v. 18 - "by two immutable things" - the promise
and an oath
"it is impossible for God to lie"
"refuge of hope"
"an anchor of the soul"
"both sure and steadfast"
Life is likened unto a storm - believers possess
complete security in the midst of the storm
Christian hope is an anchor - of the three great
graces - faith, hope and love - hope often receives
the least prominence in our thoughts
Hope calms and cheers in the midst of trouble!
It connects with the cable of faith in the promise
and oath of God!
It is a living "lively hope" - I Pet 1:3
The anchor does not quell the storm but it
holds fast the vessel - in Christ
Many a soul has reached the desired haven
out of life's storms but some have "made
shipwreck concerning the faith" - I Tim. 1:19
"God is our refuge and strength, a very present
help in trouble" - Ps. 46:1-3,7
"Christ in you the hope of glory" - Col. 1:27
"Your life is hid with Christ in God" - Col. 3:3
The whole Jewish economy only prefigured
and prepared for one availing priesthood - the
True High Priest of mankind - Jesus Christ the
Son of God - God assigned royalty to His Son -
He is King as well as Priest - a new order, not
of Aaron but of Melchizedek - and that "for
All that the Bible says about him is in three
verses - Genesis 14:18-20
v. 1 - In Genesis - in the midst of history in which
a point is made of parentage and descent
of the patriarchs of Israel - at a time of
peculiar glory of the first and greatest of
them - Abraham - one suddenly appears
on the scene, a priest and king, not of the
peculiar race at all - his parentage and
ancestry unrecorded and unknown, who
blesses and receives tithes from
Abraham and then suddenly
disappears from view.
v. 3 - almost seems like a riddle - he had no predecessor
in office and he shall have no successor.
v. 4 - "consider" - though hard of interpretation the
theme deserves careful study since it concerns
the dignity and glory of the Son of God.
Melchizedek is superior to Abraham - remember
Jesus' words - "Your father Abraham rejoiced to
see my day: and he saw it and was glad"...."before
Abraham was, I am" - John 8:56,58
Abraham was greater than Aaron; Melchizedek
was greater than Abraham, but Christ is infinitely
greater than Melchizedek
v. 17 - To the Psalmist in ch. 110 this individual is
presented as the ideal of "a priest for ever"
The very mention of a different order of
priesthood implies that the old order, and
with it the legal dispensation which depended
on it, was imperfect and to be superceded.
(TRANSITORY IF YOU WILL)
vs. 13-14 - it is to be distinct from the tribe of Levi
- the order changed not only because
the Priest of the new order is from the
tribe of Judah (see Revelation 5) but
because it is of a different kind and of
a kind much higher and diviner.
The subject of Psalm 110 is the Antitype of
Melchizedek rather than Melchizedek himself.
v. 16 - "the power of an endless life"
Earthly priests - short duration - death - successor
The Aaronic priesthood stands as the representative
of service limited by the necessary boundaries of
Jesus stands forth as One whose service is
unlimited save by the unbelief of the one He seeks
vs. 18-19 - the disannuling of the Law because of
its insufficiency - "the Law made nothing
perfect but the bringing in of a better hope
Jesus Christ is the true Priest of mankind, for
whom the nations have been waiting - "the Desire
of all nations" - "thy people shall be willing in the
day of thy power"
The Levitical priesthood and the entire ceremonial
law which it enshrined have been abrogated and
in their stead has come an introduction of "a
No Levitical priest was installed so solemnly - the
Divine oath shows the certainty and importance
and unchangeableness of the thing sworn!
v. 22 - "Jesus made a surety of a better covenant"
surety - bail
God's oath - says it is so
"Say it ain't so Joe" - Chicago Black Sox scandal
This is no mere temporary ordinance but on the
immutable Divine counsel - see again ch. 6:17-20
v. 24 - Christ "continueth ever...unchangeable
priesthood" - His eternal personality
assures the complete efficiency of our
High Priest! (v. 25)
A contrast with mortal men of v. 23
v. 25 - Read - "Ask of me" - Ps. 2:8
"He ever liveth to make intercession for them"
Through Christ, man belongs to the same order of
being as God Himself! How sweet to know that our
High Priest is also a man - that His earthly life
was full of experiences basically as ours - He
knows our difficulties, sorrows and temptations.
Believers can approach Him with confidence -
v. 26 - the word "high priest" is introduced for
the first time - a key-note of what is to
"For such an high priest became us" - is fitting -
to our state and needs - same word used in ch. 2:10
That He should be both human and superhuman
was in all respects fitting - the sympathizing brother -
"through whom we can draw night to God" -
He is "holy, harmless, undefiled, separate
from sinners and made higher than the
The sacrifice of Christ is in itself all-sufficient to
expiate guilt, cleanse the conscience, and purify the
soul - His blood atones, it is the blood of God!
Christ was not only outwardly holy -
"hagios" but inwardly holy "hosios"
Christ was holy - He kept the first four words of the
Law - He was guileless, just and kind towards His
fellowmen - He perfectly observed the six precepts
of the second table - He injured no one - He went
about doing good.
He was singular in this holiness - "separated from
sinners" - we are of the other group - "all have
sinned and come short of the glory of God"!
Jesus stands by Himself and in that He has
suffered being tempted, He is able to help us!
His reward - "made higher than the heavens"
Christ, living among men, showed what a glorious
thing human nature is when we can see it in its
full purity - Jesus is not only pure Himself but
He can purify the medium through which He is
The Great High Priest stands in the midst of
sinful men to whom He ministers for the
most practical purpose of MAKING THEM
(see v. 27)