indifference - lukewarmness - apathy -
Rev. 3:14-22 - Church of Laodicea
v. 1 - normally - the prophets dated their tenure
during native kings but now they put the
name or names of foreign or heathen leaders.
v. 2 - "this people say" - not called the Lord's people
"this people" - needed rousing from their laziness & neglect-
rebuke for their unbelief - comfort in their sadness -
help in their weakness.
They preferred the material and temporal to the spiritual
God is the author of the spirit in man - religion and
They were well housed, well fed and well clothed!
So the work for God's glory was put on the back burner!
THERE WAS NO EXCUSE FOR THEIR LIBERAL CONDUCT!
This led to spiritual blindness, to cowardice and the
deplorable mistake of worldliness!
They lost their spiritual insight, their moral courage,
and their heavenly mindedness.
Haggai - thought to be around 80 yrs old - had seen the first
temple - nearing eternity he understood the vanity
of earthly greatness and the need for inward
spirituality towards God!
The Seventy Years of Captivity had rolled by -
II Chron. 36:14-16,21
v. 4 - the Lord's answer - you have time and means to
expend on your own private interests but you look upon
my work with indifference.
Lake Barkley - big pick up truck - big boat - man
wiping it with great diligence -
DISCLAIMER - (these people could be devout Christians)
Entirely absorbed in worldly interests - eager to adorn
own private dwellings
vs. 5-7 - their labor for years had lacked God's blessing!
ch. 2:16-17 - compare Deut. 28:15-48
"Consider your ways" v. 7-
"I communed with mine own heart: and my spirit made
diligent search" - Ps. 77:6
"I thought on my ways" - Ps. 119:59
We need to stop and ponder where our steps are taking us.
Look before us and behind us! Where it is leading us -
where it will terminate!
"Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own
heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah" - Ps. 4:4
"Examine yourselves, whether ye be in the faith" -
II Cor. 13:5a
The soul can become very sensitive to right and wrong -
as an aneroid barometer to atmospheric pressure or
it can become hard and fossilized as petrified wood!
v. 9 - they blamed it on nature and did not see the judicial
nature of the infliction.
GOD IS BEHIND NATURE AND SOCIETY!
Were modern nations to reflect more deeply, they might
discover the relationship between character and conditions,
their sins and their sufferings!
This is something America, in her apostasy, does not
understand - that the best defense against hard times
is religion in the individual heart and nation!
Repentance and prayer is our best resort!
vs. 10-11 - Deut. 28:23
v. 12 - "the people obeyed the voice of the Lord their
God.....and the people did fear before the Lord"
v. 13 - "I am with you saith the Lord" - God's presence,
protection and blessing as he promised Jacob -
Gen. 28:15 Joshua 23:14
v. 14 - "they came and did work in the house of the Lord
of hosts, their God"
Each individual doing what he or she can - Eph. 4:16
Some may cower because of their physical constitution
but God says "my strength is made perfect in weakness".
Some may underestimate their ability but "I can do all
things through Christ who strengtheneth me".
Some may not know their own gifts but we are encouraged
to "whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it with thy might"
But with most of us it is from a depressed condition
of our spiritual relationship with God in our souls
but our prayer should be "quicken us, and we will
call upon thy name"! "Revive thy work in the
midst of the years"
Perseverance is a characteristic of a sincere Christian!
Jesus went about doing good in His service of glorifying
God and blessing man! - "I must work the works of Him
that sent me while it is day, the night cometh when no
man can work" - John 9:4
v. 4 - In Zeph. 3:2-4 we saw a breakdown - here political
leadership, religious leadership and the general
populace are encouraged - "be strong....and work:
for I am with you, saith the Lord of hosts"
v. 5 - God holds to His covenant
Zeph. 2:3 - Even in the most degenerate of times God
has a people to show forth His praise!
They remain true to Him, no matter how degenerate
the age may be in which their lot is cast!
God gives them strength and boldness!
They understand the design of God of the superiority
of things spiritual to things earthly and secular - they
are not ashamed to espouse the cause of truth and
righteousness on earth.
They do not become alarmed at every menace uttered
against them by the people of the land nor do they
throw down their tools when encountering the
They serve the will of God in their day and generation
like David - Acts 13:26 thus: the value of great men to
their own age and to the world!
vs. 6-7, 21-22a
v. 7 - "the desire/Desire of all nations" - the Messiah for
whom all nations consciously or unconsciously
yearn - containing in His Person the nature of
God and man and combining the three offices -
Prophet, Priest and King!
v. 8 - The habitual attitude of men towards their silver
and their gold is that of the rich farmer in the
Gospel of Luke 12:17-18, 20 - "my fruits...my barns
.....my goods" God said unto him, "thou fool, this
night shall thy soul be required of thee: then whose
shall those things be, which thou has provided.
v. 9 - "the latter glory of this house" - to be not of gold and
silver but a spiritual house - constructed of lively stones,
or believing souls - I Peter 2:5 - "an holy temple"
erected in quickened and renewed hearts - "for an
habitation of God through the Spirit" - Eph. 2:21
v. 12 - unholiness - idea connected with death coming as
the result of sin.
v. 13 - uncleanness - their pollution was their disobedience!
v. 14 - the people unholy and unclean
vs. 15-17 - "consider....yet ye returned not unto me, saith the
Lord" - spiritual neglect had led to scanty harvests.
It was God who inflicted these calamities upon them
judicially - (Deut. 28:22) - Amos 4:9 - same thing 250 yrs.
The people never seemed to make the connection - the
blindness of the human heart
v. 18 - "Consider now from this day and upward"
v. 19 - Happy prospect - Has the seed begun to grow?
Is there any sign of abundance? Yet the harvest
shall be prolific!
Though there was no sign of leaf or fruit on the trees, nothing
by which to judge the future produce, yet the prophet predicts
an abundant crop, dating from the people's obedience.
Compare Lev. 26:1-6 and Deut. 28:1-6
vs. 20-23 - Promise of the restoration and establishment of
the House of David - temporal blessings had been
promised - now spiritual blessings are announced.
v. 22 - The heathen powers shall annihilate one another.
Ezek. 38:21,23 Zech. 14:12-13
v. 23 - "in that day" - Israel shall be safe and exalted by
the Divine favor and protection.
Desire of all nations - Luke 1:32-33
We read in Matthew 1 that Zerubbabel was an earthly
ancestor of the Messiah - Jesus Christ.