“This chapter is a mixture of light and darkness. The chapter changes
from the ecstasy of the kingdom to the punishment of hell. Satan and
the problem of evil are brought before us.” - from Thru the Bible
vs. 1-23. — THE RESTORATION OF
followed by the restoration of
by their exercising rule over their late oppressors (vs. 1, 2). In this time
rest and refreshment they will sing a song of triumph over
song extends from v. 4 to v. 23. It consists of five stanzas, or strophes,
each comprising seven long lines, after which there is a brief epode, or
epilogue, of a different character. This epode is comprised in vers. 22 and
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v. 1 – “For the Lord will have mercy on Jacob” - God’s purpose of
and may be considered as the final cause of that destruction. His desire to
have mercy on
prolonged (Isaiah 13:22). “Will yet choose
a rejection of
peculiar people; their restoration was a fresh “choice” of them out of all the
nations of the world, a free act of grace on His part; to which they had no
claim or right whatsoever. And set them in their own land; or, on their
own ground. The land that once was theirs, but which they had forfeited by
their disobedience, could only become “their own” again by a fresh gift
from God. The strangers shall be joined with them; rather, the stranger
shall join himself to them. On the return from the Captivity, there would
be an influx of proselytes from the nations, who would voluntarily join
themselves to those whom they saw favored both by God and man
(Esther 8:17). Though the Jews did not commonly seek proselytes, they
readily received such as offered themselves. A further fulfillment of the
prophecy took place when the Gentiles flocked into the
after the coming of Christ.
v. 3 – “in that day the Lord shall give thee rest from thy sorrow,
and from thy fear, and from the hard bondage wherein thou
wast made to serve”
We have no detailed account of the Babylonian, as we have of the
Egyptian servitude; but it was probably well-nigh as grievous.
v. 5 – “The Lord hath broken the staff of the wicked, and the
scepter of the rulers”
Symbols of Babylonian power – compare ch. 10:5
vs. 11-16 – “Thy pomp is brought down to the grave…..O
Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down
to the ground, which didst weaken the nations….Yet
thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the
pit. They that shall see thee shall narrowly look upon
thee, saying, Is this the man that made the earth to
tremble, that did shake the kingdoms….?
(See Isaiah 14 – The Origin of Satan and Evil by J. Vernon
McGee) – this web site
v. 20 - "the seed of evildoers shall never be
renowned" - cut off and the whole race
v. 21 – “for the iniquity of the fathers” – the destruction of
their posterity was a part of the punishment of
vs. 22-23 - These verses constitute the epode of the poem. Their
main object is to make it clear that the punishment about in fall
occurs twice in ver. 22, and emphatically closes ver. 23.
“besom” – a broom made of twigs
vs. 24-27. — A FURTHER PROPHECY OF DELIVERANCE FROM
deliverance. The present enemy is
Deliverance from her has already been promised more than once (Isaiah
10:16-19, 25-27, 33, 34); but apparently the people are not reassured —
they still dread the foe who is so near, and who seems so irresistible. God,
therefore, condescends to give them a fresh prophecy, a fresh assurance,
and to confirm it to them by an oath (v. 24). The Assyrian power shall be
broken — her yoke shall be cast off (v. 25); God has declared his
purpose, and nothing can hinder it (v. 27).
v. 24 - the punishment came from none other than
Jehovah - God seldom declares His purposes
with an oath
“The Lord of hosts hath sworn…as I have thought….as I have
purposed….so shall it come to pass…so shall it stand”
v. 25 - "I will break the Assyrian in my land"
It was said of
thy bruise" - Nahum 3:19 – TERMINAL TIDINGS!
vs. 26-27 – “This is the purpose that is purposed upon the
whole earth: and this is the hand that is stretched
out upon all the nations. For the Lord of hosts
hath purposed, and who shall disannul it? and His
hand is stretched out, and who shall turn it back?
v. 32 - "the Lord hath founded
poor of His people shall trust in it"
I recommend Spurgeon’s Sermon – Mr. Moody’s Text
(see Isaiah 12 – Spurgeon Sermon – Mr. Moody’s Text)
this web site.