v. 1 - “holy brethren” - those addressed are among
the sanctified of ch. 2:11-13,17
“partakers of the heavenly calling” - their calling is a
“consider…..Christ Jesus” - fix earnestly your mental
gaze - earnestly, intensely, habitually - love Him and
He is greater than the prophets, greater than the
angels, greater than Moses!
He is the Son of God and is now the Divine
Ambassador of men.
He is the Great High Priest - He expiates (atones),
propitiates (appeases), reconciles and intercedes !
“our profession” - confession - the Christian’s avowal
of his faith.
Believing in Jesus, joining His church, spreading His truth,
defending His honor, and especially reflecting Christ's
likeness in our lives!!
vs. 2-3 - "Christ......was faithful.....also Moses was
faithful" - What about us, you, me????
How will that play out in the end?
Christ is worthy of more honor than Moses -
in previous chapters of more honor than angels -
The words used are the same as in the account of
superiority over angels - the “glory and honor” are
the result of His obedience - ch. 2:9
This is different than the “glory which He had with
the Father before the world was” - John 17:5
Contrast this with Moses’ transitory “glory” on the
countenance of Moses in II Cor. 3:13-16
See Exodus 34:30-35
The whole Hebrew nation guarded the name & fame
of Moses with intense jealousy - but a greater than
Moses is here - the Arab world remembers Mohammed
with intense jealousy - but behold - a greater than
Mohammed is here - don't let anything like race
or racial problems distract you from the "Son of God"
Christ is also denoted to be the Builder of the House
of which Moses was a servant! Christ the Builder -
Moses only a stone in the building -
I Peter 2:5 - "ye also, as lively stones, are
built up a spiritual house"
I came across the idea of Christ
“passing through humanity to glory”
The glory won by Him “on account of
His suffering of death for the sins of
the world” rather than His
PRISTINE GLORY as the Divine Builder!
v. 4 - “He that built all things is God”
Every house has some builder - (a new one
is going up on my road) but God is the
Original Founder of all things!!!
The Law, the Gospel, the Final Consumation -
the whole dispensation of redemption -
Clarence Larkin’s “Dispensational Truth”
vs. 5-6 - Moses - “a servant in”
Christ - “the Son over”
Moses gave testimony - I think of ch. 8:5***
But God spake to man “in His Son”!!!
Moses was inferior to Christ, not only in respect
to his personal position as a servant but also in
respect to his work which was “to testify before-
hand, prophetically, a fuller revelation to come!
We as Christians constitute the completed “house
of God” over which Christ reigns as Son (compare
ch. 11:39-40**)and the writer warns us of the
example of the Israelites, under Moses, who forfeited
their higher calling.
“hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the
hope firm unto the end” (boldness & confidence of
vs. 7-11 - A History Lesson - borrowed words from
the 95th Psalm - The children of Israel were
highly privileged - they had seen the Ten
Plagues, they had marched over the Red Sea
on dry land, they had been emancipated from
slavery - "they saw God's works for forty years"
they were fed from heaven with manna, they
received water miraculously from the Rock,
their clothes did not grow old on them, nor the
shoes on their feet - the were led in the daytime
by a shady pillar of cloud and at night by a
pillar of fire and light yet they were
MISERABLE & HABITUAL FAILURES
They despised these miracles and demanded other
signs on condition of believing - they doubted and
grumbled - they longed to go back to Egypt - they
refused God's command to go up and take Canaan -
they fell into idolatries like the heathen around them -
Zin, Rephidim, Taberah, Kadesh-barnea and
Shittim are names which remind us how the
ransomed Jews did "always err in their heart"
Since our continuing in God’s house is on
the condition of our steadfastness, beware of
failing, as the Israelites referred failed -
(see Psalm 95)
“Harden not your hearts” - expresses the obduration
(stubbornness is persistent wrong doing) which
comes from resistance of grace (Selah)
Two spheres working here - man - hardening due to his
own perversity - and God - judicially allowing the
hardening (as in Pharaoh’s case)
“tempted me, proved me and saw my works
Is the writer thinking of a parallel from the
manifestation of Christ to the destruction of
Jerusalem - the Israelites of his day were
trying God by their rejection of the gospel or
in the case of some believers by their wavering
allegiance to it????
Transpose “the consummation of the Age”
"I sware in my wrath" - reflect the intensity and
the depth of the Divine displeasure
"whose carcasses fell in the wilderness" - v. 17
suggests the deep misery of the retribution which
came upon that entire generation.
Let us beware of a ruin more fearful of those who
despise the gospel and the blood of the covenant -
ch. 10:29 - (READ)
"Take heed brethren" is the key note of this
v. 7 - "hear His voice" - speaks to us now and exhorts
every man, woman or child - He speaks
through His Son - ch. 10:28
There is no question as to whether God will speak to
man or not, but whether man will listen - it implies that
God speaks to man on a daily basis - by prohibition,
by persuasion, by caution or encouragement, or by
Our duty is to hear God's voice - the season to hear is
"TODAY" - heed God's voice NOW
"harden not your hearts" - men do so by:
a. disregarding the voice of God
b. not listening to conscience
c. postponing religious duties
d. neglecting the great salvation
e. despising or resisting the Holy Spirit
Eph. 4:18-19 - "alienation" and "past feeling"
“So I sware in my wrath” - see Numbers 14:21
“as truly as I live” and again in v. 28 - in
reference to the spies returning and there being
a universal spirit of “unbelief”
“if they shall enter my rest” - a strong oath
ALSO CONNECT THIS SECTION WITH
v. 12 - “Take heed, brethren” - the warning of
the 95th Psalm - the drift being - You have
being called under the Son to a far higher
position than the fathers under Moses -
your position as theirs was - conditional on
your faithfulness - see that you do not forfeit
it as they did.
The “Today” is the present day of grace and points
to a truer rest than that of Canaan offered to the
Watch that you present wavering may not end
up in APOSTASY (the outcome of such an
“evil heart of unbelief!”)
It is impossible to be stationary in our relation to Him!
Either we are drawing near or are departing from the
Unbelief is distrust of God, a want of faith in His
promises and providence - especially in refusal
to commit to and confide in the Lord Jesus Christ -
God's Only Son - unbelief may presume upon God's
mercy or neglect it or even despair of it!
Nothing is more absurd than unbelief in God!!!
“from the LIVING GOD” - BEWARE - Deut. 6:10-25
Acts of refusal to listen to God's voice petrify
into habits - habits form character (engraved)
A human heart hardened by unbelief and
confirmed into moral insensibility (this age)
will lapse into atheism, immorality or
settled worldliness (or all three - a bad
combination) and UNLESS DIVINE GRACE
INTERPOSES, THE INDIVIDUAL WILL
FOREVER "fall away from the Living God"
"Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth
take heed lest he fall"
Those who are fallen today were standing
yesterday - some standing today will be
v. 13 - "Exhort one another" - church members
are to promote one another's welfare -
The church must keep itself from
APOSTASY (a falling away from the
Living God) by the mutual admonition
of its members!
“lest any one of you be hardened through the
deceitfulness of sin”
Sin is a deceiver, it distorts the spiritual vision,
(a la Rosie O’Donnell) and causes one to take
a false view of things.
Our continued dallying with sin (to act playfully
and to deal lightly) may have as its result,
final obduracy (stubbornness in wrongdoing)
To put it in a modern perspective:
(a) an imperfect appreciation or even a
depreciation of the gospel revelation (where
are the lost people today - used to be the lost
would come to church?)
(b) neglecting attendance at Christian worship
and remissness in mutual admonition
(c) failure of moral purity in personal lives
(d) reliance on the world and avoiding Christian
persecution (siding with the enemy - “he that
is not with me is against me”
The only way of avoiding the deceitfulness of sin
is to be so intent on our Savior's business as to have
no time, no inclination, to attend to what sin has
v. 14 - “partakers (partners or companions) of Christ”
- His glory!
See II Peter 1:4***
v. 15 - Back to square one - “Today”!!!!!!