May 16, 2004
II Timothy 4
v. 1 - verse one's import or impact on verse 2
"before God and the Lord Jesus Christ"
"who shall judge the quick and the dead at
His appearing and kingdom"
The time will come when Christ shall return to the earth
and before His judgment-seat were to be gathered the quick
(suddenly changed - I Thess. 4:15-17, I Cor. 15:51-53) and
the dead (those raised from their graves - John 5:25,28-29)
Timothy would have to take his place along with others,
to give account of his official work!
"We must all appear before the judgment-seat of Christ;
that every one may receive the things done in his body,
according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad"
II Cor. 5:10
The time has come for Christ's Kingdom to be established!
Rev. 11:15 Daniel 7:13-14,18,22
Christ is now concealed from human view, and men may
dispute His being the Son of God, may question that He
died, but at His appearing, His relation to the Father and to
human salvation will be made clear beyond all doubt.
Psalm 50:21 I Cor. 15:23-28
v. 8 - "them ...that love His appearing" - a time of
joy to the full when our Master shall be publicly
honored and we share with His glory!
v. 2 - The Deposit - Matt. 25:14-30
"Preach the Word" - It is impossible to exaggerate
the dignity & importance here given to preaching
by its being the subject of so solemn & awful
an adjuration as in v. 1!
You may see popular preachers all around you, leading
astray silly souls by hundreds and thousands, tickling their
ears with foolish fancies, ministering to their idle lusts -ch. 3,
leading them away from the "Truth as it is in Jesus"
But do thou "preach the word" - take my place - carry on -
pass it on - and then join me in the kingdom of glory.
The Lord grant to His Church an unfailing succession
of men to carry out the Great Commission!
"Preach the Word" - All preachers must give account - his
first & pre-eminent duty is to "preach the gospel" - because
"it is the power of God unto salvation" - Rom. 1:16
"be instant in season, out of season" - ready for every
opportunity - he is to have his stated time or season for
preaching so that men might know when they can hear the
Word of God, but to preach beyond the stated season "ready
always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a
reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear"
I Peter 3:15
"reprove" - bring faults home to the offender -
expose the real nature of sin.
"rebuke" - stronger word than reprove (more of
authority - less of argument) - impute
blame for sin
"exhort" - urge and encourage - use persuasion
against continuing in sin and leading
towards a better life.
"with longsuffering and teaching" - using a proper
consideration for others, not out of his own thoughts
but out of the Word of God.
Timothy had not to create a gospel but to preach the
one revealed - THE WORD is broad and vast enough
for any preacher. The cross has for its circumference
all truth and is to be carried into all spheres of life.
It is not a mere philosophy nor is it an elaborate
theological thesis that he has to prove true.
It has to do with "present salvation" and the future
well-being of man. The season is NOW - tomorrow
preacher and hearer may both be gone.
The TRUTH can never be out of season - the "truth
as it is in Jesus"
It is to be taught with authority, not as if the congregation
were patrons or Courts of Law to try your opinions..
Not of your own authority - it has its own witness
within - you can expect the HOLY SPIRIT to assist
and bear witness - John 16:7-11
The teacher is not to be merely a scornful satirist of
immorality nor is he to be a lightning-conductor of
Divine wrath, he is to teach Christ who saves men.
It is not enough to teach against evil - the Law is a
mirror /HOLD IT UP but remember that the Christ
he preaches is the Son of God who is come "not to
condemn the world, but that the world through Him
might be saved"
Long-suffering - remembering himself as frail, sinful
and needing mercy.
Get out God's message of grace, pardon, forgiveness,
love and reconciliation.
v. 3 - Failing to "preach the Word" brings apostasy
"For the time will come when they shall not endure
sound doctrine" - Sound Doctrine - that is opposed to
the corruption of human nature.
Some show contempt of it, some show neglect.
A form (morphoo) of moral disgust at the gospel - they
will not discard the ministry absolutely, just exchange
one class of ministers for another.
"after their own lusts" -their fancies & appetites
are not to be taught God's truth by teachers sent from
God - compare I Kings 12:33 during the decline of Israel.
"itching ears" - an itch for novelty - new things, smooth
things - a wish to have their fancies gratified "after their
An intolerance of sound doctrine which leads to godliness.
Men find it intolerable because it binds them down to
thoughts and courses which are contrary to "their own lusts"
v. 4 - Paying more attention to heretics.
The retribution - Turn away from TRUTH to FABLES
II Thess. 2:10-12
It is a solemn fact in Divine providence, that when men do
not like to return to the knowledge of the truth, God gives
them up to a reprobate (rejected) mind, so that they lose all
relish for sound doctrine. Rom. 1:28 and following
Man is a religious being and by rejecting sound doctrine
does not mean he ceases to be concerned about religious
matters - the heart cannot long remain empty - fables rush
to occupy the place that denies truth just as infidelity
brings a vacuum which superstition immediately fills
up. What a waste of soul - profitless fables in exchange
for soul-saving truth - WHAT SHALL A MAN GIVE
IN EXCHANGE FOR HIS SOUL?
The abandonment of truth and acceptance of MYTHS?
Not to truth but inventions - "God hath made man
upright; but they have sought out many inventions"
When men do not find the truth agreeable they take
the wildest fancies and accept the most childish beliefs -
for instance Darwinism - II Thess 2:11-12
"for this they are willingly ignorant" - II Pet. 3:5a
vs. 6-7 - Every Christian a soldier - fight against the
world, the flesh and the devil.
A man of war - "fightings without, fears within"
Faithful preaching, holy example, fervent prayer and
v. 8 - Blessed prospect
"crown of righteousness" here
"crown of glory" - I Pet. 5:4
"crown of life" - James 1:12
"laid up" - I Pet. 1:4
Character of those receiving the reward -
"love His appearing"
"thy kingdom come" their desire & petition
"Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power"
"the Lord the Righteous Judge" - Referee, Umpire
"not to me only" "but unto them also that love
ch. 2:19a again
v. 9 - "Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this
v. 14 - "Alexander the coppersmith" - I Tim 1:20 -
trade interests got the best of him? idol maker?
Retribution - "the Lord reward him according to his works"
"Of whom be thou ware"
v. 17 - "stood by me"
v. 18 - Paul's confidence is that the Lord would, in His own
good time and way, transfer him from this present
evil world, and from the powers of
darkness, into His eternal kingdom of
light and righteousness!