ch. 11


vs. 1-9 - Description of the Messiah and His Kingdom


This chapter is closely connected with the preceding. With the final

destruction of Assyria, which, being cut down, sends out no shoot

(Isaiah 10:33, 34), is contrasted the recuperative energy of Israel,

which, though equally leveled with the ground (Isaiah 9:18, 19), shall

spring afresh into life, and “renew its youth.” The recovery is

connected —or rather identified with the coming of Messiah, whose

character is beautifully portrayed (vs. 2-5).  An elaborate description

of Messiah’s kingdom follows (vs. 6-10) — an expansion of the briefer

one in Isaiah 2:3, 4.


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 v. 2 - These influences were not in Him transient or

            occasional, as in too many men, who more or

            less "resist the Spirit"  - but permanent and

            enduring  - these influences “rested upon Him"


  • "wisdom & understanding"  - intellectual & moral



  • "counsel & might"  - the power to scheme & originate  -

      to carry out thought into act!


  • "the knowledge and the fear of the Lord"  - acquaintance

                                          with the true will of God, combined

      with the determination to carry out

      that will to the full!



seems to he meant moral intelligence — the power of appreciating the

moral character, and judging aright the moral conduct of others. Our Lord

possessed this quality in the most eminent degree, never misjudging the

character or conduct of any one. His unerring insight gave Him an absolute

fitness to be the final Judge of men, but was far beyond what is needed by

any earthly ruler or king.



doubt, is a quality of which a temporal ruler has need; but it was not as a

temporal ruler, or for the most part in temporal matters, that our Lord’s

counsel was given. The maxims of His lips were not maxims of worldly

policy, but such as these: “Seek ye first the kingdom of God, and His

righteousness;” “Take no thought for the morrow;” “Sell all that thou hast,

and give to the poor,” and the like. He counseled men for their spiritual

rather than for their worldly good, with a view to a spiritual and not a

temporal kingdom.


CHRIST’S POSSESSION OF MIGHT. “Might,” or ability to execute

His designs, is, again, a quality of high value to an earthly ruler; and had

our Lord used His might for earthly ends, He might easily have been all,

and more than all, that the Jews expected. But He ever restrained Himself

from any exhibition of physical strength, or power of organization, or even

of persuasive eloquence, exhibiting His might only for spiritual ends, in

miracles of mercy, whereby He sought to win men’s souls to Himself, or

once and again in miracles of power, shown forth as evidences of His



v. 3 - "with quick understanding"


v. 4 - "With righteousness shall He judge..." - an intended

            contrast with the Messiah's rule and the princes of Judah.


 "He shall smite the earth with the rod of His mouth,

and with the breath of His lips" - He used the same

to make the earth  - "Let there be...." - in the last

day words from His mouth will consign to everlasting

life or to everlasting destruction.


v. 5 “Righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins” -

“righteousness shall be ever with Him, ever ready for active use,

ever (as it were) bracing Him for action.” Assuredly, He was

“righteous in all His ways, and holy in all His works” (Psalm 145:17).

 Faithfulness” - (comp. Ephesians 6:14, “Having your loins girt

about with truth”).


v. 6 – If in the “new heavens and the new earth” there is an

            animal creation, it will be fitting that there, harmony

            should equally prevail among the inferior creation.


The most powerful beasts shall submit to the control of a



v. 9 - "the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the

            Lord, as the waters cover the sea"


v. 10 -  The Jews and Gentiles Shall be Gathered Together into

            Messiah’s Kingdom


            God’s Mercy in Bringing the Gentiles into His Kingdom.


In the old world, when “all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth,”

God sent forth a fierce destruction, and swept away the entire human race,

excepting eight persons. After the Flood he promised, of His own free

grace, that He would never so destroy mankind again (Genesis 9:11-15).

But it was open to Him to have sent upon the world some other equally

severe visitation, and to have once more rid the earth of “a seed of

evildoers.” The general corruption of the Gentile world, when Christ

came, was excessive. It is scarcely possible that the corruption of the

antediluvians can have been greater. As a modern historian sums up his

account of heathendom at the coming of Christ, “Corruption had attained

its full tide at the commencement of the second century. Vices gnawed at

the marrow of nations, and, above all, of the Romans: their national

existence was more than menaced; the moral sickness had become a

physical one in its effects — a subtle poison penetrating into the vitals of

the state; and, as before in the sanguinary civil wars, so now the lords of

the world seemed minded to destroy themselves by their vices. Men were

denuded of all that was really good, and, surrounded on all sides by the

thick clouds of a blinded conscience, they caught with wild eagerness at the

grossest sensual enjoyments, in the wild tumult of which they plunged to

intoxication” (Dollinger, ‘Jew and Gentile,’ vol. 2. pp. 284, 285, Eng.

Trans.). Or take St. Paul’s account of the condition of the heathen when he

began his preaching: “As men did not like to retain God in their

knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things

which are not convenient; being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication,

wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, deceit,

debate, malignity; whisperers, backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud,

boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, without

understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, implacable,

unmerciful: who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit

such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in

them that do them” (Romans 1:28-32). Yet, instead of destroying this

polluted race, God had compassion on them, and went out of his way to

seek them.





"to it shall the Gentiles seek and His rest shall be glorious"



vs. 11-16 - the remnant of Israel – God, who had sought them out

            of Egypt, will likewise some day “set His hand” to recover

            them from the various countries throughout the world in

            which they have been dispersed.


v. 12 – “He shall set up an ensign” – Christ is the Ensign


v. 13 -  In the kingdom of the Prince of Peace there will no longer be

any quarrels or jealousies


v. 16 – “There shall be an highway” -  This is the object in view —

the free and unhindered passage of His people from the various regions

where they are scattered (v. 11) to their resting-place in Palestine.



"like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of