ch. 32





v. 1 – “Behold a king shall reign in righteousness” - Messiah’s rule will be a

             rule of strict justice and right, offering the strongest contrast to that

            under which the Jews have been living since the time of Jehoshaphat

            (Isaiah 1:15-23; 3:1-12).



                        Strict Justice a Characteristic of Messiah’s Kingdom


Whatever may be said, and said with truth, of the Divine mercy, still there

is no quality more characteristic of God’s rule over man than his justice.

“Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?” (Genesis 18:25); “God

is a righteous Judge” (Psalm 7:11); “He shall judge the world in

righteousness, and minister judgment to the people in uprightness

(Psalm 9:8). If this were not so, the whole foundations of morality

would fall. And Messiah’s rule was to be like God’s — was, in very truth,

to be God’s. It had, therefore, to be strictly just.


(Thus the great responsibility of judges to act like God – especially our

own Supreme Court which in the last 50 years has seemingly become

very ungodlike!  CY – 2009)  The precedent has been set by none other

than God Himself – “Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?”


v. 2 -  Compare Zechariah 6:12 where ish, a man, is used in the same vague

            way of One who is clearly the Messiah). There was never but one man

            who could be to other men all that is predicated in this verse of the “

            man” mentioned (Isaiah 25:4, where nearly the same epithets are

            predicated of God) and that is Jesus Christ.  A covert; i.e. a protection   

            against Divine wrath.   Such is Messiah in His mediatorial character.

            Rivers of water; i.e. refreshing and invigorating (comp. Isaiah 55:1;

            John 4:14; 7:37-38). The shadow of a great rock.  At once refreshing and           

            protecting (Isaiah 25:4).




  • a Hiding Place from the wind” – “For in the time of trouble He shall

hide me in His pavilion….He shall set me upon a rock”-

Psalm 27:5, “He that dwelleth in the secret place of the

Most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty”

– Psalm 91:1




  • “a covert (shelter) from the tempest” – from storm and rain, His

merits “cover up” our sins, and make atonement for them. 

His righteousness is the “white raiment”which clothes us,

so that the “shame of our nakedness doth not appear” –

Revelation 3:18


  • “as rivers of water in a dry place” - He pours upon us the refreshing

dew of his blessing.” He gives us to drink out of Himself;

and then “out of our belly there flow rivers of living water”

(John 7:37, 38). The water that He imparts to us is “a well of

water springing up into everlasting life” – (John 4:14). He is

unto us “a place of broad rivers and streams” (Isaiah 33:21),

refreshing, life-giving, exhaustless.


  • “as the Shadow of a Great Rock in a weary land” – Under the heat of the

world we have a Rock with us, a Rock which “follows us

and “that Rock is Christ” – (I Corinthians 10:4) In the

shadow of that Rock we may at any time, and at all times,

find rest, renovation, refreshment, protection, delight. The

traveler in the desert comes, once and again, upon “a great

rock,” as he plods his weary way over the vast solitude, and

rejoices at the sight, and toils for hours to reach the blessed

refuge of its shade.  SUCH IS CHRIST JESUS, OUR LORD



v. 3 – “The eyes of them that see shall not be dim-  In Messiah’s

kingdom there shall be no judicial blindness, such as that threatened in

Isaiah 6:9, 10, and described in Isaiah 29:10, 11; but men shall see

the truth clearly (comp.Isaiah 29:18; 35:5; Matthew 13:16) – “the ears.., shall

hearken” -  i.e. “shall both hear and understated” (compare“He that hath ears

to hear, let him hear” – Mark 4:9).


v. 4 – “The heart also of the rash” - of those who were rash and

hasty, who would not give themselves time to understand the warnings

addressed to them, or to think of the real character of their actions. These

shall, in Messiah’s kingdom, “have the gift of discernment to perceive

things in their true nature”  - “the tongue of the stammerers -

The tongue of those who hitherto have spoken hesitatingly and

inconsistently on moral and religions subjects shall be ready — i.e.,

prompt and eager — to speak upon them with clearness and elegance. The

grace given to the uneducated fishermen of Galilee enabled them to preach

and teach gospel truth, not only with clearness, but with refinement.





v. 5 – “The vile person shall be no more called liberal” - rather, the

foolish person — as nabal is commonly translated (Deuteronomy 32:6;

2 Samuel 3:33; 13:13; Psalm 14:1; 39:8; 74:22, etc.) — such a man as the

Nabal” of 1 Samuel 25. Men are apt to confound moral distinctions, and to

call the “fools” who waste their substance in feasting and revelry “generous” or

liberal,” and the niggards (churls) who hoard their riches “warm men,”

wealthy men,” “men well to do in the world” (see Isaiah 5:20).  This perversion

of truth shall not obtain in Messiah’s  kingdom – “bountiful” -  rather, wealthy

 (comp. Job 34:19, where the same word is translated “rich”).

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v. 6 – The prophet seems to have the portrait of Nabal (I Samuel 25) in his

            mind and to take him as the type of a class. 


vs. 9-12 - A REBUKE OF THE WOMEN. It might seem at first sight

as if we had here a detached utterance of the prophet, accidentally

conjoined with the preceding passage (vs. 1-8). But vs. 15-18 furnish a

link of connection between the two portions of the chapter, and make it

probable that they were delivered at the same time. Mr. Cheyne supposes

that the indifference of a knot (a cluster of people or things) of women,

gathered at some little distance from the men to whom Isaiah had

addressed vs. 1-8, provoked the prophet suddenly to turn to them, and

speak to them in terms of warning.



COMFORTING PROMISES. The women require, like the men, to be both

warned and comforted, wherefore the prophet addresses to them, as to the

men in Isaiah 30. and 31., an intermixture of threatening (vs. 13, 14) with

promise (vs. 15-20).


vs. 15-18 - God's favor, at one with God, at one with

            fellow man - feeling of community - respect for

            all - kindness, courtesy, sympathy, consideration,


The complete result has not been seen as yet, because men

have resisted God's Spirit!


v. 15 – “Until-  The expression “until” modifies the previous “forever,”

showing that the desolation was not always to continue “the Spirit be

poured upon us from on high” -  An effluence from the Holy Spirit of God

on individuals of eminence, prophets, kings, artificers, to fit them for their

tasks, is recognized in many of the earlier books of Scripture, and

especially in the Davidical psalms. But a general effluence of the Spirit of

holiness on a nation, to produce a change of heart, seems to be first

announced by Isaiah. The nearly contemporary prophecy of Joel (Joel

2:28, 29) is, perhaps, as wide in its scope, but limited to the prophetic gift,

which is not necessarily conjoined with spiritual-minded-ness or holiness of

life. Isaiah, the “evangelical prophet,” first teaches that the conversion of a

nation is God’s work, effected by the Holy Spirit, and effectual to the

entire change of the heart of a people.


v. 16 – “Then judgment shall dwell in the wilderness” - In all parts of

the kingdom of Christ, the lowest as well as the highest, “judgment” and

righteousness” shall prevail (comp. v. 1).


v. 17 – “the work of righteousness shall be peace” - Peace — a true

peace, not a false one (Jeremiah 6:14) — shall be the result of the reign

of righteousness. War, quarrels, enmity, hostile feelings, are all of them the

fruit of unrighteousness. In the kingdom of the Messiah, just so far forth as

it is thoroughly established, “the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of

them that make peace” (James 3:18) – “the effect of righteousness” -

literally, the service of righteousness, which perhaps means here “the

wages of righteousness.” – “quietness and assurance for ever”-  or, quietness

 and confidence (comp.Isaiah 30:15). The final happiness of the blessed in

Christ’s kingdom is always spoken of as a state of “rest and quietness” (see

Psalm 95:11; Job 3:17; Jeremiah 6:16; Matthew 11:28; Hebrews 4:9-11, etc.).

The “confidence” felt would be an assured confidence, not a rash and foolish

one, like that of the women of vs. 10, 11.


                        The Fruits of the Spirit in a Community.


The first result of the effluence of the Holy Spirit on man is fruitfulness:

the wilderness becomes a fruitful field, and the fruitful field a forest.” The

dry ground of a stony heart is changed into a cultivated garden, which

brings forth much fruit.” (John 15:5) The heart which already bore some

fruit is “purged, that it may bring forth more fruit” (John 15:2). Then, when

individuals have been thus changed and “purged” and perfected one by

one, judgment and righteousness “dwell” in the land the King “reigns in

righteousness,” and His princes rule in judgment” far and wide there is a

reign of justice, right, equity. Next comes a further consequence. “The

work of righteousness is peace,” peace subjective and objective, in the

heart and in the life — the peace of quiet consciences assured of God’s

favor, knowing that their sins are atoned for, and feeling that they are at

one with God; and the peace of internal concord and agreement among all

members of the community, mutual respect of class towards class, and of

man towards man, general good will of all towards all, kindliness, courtesy,

ready aid, sympathy, consideration. The complete result has not been seen

as yet, because men have resisted God’s Spirit, and the copious outpouring

of it, which He is willing to give, has never yet been given. But if this

impediment were removed, if God’s Spirit had free course, and a kingdom

or society of perfectly virtuous men were once formed, in such a state there

would be no such thing as faction; they would share rule among themselves

without envy. Each of these would have the part assigned him to which his

genius was peculiarly adapted; and others, who had not any distinguished genius,

would be safe, and think themselves very happy, by being under the protection

and guidance of those who had.  Public determinations would really be the result

of the united wisdom of the community; and they would be faithfully executed by

the united strength of it. Injustice, whether by fraud or force, would be unknown

among themselves, for cunning and false self-interest, confederacies in injustice,

would be found mere childish folly and weakness, when set in opposition against

wisdom, public spirit, union inviolable, and fidelity on the other.  Add the general

influence, which such a kingdom would have over the face of the earth, by way of

example particularly, and the reverence which would be paid it. It would plainly be

superior to all others, and the world must gradually come under its empire;

not by means of lawless violence, but partly by what must be allowed to be

just conquest, and partly by other kingdoms submitting themselves

voluntarily to it, throughout a course of ages, and claiming its protection,

one after another, in successive exigencies. The head of it would be a

universal monarch, in another sense than any mortal has as yet been; and

the Eastern style would be literally applicable to Him, that all people nations,

and languages should serve Him”


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                                    ADDITIONAL THOUGHTS


Christ is a Hiding-Place from the wind! – “Rock of Ages, cleft for me, Let

me hide myself in Thee” – HAVE YOU TRUSTED CHRIST?  TODAY



YOUR LIFE?  LOOK TO JESUS AND LIVE!  Charles Haddon Spurgeon

was converted by this passage – “Look unto me and be ye saved, all the ends

of the earth:  for I am God, and there is none else” – Isaiah 45:22


All it takes is a “look” – that is not hard – anyone can “look” – “Whosoever

calleth upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” – Romans 10:13


 Whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely” – Revelation 22:17