vs. 1-4 – The prophecy begun in ch. 9:8 terminates with this
stanza, which contains a warning against injustice
and oppression. It is addressed to
equally, and is accompanied by the threat of a “day
of desolation”, when those who have refused to make
God their refuge will have no recourse but go into
captivity with the “prisoners”, or perish with the
vs. 3-4 - "what will ye do in the day of visitation….to whom
shall ye flee for help?” "without me…..they shall
bow down….they shall fall." - "For all this His anger is
not turned away, but His hand is stretched
“The day of visitation” is the day God reckons with His servants,
demanding an account from each of the work done in His vineyard.
at one time “sacrificed to the gods of
him” – (II Chronicles 28:23) thinking to obtain help from them;
“they were the ruin of him, and of all
(See II Chronicles 28 - Spurgeon Sermon – That King Ahaz
There is no escape for them – they must either submit to captivity or
death - it took seventy years for God's anger to be appeased in the
ceased to be a nation!!!
vs. 5- 23 - PROPHECIES OF WOE UPON FOREIGN NATIONS
Vers. 5-19. —
The wicked are a sword in the hand of God (Psalm 17:13), wherewith
He executes His judgments; but this fact is hid from them, and they imagine
that they are successful through their own strength and might. So it was
and arrogant above measure. God now, by the mouth of Isaiah, makes
known His intention of bringing down the pride of
glory in the dust, by a sudden and great destruction (vs. 15:19), after she
has served His purposes.
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God is Man’s Only Sure Refuge in the Day of Calamity.
“God is our Refuge and Strength, a very present Help in trouble. Therefore
will we not fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains
be carried into the midst of the sea; though the waters thereof roar and be
troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof”
Psalm 46:1-3 –
So sang the Psalmist and so
to Him and served Him and strove to keep His laws - as they wavered
and grew cold in His service and allowed themselves to be distracted by
sensuous religions of the nations around them, their trust in Jehovah
departed and He was no longer a refuge.
Compare Hosea 4:17 – “Ephraim is joined to idols: let him alone”
Hosea 13:1 – “When Ephraim spake trembling, he exalted
v. 10 - the land full of idols, they worship the work of their
own hands, that which their own fingers have made"
v. 14 – The nation’s treasures are like eggs found in deserted
nests, which the hunter gathers without any resistance
v. 15 -
She is no more than an axe, a saw, a rod or staff in the
of its user. For
were independent of God, is like a rod attempting to
sway the hand that holds it. It is a complete inversion of
the natural order.
brought her down. The downfall of
strange, abnormal – she is at the zenith of her power –
almost without warning her glory suffers eclipse.
The warning may well be taken to heart by modern
countries which set themselves against God - by modern
philosophers and pseudo-scientists, who in the pride of
their intellect, deny God, and by the irreligious generally,
who practically deny and defy Him.
v. 16. — “Therefore shall the Lord... send among his fat ones
leanness”. A continuation of
v. 12, showing what the nature of
punishment shall be. The prophet expresses it by two images — first, that
of a wasting sickness; and secondly, that of a fire. The first image expresses
that gradual decay of national spirit which saps the vital strength of a
nation; the second is more suited to denote some external attack under
which the weakened nation should succumb. There are traces, in the later
effeminacy, and of violent external attacks culminating in the combined
Median and Babylonian invasion, before which her power collapsed
(Abyden. ap. Euseb., ‘Chronicles Can.,’ pars i.e. 9.; Syncell.,
‘Chronograph.,’ p, 210, B; Tobit 14:15).
v. 17 - "....burn in one day" – within a brief space.
20-34 – Consolation for the Faithful in
by the return of a “remnant of
God (vs. 20, 21). The remnant, however, shall be but a remnant —
judgment shall have overtaken the balk of the people (vs. 22, 23). Still,
there is reason for the faithful to take courage and be of good heart;
v. 20 - a lesson learned - "but shall stay upon the Lord,
the Holy One of
their trust in God and Him only!
vs. 22-23 - a consumption - a consummation
v. 22. — “The consumption decreed shall overflow with
righteousness”; rather, the consummation (Daniel 9:27) determined on
is one that overflows with righteousness (Isaiah 28:22). The
prophet means that God is about to visit the land in such a spirit of severe
justice that it cannot be expected that more than a remnant will survive the
v. 23. — “The Lord... shall make a consumption”; rather, a
consummation — a final and decisive end of things. Even determined;
i.e. “determined on beforehand.” “In the midst of all the land” -
“Throughout the entire land,” not merely in some portions of it.
v. 24. — “O my people... be not afraid”. God now addresses those who
are faithful to Him among the people; they have no need to fear — He will
bring them safely through all the coming troubles.
v. 26 - "His rod....shall He lift up after the manner of
v. 27 – “because of the anointing” – through Jesus Christ
and the Holy Spirit.
“We have an unction from the Holy One” (1 John 2:20), if we are
Christians at all, and through that unction obtain more blessings than
we can enumerate; as:
(John 14:26), who encourages humble souls, and cheers up those who
are depressed, and infuses hope into those who are ready to despair of
hearts, and give us the power both to will and to do of His good
to overcome Satan, and release us from slavery to evil habits, and make
us free and willing servants of God;
among whose gifts are wisdom, and knowledge, and faith, and
discerning of spirits, and prophecy (1 Corinthians 12:8-10);
holiness” (Romans 1:4).
The anointing of the Holy Spirit once received through the mercy
of God, naturally and almost necessarily, unless we grieve and vex
the Spirit by our perversity, abides in us (1 John 2:27), and teaches
us, and guides us, and strengthens and sustains us, and purifies our
hearts and lives, and enables us to grow in grace, and press on ever
towards the mark of our high calling in Christ, and become more
and more conformed to the image of Him to whom God gave not
His Spirit “by measure” (John 3:34).