vs. 1-14. —
THE BURDEN OF
of the “burden” is divided into three sections. In section 1 (from v. 1 to
end of v. 5) an offer of mercy is made to
viz. that she return to her allegiance to the house of David, and show
kindness to fugitive Israelites. In section 2 (vs. 6-12) she is supposed to
have rejected this offer, and is threatened (as in Isaiah 15.) with severe
punishment. In section 3 (which consists of vs. 13 and 14) the time is
fixed for the main visitation to fall upon her.
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vs. 1-5 - God's offer of mercy to the sinner - the spurning
of the offer - repent later attitude - doubt whether
God will punish severely as threatened - doubts
as there to being any God at all
Leads to regret and remorse for such foolishness -
ch. 14:16 - like father - like son - punishment in
another world - "undying worm" - "a fire that shall
never be quenched"
Would to God that they acted more prudently by
accepting God's offer of mercy as soon as it was
placed before them, forsaking their sins, repenting
and TURNING TO GOD!
v. 5 – “And in mercy shall the throne be established” - rather, and
there shall be a throne established in mercy. A Messianic vision comes
upon the prophet in connection with the disappearance of the oppressor.
There shall be one day — he knows not how soon or how late — a throne
established in mercy, and “One shall be seated upon it in truth, who. shall
occupy the tent [or, ‘house’] of David, as one who judges, and seeks
justice, and hastens on [the reign of] righteousness.”
v. 6 - "pride of
v. 10 - no gladness - no singing - no shouting - sadness
v. 14 – “As the years of an hireling” - Counted with the utmost exactness.
A hireling would not consent to serve a day longer than his contract bound him,
nor would his master consent that he should serve a day short of it.
vs. 1-5. — God’s Offer of Mercy to the Sinner.
Scarcely ever does God punish sin by a sudden unannounced visitation, or
without previous warning to the sinner of what is coming upon him. And
this warning is almost always accompanied by an offer of mercy. God has
“no pleasure in the death of him that dieth” (Ezekiel 18:32); He “would
not that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance”
(2 Peter 3:9). And therefore He warns men. He warned even the ungodly
world before the Flood by the preaching of Noah; He warned the Ninevites
by Jonah; He now warned the Moabites by Isaiah; He warned the Jews of
later times by John the Baptist, by His Son, by the apostles. And all equally
in vain. (and I know He has warned you and me because Titus 2:11 says
“For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men” –
CY – 2009) - How often do we not see in cases of this kind —
I. THE OFFER MADE. Sometimes by an inward awakening of the
conscience, more often by preaching or teaching from without, the sinner is
startled, alarmed, made to see his sin and feel his danger. Mercy is offered
to him, if he will repent and amend; a course of conduct is placed before
him by which he may recover himself. But the course is unpleasing; it
involves pain and trouble. Pride has to be humbled in the dust, confession
and restitution have to be made, pet sins have to be surrendered, self-denial
has to be attempted, often the whole course of the life hitherto lived has to
be altered, and a new departure made from a new beginning. To the natural
this seems hard, as to
seems intolerable, impossible, not to be thought of. And, after a longer or a
shorter struggle, the second stage is reached —
II. THE OFFER SPURNED. The sinner desires mercy and forgiveness,
but he will not consent to pay the price. Immediate suffering, though not of
any great severity, seems harder to beat than the prospect of future intense
suffering. Or perhaps he flatters himself that the future suffering may be
escaped. He thinks that he may repent later; or he doubts whether God will
punish so severely as he has threatened; or he even doubts whether there is
any God at all. On one ground or another he spurns the offer made him —
puts it aside, ceases to think of it, practically rejects it. And then comes the
final result —
III. THE SPURNING OF THE OFFER PUNISHED. Punishment may
be in this life or in the next. That of nations must be in this life; that of
individuals may be in either, or in both. Usually — it is in both. Our sin
finds us out. Unpleasant physical consequences follow upon most sinful
indulgences. Others bring loss of character and of men’s respect. Others,
again, lead to poverty and earthly ruin. All are liable to be followed by
never-ending regret and remorse, feelings as painful as any known to man.
Further, the consciousness of ill desert cannot but arouse a fear of
judgment to come — a fear which, as death approaches, becomes often a
constant agonizing dread. To all this has to be added the punishment that in
another world awaits those who have spurned God’s offers in this world —
punishment shadowed out to us in Scripture under the images of the
“undying worm,” and the “fire that never shall be quenched.” It is surely
worth while for sinners to ask themselves whether the enjoyment which
they derive from their sins is really of sufficient value to them to
compensate for all this weight of after suffering. Would they not act more
prudently, as welt as more virtuously, if they accepted God’s offer of
mercy as soon as it is placed before them, and forsook their sins at once,
and repented and turned to God?
Moab was a rolling plateau of rich pasture lands lying east of the Dead
Moabites were descendants of
kindred nation to the Jews. A time limit is set on three years – v. 14 –
The cities named here were pillaged by Tiglath-pileser (744 B.C.),
by Sargon (713 B.C. ) and by Sennacherib (701 B.C.) – Isaiah
advises them to renew their allegiance to the House of David and
mentions the future Messiah – vs. 1-5.
Unfortunately, this appeal, like many to us, was ignored and
The Moabites had a hand in the founding of the House of David
in the person of Ruth. For other prophecies about
Jeremiah 48, Amos 2:1-3, Zephaniah 2:8-11.
Apparently, the main
things God hates - Proverbs 6:16-19
v. 6 – says that lies was involved also and “a lying tongue”
is second on God’s list.
today but there are modern Moabites in spirit. They are
those who make a profession of being the children of God
but actually have no vital relationship with Him.
They were neighbors of God’s people but never became
followers of God. Modern Moabites are described in
II Timothy 3:5 - “Having a form of godliness, but denying
the power thereof: from such turn away”. Jude describes
them as “murmurers, complainers, walking after their
own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling words,
having men’s persons in admiration because of advantage”.
These modern Moabites pretend to be godly, but they are
not. They flatter you with great swelling words when they
think they can get something from you, but drop you the
minute they find that they cannot get anything from you.
trusted ally of
Lucifer, the son of the morning, was also lifted up with
pride. He wanted to lift his throne above the throne of
God. He wanted to establish his own self-contained
kingdom and be independent of God. Basically, this
is the position of all liberal theology. Pride is the thing
that causes people to reject God’s Word and His
revelation. Most people want a do-it-yourself religion.
They want to do something to be saved, because it
ministers to their pride. Many accuse church members
of being hypocritical, selfish, and some actually anti-
God. All this rests basically on the pride of the human
heart: “we have turned every one to his own way” –
Judgment came upon
nation, entirely forgotten today, has left a message