vs. 1-8 - A PROPHECY OF MESSIAH’S KINGDOM
v. 1 – “Behold a king shall reign in righteousness” - Messiah’s rule will be a
rule of strict justice and right, offering the strongest contrast to that
under which the Jews have been living since the time of Jehoshaphat –
(Isaiah 1:15-23; 3:1-12).
Strict Justice a Characteristic of Messiah’s Kingdom
Whatever may be said, and said with truth, of the Divine mercy, still there
is no quality more characteristic of God’s rule over man than his justice.
“Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?” (Genesis 18:25); “God
is a righteous Judge” (Psalm 7:11); “He shall judge the world in
righteousness, and minister judgment to the people in uprightness
(Psalm 9:8). If this were not so, the whole foundations of morality
would fall. And Messiah’s rule was to be like God’s — was, in very truth,
to be God’s. It had, therefore, to be strictly just.
(Thus the great responsibility of judges to act like God – especially our
own Supreme Court which in the last 50 years has seemingly become
very ungodlike! CY – 2009) The precedent has been set by none other
than God Himself – “Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?”
v. 2 - Compare Zechariah 6:12 where ish, a man, is used in the same vague
way of One who is clearly the Messiah). There was never but one man
who could be to other men all that is predicated in this verse of the “
man” mentioned (Isaiah 25:4, where nearly the same epithets are
predicated of God) and that is Jesus Christ. A covert; i.e. a protection
against Divine wrath. Such is Messiah in His mediatorial character.
Rivers of water; i.e. refreshing and invigorating (comp. Isaiah 55:1;
John 4:14; 7:37-38). The shadow of a great rock. At once refreshing and
protecting (Isaiah 25:4).
hide me in His pavilion….He shall set me upon a rock”-
Psalm 27:5, “He that dwelleth in the secret place of the
Most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty”
– Psalm 91:1
merits “cover up” our sins, and make atonement for them.
His righteousness is the “white raiment”which clothes us,
so that the “shame of our nakedness doth not appear” –
“dew of his blessing.” He gives us to drink out of Himself;
and then “out of our belly there flow rivers of living water”
(John 7:37, 38). The water that He imparts to us is “a well of
water springing up into everlasting life” – (John 4:14). He is
unto us “a place of broad rivers and streams” (Isaiah 33:21),
refreshing, life-giving, exhaustless.
world we have a Rock with us, a Rock which “follows us”
and “that Rock is Christ” – (I Corinthians 10:4) In the
shadow of that Rock we may at any time, and at all times,
find rest, renovation, refreshment, protection, delight. The
traveler in the desert comes, once and again, upon “a great
rock,” as he plods his weary way over the vast solitude, and
rejoices at the sight, and toils for hours to reach the blessed
refuge of its shade. SUCH IS CHRIST JESUS, OUR LORD
v. 3 – “The eyes of them that see shall not be dim” - In Messiah’s
kingdom there shall be no judicial blindness, such as that threatened in
Isaiah 6:9, 10, and described in Isaiah 29:10, 11; but men shall see
the truth clearly (comp.Isaiah 29:18; 35:5; Matthew 13:16) – “the ears.., shall
hearken” - i.e. “shall both hear and understated” (compare“He that hath ears
to hear, let him hear” – Mark 4:9).
v. 4 – “The heart also of the rash” - of those who were rash and
hasty, who would not give themselves time to understand the warnings
addressed to them, or to think of the real character of their actions. These
shall, in Messiah’s kingdom, “have the gift of discernment to perceive
things in their true nature” - “the tongue of the stammerers -
The tongue of those who hitherto have spoken hesitatingly and
inconsistently on moral and religions subjects shall be ready — i.e.,
prompt and eager — to speak upon them with clearness and elegance. The
grace given to the uneducated fishermen of
and teach gospel truth, not only with clearness, but with refinement.
v. 5 – “The vile person shall be no more called liberal” - rather, the
foolish person — as nabal is commonly translated (Deuteronomy 32:6;
2 Samuel 3:33; 13:13; Psalm 14:1; 39:8; 74:22, etc.) — such a man as the
“Nabal” of 1 Samuel 25. Men are apt to confound moral distinctions, and to
call the “fools” who waste their substance in feasting and revelry “generous” or
“liberal,” and the niggards (churls) who hoard their riches “warm men,”
“wealthy men,” “men well to do in the world” (see Isaiah 5:20). This perversion
of truth shall not obtain in Messiah’s kingdom – “bountiful” - rather, wealthy
(comp. Job 34:19, where the same word is translated “rich”).
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v. 6 – The prophet seems to have the portrait of Nabal (I Samuel 25) in his
mind and to take him as the type of a class.
vs. 9-12 - A REBUKE OF THE WOMEN. It might seem at first sight
as if we had here a detached utterance of the prophet, accidentally
conjoined with the preceding passage (vs. 1-8). But vs. 15-18 furnish a
link of connection between the two portions of the chapter, and make it
probable that they were delivered at the same time. Mr. Cheyne supposes
that the indifference of a knot (a cluster of people or things) of women,
gathered at some little distance from the men to whom Isaiah had
addressed vs. 1-8, provoked the prophet suddenly to turn to them, and
speak to them in terms of warning.
vs. 13-20 - A FURTHER MINGLING OF THREATS WITH
COMFORTING PROMISES. The women require, like the men, to be both
warned and comforted, wherefore the prophet addresses to them, as to the
men in Isaiah 30. and 31., an intermixture of threatening (vs. 13, 14) with
promise (vs. 15-20).
vs. 15-18 - God's favor, at one with God, at one with
fellow man - feeling of community - respect for
all - kindness, courtesy, sympathy, consideration,
The complete result has not been seen as yet, because men
have resisted God's Spirit!
v. 15 – “Until” - The expression “until” modifies the previous “forever,”
showing that the desolation was not always to continue “the Spirit be
poured upon us from on high” - An effluence from the Holy Spirit of God
on individuals of eminence, prophets, kings, artificers, to fit them for their
tasks, is recognized in many of the earlier books of Scripture, and
especially in the Davidical psalms. But a general effluence of the Spirit of
holiness on a nation, to produce a change of heart, seems to be first
announced by Isaiah. The nearly contemporary prophecy of Joel (Joel
2:28, 29) is, perhaps, as wide in its scope, but limited to the prophetic gift,
which is not necessarily conjoined with spiritual-minded-ness or holiness of
life. Isaiah, the “evangelical prophet,” first teaches that the conversion of a
nation is God’s work, effected by the Holy Spirit, and effectual to the
entire change of the heart of a people.
v. 16 – “Then judgment shall dwell in the wilderness” - In all parts of
“righteousness” shall prevail (comp. v. 1).
v. 17 – “the work of righteousness shall be peace” - Peace — a true
peace, not a false one (Jeremiah 6:14) — shall be the result of the reign
of righteousness. War, quarrels, enmity, hostile feelings, are all of them the
fruit of unrighteousness. In the kingdom of the Messiah, just so far forth as
it is thoroughly established, “the fruit of righteousness is sown in peace of
them that make peace” (James 3:18) – “the effect of righteousness” -
literally, the service of righteousness, which perhaps means here “the
wages of righteousness.” – “quietness and assurance for ever”- or, quietness
and confidence (comp.Isaiah 30:15). The final happiness of the blessed in
Christ’s kingdom is always spoken of as a state of “rest and quietness” (see
Psalm 95:11; Job 3:17; Jeremiah 6:16; Matthew 11:28; Hebrews 4:9-11, etc.).
The “confidence” felt would be an assured confidence, not a rash and foolish
one, like that of the women of vs. 10, 11.
The Fruits of the Spirit in a Community.
The first result of the effluence of the Holy Spirit on man is fruitfulness:
“the wilderness becomes a fruitful field, and the fruitful field a forest.” The
dry ground of a stony heart is changed into a cultivated garden, which
“brings forth much fruit.” (John 15:5) The heart which already bore some
fruit is “purged, that it may bring forth more fruit” (John 15:2). Then, when
individuals have been thus changed and “purged” and perfected one by
one, judgment and righteousness “dwell” in the land — the King “reigns in
righteousness,” and His “princes rule in judgment” far and wide there is a
reign of justice, right, equity. Next comes a further consequence. “The
work of righteousness is peace,” peace subjective and objective, in the
heart and in the life — the peace of quiet consciences assured of God’s
favor, knowing that their sins are atoned for, and feeling that they are at
one with God; and the peace of internal concord and agreement among all
members of the community, mutual respect of class towards class, and of
man towards man, general good will of all towards all, kindliness, courtesy,
ready aid, sympathy, consideration. The complete result has not been seen
as yet, because men have resisted God’s Spirit, and the copious outpouring
of it, which He is willing to give, has never yet been given. But if this
impediment were removed, if God’s Spirit had free course, and a kingdom
or society of perfectly virtuous men were once formed, in such a state there
would be no such thing as faction; they would share rule among themselves
without envy. Each of these would have the part assigned him to which his
genius was peculiarly adapted; and others, who had not any distinguished genius,
would be safe, and think themselves very happy, by being under the protection
and guidance of those who had. Public determinations would really be the result
of the united wisdom of the community; and they would be faithfully executed by
the united strength of it. Injustice, whether by fraud or force, would be unknown
among themselves, for cunning and false self-interest, confederacies in injustice,
would be found mere childish folly and weakness, when set in opposition against
wisdom, public spirit, union inviolable, and fidelity on the other. Add the general
influence, which such a kingdom would have over the face of the earth, by way of
example particularly, and the reverence which would be paid it. It would plainly be
superior to all others, and the world must gradually come under its empire;
not by means of lawless violence, but partly by what must be allowed to be
just conquest, and partly by other kingdoms submitting themselves
voluntarily to it, throughout a course of ages, and claiming its protection,
one after another, in successive exigencies. The head of it would be a
universal monarch, in another sense than any mortal has as yet been; and
the Eastern style would be literally applicable to Him, that all people nations,
and languages should serve Him”
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Christ is a Hiding-Place from the wind! – “Rock of Ages, cleft for me, Let
me hide myself in Thee” – HAVE YOU TRUSTED CHRIST? TODAY
IS THE DAY OF SALVATION – LOOK TO JESUS AND LIVE! ARE
YOU TROUBLED BY THE THINGS GOING ON IN THE WORLD OR
YOUR LIFE? LOOK TO JESUS AND LIVE! Charles Haddon Spurgeon
was converted by this passage – “Look unto me and be ye saved, all the ends
of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else” – Isaiah 45:22
All it takes is a “look” – that is not hard – anyone can “look” – “Whosoever
calleth upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” – Romans 10:13
“Whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely” – Revelation 22:17