ch. 14


“This chapter is a mixture of light and darkness.  The chapter changes

from the ecstasy of the kingdom to the punishment of hell.  Satan and

the problem of evil are brought before us.”  - from Thru the Bible

with J. Vernon McGee – volume 3 – p. 232  (see vs. 11-16 below)



TRIUMPH OVER BABYLON. The destruction of Babylon is to be

followed by the restoration of Israel, with the good will of the nations, and

by their exercising rule over their late oppressors (vs. 1, 2). In this time

of rest and refreshment they will sing a song of triumph over Babylon. The

song extends from v. 4 to v. 23. It consists of five stanzas, or strophes,

each comprising seven long lines, after which there is a brief epode, or

epilogue, of a different character. This epode is comprised in vers. 22 and



"Excerpted text Copyright AGES Library, LLC. All rights reserved.

Materials are reproduced by permission." - (here and following):

v. 1 – “For the Lord will have mercy on Jacob” - God’s purpose of

mercy upon Israel requires, as its preliminary, the destruction of Babylon,

and may be considered as the final cause of that destruction. His desire to

have mercy on Israel soon is the reason why the days of Babylon are not

prolonged (Isaiah 13:22). “Will yet choose Israel-  The Captivity

was a rejection of Israel from their position as a favored race — God’s

peculiar people; their restoration was a fresh “choice” of them out of all the

nations of the world, a free act of grace on His part; to which they had no

claim or right whatsoever. And set them in their own land; or, on their

own ground. The land that once was theirs, but which they had forfeited by

their disobedience, could only become “their own” again by a fresh gift

from God. The strangers shall be joined with them; rather, the stranger

shall join himself to them. On the return from the Captivity, there would

be an influx of proselytes from the nations, who would voluntarily join

themselves to those whom they saw favored both by God and man

(Esther 8:17). Though the Jews did not commonly seek proselytes, they

readily received such as offered themselves. A further fulfillment of the

prophecy took place when the Gentiles flocked into the Church of God

after the coming of Christ.



v. 3 – “in that day the Lord shall give thee rest from thy sorrow,

            and from thy fear, and from the hard bondage wherein thou

            wast made to serve”


We have no detailed account of the Babylonian, as we have of the

Egyptian servitude; but it was probably well-nigh as grievous.



v. 5 – “The Lord hath broken the staff of the wicked, and the

            scepter of the rulers”


Symbols of Babylonian power – compare ch. 10:5


vs. 11-16 – “Thy pomp is brought down to the grave…..O

            Lucifer, son of the morning!  how art thou cut down

            to the ground, which didst weaken the nations….Yet

            thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the

            pit.  They that shall see thee shall narrowly look upon

            thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to

            tremble, that did shake the kingdoms….?



(See Isaiah 14 – The Origin of Satan and Evil by J. Vernon

McGee) – this web site


v. 20 - "the seed of evildoers shall never be

            renowned" - cut off and the whole race

            blotted out


v. 21 – “for the iniquity of the fathers” – the destruction of

            their posterity was a part of the punishment of

            the fathers.


vs. 22-23 - These verses constitute the epode of the poem. Their

main object is to make it clear that the punishment about in fall

on Babylon comes from none other than Jehovah, whose Name

occurs twice in ver. 22, and emphatically closes ver. 23.


besom” – a broom made of twigs



ASSYRIA. From the distant prospect of an ultimate deliverance from the

power of Babylon, the prophet turns his gaze to a nearer, if not a greater,

deliverance. The present enemy is Assyria. It is she who has carried

Samaria into captivity, and who now threatens the independence of Judah.

Deliverance from her has already been promised more than once (Isaiah

10:16-19, 25-27, 33, 34); but apparently the people are not reassured —

they still dread the foe who is so near, and who seems so irresistible. God,

therefore, condescends to give them a fresh prophecy, a fresh assurance,

and to confirm it to them by an oath (v. 24). The Assyrian power shall be

broken — her yoke shall be cast off (v. 25); God has declared his

purpose, and nothing can hinder it (v. 27).



v. 24 - the punishment came from none other than

            Jehovah - God seldom declares His purposes

            with an oath


“The Lord of hosts hath sworn…as I have thought….as I have

purposed….so shall it come to pass…so shall it stand”


v. 25 - "I will break the Assyrian in my land"


It was said of Assyria - "there is no healing to

thy bruise" - Nahum 3:19 – TERMINAL TIDINGS!


vs. 26-27 – “This is the purpose that is purposed upon the

            whole earth:  and this is the hand that is stretched

            out upon all the nations.  For the Lord of hosts

            hath purposed, and who shall disannul it?  and His

            hand is stretched out, and who shall turn it back?


v. 32 - "the Lord hath founded Zion, and the

            poor of His people shall trust in it"


I recommend Spurgeon’s Sermon – Mr. Moody’s Text


(see Isaiah 12 – Spurgeon Sermon – Mr. Moody’s Text)

this web site.