ch. 10


vs. 1-4 – The prophecy begun in ch. 9:8 terminates with this

            stanza, which contains a warning against injustice

            and oppression.  It is addressed to Israel and Judah

            equally, and is accompanied by the threat of a “day

            of desolation”, when those who have refused to make

            God their refuge will have no recourse but go into

            captivity with the “prisoners”, or perish with the



vs. 3-4 - "what will ye do in the day of visitation….to whom

shall ye flee for help?”  "without me…..they shall

bow down….they shall fall." - "For all this His anger is

            not turned away, but His hand is stretched

            out still"


“The day of visitation  is the day God reckons with His servants,

demanding an account from each of the work done in His vineyard.


Ahaz at one time “sacrificed to the gods of Damascus which smote

him” – (II Chronicles 28:23) thinking to obtain help from them;

but “they were the ruin of him, and of all Israel.


(See II Chronicles 28 - Spurgeon Sermon – That King Ahaz


There is no escape for them – they must either submit to captivity or

death - it took seventy years for God's anger to be appeased in the

case of Judah - in the case of Israel it was never appeased – crushed, it

ceased to be a nation!!!






The wicked are a sword in the hand of God (Psalm 17:13), wherewith

He executes His judgments; but this fact is hid from them, and they imagine

that they are successful through their own strength and might. So it was

with Assyria (vs. 5-14), which its long career of victory had made proud

and arrogant above measure. God now, by the mouth of Isaiah, makes

known His intention of bringing down the pride of Assyria, and laying her

glory in the dust, by a sudden and great destruction (vs. 15:19), after she

has served His purposes.


"Excerpted text Copyright AGES Library, LLC. All rights reserved.     

Materials are reproduced by permission." - (here and following):
God is Man’s Only Sure Refuge in the Day of Calamity.


“God is our Refuge and Strength, a very present Help in trouble. Therefore

will we not fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains

be carried into the midst of the sea; though the waters thereof roar and be

troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof”

Psalm 46:1-3


 So sang the Psalmist and so Israel and Judah felt, so long as they clave

to Him and served Him and strove to keep His laws - as they wavered

and grew cold in His service and allowed themselves to be distracted by

sensuous religions of the nations around them, their trust in Jehovah

departed and He was no longer a refuge.


Compare Hosea 4:17 – “Ephraim is joined to idols: let him alone”

Hosea 13:1 – “When Ephraim spake trembling, he exalted

himself in Israel; but when he offended in Baal, he died”


v. 10 - the land full of idols, they worship the work of their

            own hands, that which their own fingers have made"

            ch. 2:8


v. 14 – The nation’s treasures are like eggs found in deserted

            nests, which the hunter gathers without any resistance

            or risk.



v. 15 - Assyria asserting herself as if she was independent

            of God???


She is no more than an axe, a saw, a rod or staff in the

hands of its user.  For Assyria to assert herself as if she

were independent of God, is like a rod attempting to

sway the hand that holds it.  It is a complete inversion of

the natural order.


Assyria had lasted for seven centuries - it was God's doing

that brought her down.  The downfall of Assyria is sudden,

strange, abnormal – she is at the zenith of her power –

almost without warning her glory suffers eclipse.


The warning may well be taken to heart by modern

countries which set themselves against God - by modern

philosophers and pseudo-scientists, who in the pride of

their intellect, deny God, and by the irreligious generally,

who practically deny and defy Him.


v. 16. — “Therefore shall the Lord... send among his fat ones

leanness”.  A continuation of v. 12, showing what the nature of Assyria’s

punishment shall be. The prophet expresses it by two images — first, that

of a wasting sickness; and secondly, that of a fire. The first image expresses

that gradual decay of national spirit which saps the vital strength of a

nation; the second is more suited to denote some external attack under

which the weakened nation should succumb. There are traces, in the later

history of Assyria, both of increasing internal weakness through luxury and

effeminacy, and of violent external attacks culminating in the combined

Median and Babylonian invasion, before which her power collapsed

(Abyden. ap. Euseb., ‘Chronicles Can.,’ pars i.e. 9.; Syncell.,

Chronograph.,’ p, 210, B; Tobit 14:15).


v. 17 - "....burn in one day" – within a brief space.


vs. 20-34 – Consolation for the Faithful in Israel


The destruction of Assyria shall be followed — how soon, is not said —

by the return of a “remnant of Israel,” not so much to their own land, as to

God (vs. 20, 21). The remnant, however, shall be but a remnant —

judgment shall have overtaken the balk of the people (vs. 22, 23). Still,

there is reason for the faithful to take courage and be of good heart;

Assyria will shortly receive a check (vs. 24-27) — when her armies

swoop upon Jerusalem, God will swoop down on her (vs. 28-34).



v. 20 - a lesson learned  - "but shall stay upon the Lord,

            the Holy One of Israel, in truth" – they shall put

            their trust in God and Him only!


vs. 22-23 - a consumption - a consummation


v. 22. — “The consumption decreed shall overflow with

righteousness; rather, the consummation (Daniel 9:27) determined on

is one that overflows with righteousness (Isaiah 28:22). The

prophet means that God is about to visit the land in such a spirit of severe

justice that it cannot be expected that more than a remnant will survive the

awful visitation.


v. 23. — “The Lord... shall make a consumption”; rather, a

consummation — a final and decisive end of things. Even determined;

i.e. “determined on beforehand.”  In the midst of all the land” -

“Throughout the entire land,” not merely in some portions of it.



v. 24. — “O my people... be not afraid”. God now addresses those who

are faithful to Him among the people; they have no need to fear — He will

bring them safely through all the coming troubles.


v. 26 - "His rod....shall He lift up after the manner of

            Egypt" – the way He did when Moses led them

            out of Egypt


v. 27 – “because of the anointing” – through Jesus Christ

            and the Holy Spirit.


“We have an unction from the Holy One” (1 John 2:20), if we are

Christians at all, and through that unction obtain more blessings than

we can enumerate; as:


  • comfort and encouragement from Him who is “the Comforter”

      (John 14:26), who encourages humble souls, and cheers up those who

      are depressed, and infuses hope into those who are ready to despair of

      their salvation;


  • strength from One who is stronger than man, who can enter into our

      hearts, and give us the power both to will and to do of His good



  • release from the bondage of sin through the “free Spirit,” who is able

      to overcome Satan, and release us from slavery to evil habits, and make

      us free and willing servants of God;


  • light and knowledge of the truth from Him who is “the Spirit of truth,”

      among whose gifts are wisdom, and knowledge, and faith, and

      discerning of spirits, and prophecy (1 Corinthians 12:8-10);


  • holiness from “the Sanctifier,” the Holy Spirit — the “Spirit of

      holiness” (Romans 1:4).


The anointing of the Holy Spirit once received through the mercy

of God, naturally and almost necessarily, unless we grieve and vex

the Spirit by our perversity, abides in us (1 John 2:27), and teaches

us, and guides us, and strengthens and sustains us, and purifies our

hearts and lives, and enables us to grow in grace, and press on ever

towards the mark of our high calling in Christ, and become more

and more conformed to the image of Him to whom God gave not

His Spirit “by measure” (John 3:34).