I Kings 5
Solomon and Hiraam (vs. 1-18)
The somewhat detailed description which we have had in ch. 4. of Solomon’s pomp
and power and wisdom, is followed in chapters 5 and following, by an account of what,
in Jewish eyes, was the great undertaking of his reign, and, indeed, the great glory of
Hebrew history — the erection and adornment of the
due to the assistance he received both in the shape of materials and laborers — from
the Tyrian king, we have in the first place an account of his alliance with Hiram.
1 “And Hiram king of
good understanding, with
importance to them of
corn lands, so that their country depended upon
“ for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father:
for Hiram was ever a lover of David. 2 And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying,
3 Thou knowest how that David my father could not build an house unto the
name of the LORD his God for the wars which were about him on every side,
until the LORD put them under the soles of his feet. 4 But now the LORD my
God hath given me rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary nor
evil occurrent” - (rebellion, famine, pestilence or other such occurrences as David had).
5 And, behold, I purpose to build an house unto the name of the LORD my God,
(Notice the great respect Solomon has for God and the proposed House in the parallel
passage in II Chronicles 2:4 – “Behold, I build an house to the name of the LORD
my God, to dedicate it to Him, and to burn before Him sweet incense, and for the
continual shewbread, and for the burnt offerings morning and evening, on the
sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts of the LORD our God.
This is an ordinance for ever to Israel.” Not so
of trying to excise God’s Holy name & influence from it’s daily life – CY -2010)
“as the LORD spake unto David my father, saying, Thy son, whom I will
set upon thy throne in thy room, he shall build an house unto my name.
6 Now therefore command thou that they hew me
cedar trees out of
and my servants shall be with thy servants: and unto thee will I give hire for thy
servants according to all that thou shalt appoint: for thou knowest that there is not
among us any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians.” – Note the part
the heathen thus took in rearing a temple for the God of Jacob (Isaiah 60:10,13). 7 And it
came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he rejoiced greatly, and
said, Blessed be the LORD this day, which hath given unto David a wise son over
this great people.” The proof of the wisdom lay in Solomon’s fulfilling his wise
father’s purposes and in his care for the worship of God. 8 And Hiram sent to
Solomon, saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for:
and I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning
timber of fir.” Notice that in this text the request for materials is more prominently
brought to view while in the parallel passage, the petition is for workmen
(II Chronicles 2:8-10) 9 My servants shall
bring them down from
the sea: and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt
appoint me, and will cause them to be discharged there, and thou shalt receive
them: and thou shalt accomplish my desire, in giving food for my household.
10 So Hiram gave Solomon cedar trees and fir trees according to all his desire.
11 And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat for food to his
household, and twenty measures of pure oil: thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by
year. 12 And the LORD gave Solomon wisdom, as He promised him: and there
was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and they two made a league together.”
The fact that
the unbroken peace that prevailed between the two countries. 13 And king Solomon
raised a levy out of
one in forty men) Such a levy was predicted by Samuel (I Samuel 8:16). 14 And
he sent them to
They had to serve four months out of the year, no very great hardship. 15 And
Solomon had threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens, and fourscore
thousand hewers in the mountains;” – These 150,000, destined for the more
laborious and menial works, were not Israelites, but Canaanites. We learn from
II Chronicles 2:17-18 that “all the strangers that
were in the
subjected to forced labor by Solomon — there were, that is to say, but 150,000 of
them remaining. They occupied a very different position from that of the 30,000 Hebrews.
None of the latter were reduced to bondage (ch.9:22), while the former had long been
employed in servile work. 16 Beside the chief of Solomon's officers which were
over the work, three thousand and three hundred, which ruled over the people
that wrought in the work. 17 And the king commanded, and they brought great
stones, costly stones, and hewed stones, to lay the foundation of the house.
18 And Solomon's builders and Hiram's builders did hew them, and the
stonesquarers: so they prepared timber and stones to build the house.”
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