vs. 1-9 - Description of the Messiah and His Kingdom
This chapter is closely connected with the preceding. With the final
(Isaiah 10:33, 34), is contrasted the recuperative energy
which, though equally leveled with the ground (Isaiah 9:18, 19), shall
spring afresh into life, and “renew its youth.” The recovery is
connected —or rather identified with the coming of Messiah, whose
character is beautifully portrayed (vs. 2-5). An elaborate description
of Messiah’s kingdom follows (vs. 6-10) — an expansion of the briefer
one in Isaiah 2:3, 4.
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v. 2 - These influences were not in Him transient or
occasional, as in too many men, who more or
less "resist the Spirit" - but permanent and
enduring - these influences “rested upon Him"
to carry out thought into act!
with the true will of God, combined
with the determination to carry out
that will to the full!
CHRIST’S POSSESSION OF UNDERSTANDING. By “understanding”
seems to he meant moral intelligence — the power of appreciating the
moral character, and judging aright the moral conduct of others. Our Lord
possessed this quality in the most eminent degree, never misjudging the
character or conduct of any one. His unerring insight gave Him an absolute
fitness to be the final Judge of men, but was far beyond what is needed by
any earthly ruler or king.
CHRIST’S POSSESSION OF THE SPIRIT OF COUNSEL. Here, no
doubt, is a quality of which a temporal ruler has need; but it was not as a
temporal ruler, or for the most part in temporal matters, that our Lord’s
counsel was given. The maxims of His lips were not maxims of worldly
policy, but such as these: “Seek ye first the
righteousness;” “Take no thought for the morrow;” “Sell all that thou hast,
and give to the poor,” and the like. He counseled men for their spiritual
rather than for their worldly good, with a view to a spiritual and not a
CHRIST’S POSSESSION OF MIGHT. “Might,” or ability to execute
His designs, is, again, a quality of high value to an earthly ruler; and had
our Lord used His might for earthly ends, He might easily have been all,
and more than all, that the Jews expected. But He ever restrained Himself
from any exhibition of physical strength, or power of organization, or even
of persuasive eloquence, exhibiting His might only for spiritual ends, in
miracles of mercy, whereby He sought to win men’s souls to Himself, or
once and again in miracles of power, shown forth as evidences of His
v. 3 - "with quick understanding"
v. 4 - "With righteousness shall He judge..." - an intended
contrast with the Messiah's rule
and the princes of
"He shall smite the earth with the rod of His mouth,
and with the breath of His lips" - He used the same
to make the earth - "Let there be...." - in the last
day words from His mouth will consign to everlasting
life or to everlasting destruction.
v. 5 “Righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins” -
“righteousness shall be ever with Him, ever ready for active use,
ever (as it were) bracing Him for action.” Assuredly, He was
“righteous in all His ways, and holy in all His works” (Psalm 145:17).
“Faithfulness” - (comp. Ephesians 6:14, “Having your loins girt
about with truth”).
v. 6 – If in the “new heavens and the new earth” there is an
animal creation, it will be fitting that there, harmony
should equally prevail among the inferior creation.
The most powerful beasts shall submit to the control of a
v. 9 - "the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the
Lord, as the waters cover the sea"
v. 10 - The Jews and Gentiles Shall be Gathered Together into
God’s Mercy in Bringing the Gentiles into His Kingdom.
In the old world, when “all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth,”
God sent forth a fierce destruction, and swept away the entire human race,
excepting eight persons. After the Flood he promised, of His own free
grace, that He would never so destroy mankind again (Genesis 9:11-15).
But it was open to Him to have sent upon the world some other equally
severe visitation, and to have once more rid the earth of “a seed of
evildoers.” The general corruption of the Gentile world, when Christ
came, was excessive. It is scarcely possible that the corruption of the
antediluvians can have been greater. As a modern historian sums up his
account of heathendom at the coming of Christ, “Corruption had attained
its full tide at the commencement of the second century. Vices gnawed at
the marrow of nations, and, above all, of the Romans: their national
existence was more than menaced; the moral sickness had become a
physical one in its effects — a subtle poison penetrating into the vitals of
the state; and, as before in the sanguinary civil wars, so now the lords of
the world seemed minded to destroy themselves by their vices. Men were
denuded of all that was really good, and, surrounded on all sides by the
thick clouds of a blinded conscience, they caught with wild eagerness at the
grossest sensual enjoyments, in the wild tumult of which they plunged to
‘Jew and Gentile,’ vol. 2. pp. 284, 285,
Trans.). Or take
began his preaching: “As men did not like to retain God in their
knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things
which are not convenient; being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication,
wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, deceit,
debate, malignity; whisperers, backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud,
boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, without
understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, implacable,
unmerciful: who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit
such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in
them that do them” (Romans 1:28-32). Yet, instead of destroying this
polluted race, God had compassion on them, and went out of his way to
HE LIFTED UP CHRIST TO THEM AS AN ENSIGN FROM AFAR.
"to it shall the Gentiles seek and His rest shall be glorious"
vs. 11-16 - the remnant of
them from the various countries throughout the world in
which they have been dispersed.
v. 12 – “He shall set up an ensign” – Christ is the Ensign
v. 13 - In the kingdom of the Prince of Peace there will no longer be
any quarrels or jealousies
v. 16 – “There shall be an highway” - This is the object in view —
the free and unhindered passage of His people from the various regions
they are scattered (v. 11) to their resting-place in
"like as it was to