Isaiah 13



THE BURDEN OF BABYLON. The series of prophecies which

commences with this chapter and continues to the close of Isaiah 23., is

connected together by the word massa, burden.  Babylon heads the list

of the Church’s enemies in the present catalogue.  The high position here

given to Babylon by the prophet, is on the supposition that it was thus

early (about 725 B.C.) revealed to him that Babylonia was the great

enemy to be feared - the ultimate destroyer of Judah and Jerusalem,

the power that would carry the Jewish people into captivity.


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v. 1 - "a burden"


v. 6 - "Howl ye, for the day of the Lord is at  hand"


The day of Jehovah - that crisis in the history of the

world when God will interpose to rectify the evils of

the present, bringing joy and glory to the humble

believer and misery and shame to the proud and



"it shall come as a destruction from the Almighty

(El Shaddai)" - God's power to visit and punish


Shaddai is equivalent to “Almighty” – it is an ancient name

of God that is rarely used by the prophetical writers.


Same iterated in Joel 1:15


I recommend Genesis 17 – Names of God – El Shaddai by

Nathan Stone – this web site – (very good and worth the



v. 7 - "Therefore shall all hands be faint, and every

            man's heart shall melt" - general inaction

            from a general despondency


v. 8 - from despondency to extreme excitement


v. 9 - "Behold, the day of the Lord cometh....

            and He shall destroy the sinners thereof

            out of it"




v. 10 - Nature sympathizes with her Lord - when He

            is angry, the light of the heavens grows dark -

            as at the crucifixion of Christ - Matthew 27:45 - so

            shall it be at the end of the world  - Matthew 24:29


the constellations” literally, the Orions.  Kesil, the Fool, was the Hebrew

name of the constellation of Orion, who was identified with Nimrod, the

type of that impious folly which contends against God. From its application

to this particular group of stars (Job 9:9; 38:31; Amos 5:8), the word came to

be applied to constellations in general. The Babylonians very early marked

out the sky into constellations.



v. 11 - "And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for

            their iniquity" - this goes beyond Babylon and is A GENERAL



v. 13 - "a new heaven and a new earth" will take the

            place of the old one  - Rev. 21:1, II Peter 3:10-13


v. 18 - those who "have no pity on the fruit of the womb;

            their eye shall not spare children"


v. 19 - "shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah"



v. 22 - "her time is near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged"


About one hundred and eighty years elapsed between the utterance of

this prophecy and the fall of Babylon — a short period in the lifetime

of a nation.


The teaching of this chapter is the ABSOLUTE CERTAINTY  that

punishment will overtake the wicked.


“Therefore thus will I do unto thee, O Israel:  and because I will do