ch. 16



vs. 1-14. — THE BURDEN OF MOAB (CONTINUED). This portion

of the “burden” is divided into three sections. In section 1 (from v. 1 to

the end of v. 5) an offer of mercy is made to Moab on certain conditions,

viz. that she return to her allegiance to the house of David, and show

kindness to fugitive Israelites. In section 2 (vs. 6-12) she is supposed to

have rejected this offer, and is threatened (as in Isaiah 15.) with severe

punishment. In section 3 (which consists of vs. 13 and 14) the time is

fixed for the main visitation to fall upon her.


"Excerpted text Copyright AGES Library, LLC. All rights reserved.

Materials are reproduced by permission." - (here and following):

vs. 1-5 - God's offer of mercy to the sinner - the spurning

            of the offer - repent later attitude - doubt whether

            God will punish severely as threatened - doubts

            as there to being any God at all


Leads to regret and remorse for such foolishness -

ch. 14:16 - like father - like son - punishment in

another world - "undying worm"  - "a fire that shall

never be quenched"


Would to God that they acted more prudently by

accepting God's offer of mercy as soon as it was

placed before them, forsaking their sins, repenting



v. 5 – “And in mercy shall the throne be established-  rather, and

there shall be a throne established in mercy. A Messianic vision comes

upon the prophet in connection with the disappearance of the oppressor.

There shall be one day — he knows not how soon or how late — a throne

established in mercy, and “One shall be seated upon it in truth, who. shall

occupy the tent [or, ‘house’] of David, as one who judges, and seeks

justice, and hastens on [the reign of] righteousness.”


v. 6 - "pride of Moab"    "his lies"


v. 10 - no gladness - no singing - no shouting - sadness

            of silence


v. 14 – “As the years of an hireling” - Counted with the utmost exactness.

A hireling would not consent to serve a day longer than his contract bound him,

nor would his master consent that he should serve a day short of it.



vs. 1-5. God’s Offer of Mercy to the Sinner.


Scarcely ever does God punish sin by a sudden unannounced visitation, or

without previous warning to the sinner of what is coming upon him. And

this warning is almost always accompanied by an offer of mercy. God has

no pleasure in the death of him that dieth (Ezekiel 18:32); He would

not that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance”

(2 Peter 3:9). And therefore He warns men. He warned even the ungodly

world before the Flood by the preaching of Noah; He warned the Ninevites

by Jonah; He now warned the Moabites by Isaiah; He warned the Jews of

later times by John the Baptist, by His Son, by the apostles. And all equally

in vain. (and I know He has warned you and me because Titus 2:11 says

“For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men” –

CY – 2009) - How often do we not see in cases of this kind —


I. THE OFFER MADE. Sometimes by an inward awakening of the

conscience, more often by preaching or teaching from without, the sinner is

startled, alarmed, made to see his sin and feel his danger. Mercy is offered

to him, if he will repent and amend; a course of conduct is placed before

him by which he may recover himself. But the course is unpleasing; it

involves pain and trouble. Pride has to be humbled in the dust, confession

and restitution have to be made, pet sins have to be surrendered, self-denial

has to be attempted, often the whole course of the life hitherto lived has to

be altered, and a new departure made from a new beginning. To the natural

man this seems hard, as to Moab the resumption of a tributary position; it

seems intolerable, impossible, not to be thought of. And, after a longer or a

shorter struggle, the second stage is reached —


II. THE OFFER SPURNED. The sinner desires mercy and forgiveness,

but he will not consent to pay the price. Immediate suffering, though not of

any great severity, seems harder to beat than the prospect of future intense

suffering. Or perhaps he flatters himself that the future suffering may be

escaped. He thinks that he may repent later; or he doubts whether God will

punish so severely as he has threatened; or he even doubts whether there is

any God at all. On one ground or another he spurns the offer made him —

puts it aside, ceases to think of it, practically rejects it. And then comes the

final result —



be in this life or in the next. That of nations must be in this life; that of

individuals may be in either, or in both. Usually — it is in both. Our sin

finds us out. Unpleasant physical consequences follow upon most sinful

indulgences. Others bring loss of character and of men’s respect. Others,

again, lead to poverty and earthly ruin. All are liable to be followed by

never-ending regret and remorse, feelings as painful as any known to man.

Further, the consciousness of ill desert cannot but arouse a fear of

judgment to come — a fear which, as death approaches, becomes often a

constant agonizing dread. To all this has to be added the punishment that in

another world awaits those who have spurned God’s offers in this world —

punishment shadowed out to us in Scripture under the images of the

undying worm,” and the “fire that never shall be quenched.” It is surely

worth while for sinners to ask themselves whether the enjoyment which

they derive from their sins is really of sufficient value to them to

compensate for all this weight of after suffering. Would they not act more

prudently, as welt as more virtuously, if they accepted God’s offer of

mercy as soon as it is placed before them, and forsook their sins at once,

and repented and turned to God?



Moab was a rolling plateau of rich pasture lands lying east of the Dead

Sea.  Moabites were descendants of Lot (Genesis 19:37), and thus a

kindred nation to the Jews.  A time limit is set on three years – v. 14 –

The cities named here were pillaged by Tiglath-pileser (744 B.C.),

by Sargon (713 B.C. )  and by Sennacherib (701 B.C.) – Isaiah

advises them to renew their allegiance to the House of David and

mentions the future Messiah – vs. 1-5.


Unfortunately, this appeal, like many to us, was ignored and

judgment came.


The Moabites had a hand in the founding of the House of David

in the person of Ruth.  For other prophecies  about Moab see

Jeremiah 48, Amos 2:1-3, Zephaniah 2:8-11.


Apparently, the main sin of Moab was pride, one of the seven

things God hates -  Proverbs 6:16-19


v. 6 – says that lies was involved also and “a lying tongue”

            is second on God’s list.


J. Vernon McGee says that the nation of Moab has disappeared

today but there are modern Moabites in spirit.  They are

those who make a profession of being the children of God

but actually have no vital relationship with Him.


They were neighbors of God’s people but never became

followers of God.   Modern Moabites are described in

II Timothy 3:5  - “Having a form of godliness, but denying

the power thereof:  from such turn away”.  Jude describes

them as “murmurers, complainers, walking after their

own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling words,

having men’s persons in admiration because of advantage”.


These modern Moabites pretend to be godly, but they are

not.  They flatter you with great swelling words when they

think they can get something from you, but drop you the

minute they find that they cannot get anything from you.


Moab was a dangerous friend to have.  It was never a

trusted ally of Israel.


Lucifer, the son of the morning, was also lifted up with

pride.  He wanted to lift his throne above the throne of

God.  He wanted to establish his own self-contained

kingdom and be independent of God.  Basically, this

is the position of all liberal theology.  Pride is the thing

that causes people to reject God’s Word and His

revelation.  Most people want a do-it-yourself religion.

They want to do something to be saved, because it

ministers to their pride.  Many accuse church members

of being hypocritical, selfish, and some actually anti-

God.  All this rests basically on the pride of the human

heart:  “we have turned every one to his own way” –

Isaiah 53:6.


Judgment came upon Moab.  This out-of-the-way

nation, entirely forgotten today, has left a message

for us.