Isaiah 43




AND DELIVERANCE. Severe rebuke (Isaiah 42:18-25) is followed,

as so often in Isaiah (Isaiah 1:25-27; 4:2-6; 9:1-16), by comfort

and consolation. Israel is assured that God has not cast him off, and

promised the comfort of the Divine presence during the existing tribulation

(v. 2), and. a speedy restoration to Palestine (vs. 3-7). The scattered

Israelites will be brought together from all quarters by the Divine



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vs. 1-2 -  An ascending series of benefits  - "created thee...

formed thee....redeemed thee... called thee by name"


v. 2 – “I will be with thee through the waters….through the rivers…

            through the fire ch. 24:15


neither shall the flame kindle upon thee”  - literally fulfilled in

Daniel 3:27


v. 3 - "I am the Lord thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Savior"


vs. 5-8 - the scattered Israelites will be brought

            together from all quarters of the earth by

            Divine Omnipotency


V. 6 – “bring my sons from far  -  The nations are called upon, not merely

            to  let Israel go,” but to conduct and escort them from the places

            of their abode to their own country.



v. 7 –“Every one that is called by my name” - The very name of

Israel” meant “prince of God,” or “soldier of God,” and thus every

Israelite was “called by God’s name.” Israelites were also known among

the nations as Jehovah-worshippers (see the Moabite Stone, line 18) – “I

have created… formed… made him (comp. v. 1). “The three verbs

describe the process of formation from the first rough cutting to the

perfecting of the work” (Cheyne). The third verb would, perhaps, be best

translated. “I have perfected,” or “I have completed (him).” All three acts

- CREATION – FORMATION – COMPLETION are done by God for His

own glory (comp. Proverbs 16:4).


Every thing, as it issued from God’s hand, was so made to show forth and

proclaim His glorious and unapproachable majesty, power and greatness!



The nations are once more challenged (comp. Isaiah 41:1, 21-26) to set

forth the claims of their gods against those of Jehovah. Israel is summoned

on the one hand (v. 8); the nations on the other (v. 9). What prophecy

can the nations produce, either old or new? The Israelites can abundantly

witness on behalf of Jehovah (v. 10). Jehovah adds a further witness of

Himself (vs. 11-13).



v. 9 - "let them hear, and say, It is truth"


True religion is the only safeguard for law, order

and morality!


v. 10a - witnesses for Jehovah - Israel and the “my Servant whom I have



The “Servant” intended can only be the one true Servant of Isaiah 42:1-7, since

faithful Israel is already among the witnesses. In the great controversy ever going

on between those who are for God and those who are against Him, on the side of

God are:

  • faithful Israel: and
  • Christ, the “Faithful Witness”


(Revelation 1:5; 3:14), who “came into the world that he should bear

witness of the truth” (John 18:37). These are the two witnesses by

whom God’s truth is maintained in a world of falsehood and delusion.

that ye may know” - The subject is changed. “Ye” here points to “the

nations,” or mankind at large. I am He (comp.Isaiah 41:4).  before me

there was no God formed - All other gods beside me are “formed” gods

— invented, fashioned, made by men. None of them was ever made before




Israel has been at all times, and still is, one of the most important witnesses

for God that exists in the world. Like the Church, Israel is the “witness and

keeper” of a large portion of “Holy Writ.” Her past history witnesses for

God.  Her continued existence and present condition constitute additional testimony.


Christianity has much to share of the Second and Third

Persons of the Trinity of which Judaism knows nothing!



vs. 10-15 - Jehovah witnesses for Himself


Find a thing which has created itself?

If you had no existence, how could you create yourself?

How can a man recreate himself?

A man cannot create himself into a new condition

when he, himself, has not being in that condition!



                                                Charles H. Spurgeon


Witnesses against God - The nations of Isaiah's time and in later ages who

"did not like to retain God in their knowledge" (Romans 1) had been given

over to "a reprobate mind" and lost the power of conceiving of a pure,

holy and all-perfect Being and when presented with Him  - As to the Great

Commission – they often reject it and prefer their own familiar ideas of gods

more on a level with themselves - Psalm 50:21


Thus forgetting or ignoring Him from whom they derive

power to speak, think or act??


And then there are the  practically irreligious among

those who are among those servants of God   - the most

injurious  to mankind - unworthy professors of belief

in Him - confessing with the lips but denying with the

life and do Him the greatest disservice possible.


Christianity would have long ago overspread this

world had it not been for the vicious lives of professing

Christians  - the testimony of acts takes away the testimony

of their words and changes them from witnesses for God

into most persuasive witnesses against Him?



GENERATION"  Acts 2:40b




preceding “controversy” with a reference to His own power to work great

results (v. 13), Jehovah now brings forward two examplesthe

discomfiture of Babylon (vs. 14, 15), and the recovery and restoration of

Israel (vs. 16-21), both of which He is about to accomplish.




v. 18 – “Remember ye not the former things” - The old deliverance

will be as nothing compared with the new. Israel must cast its eye

forwards, not backwards.  (comp. Jeremiah 23:7-8) - note that “the chief

glories of the second manifestation are spiritual.” Israel in the wilderness

was a stiff-necked and rebellious people, given to murmuring, licentiousness,

and idolatry. Israel, returned from Babylon, will no more hanker after idols,

but will have God’s Law “put in their inward parts” (Jeremiah 31:33), and will

show forth God’s praise” (v. 21).


v. 21 – “they shall shew forth my praise” by a life in accordance with my




FOR ITS PAST OMISSIONS AND SINS. The thought of Israel in the

future, redeemed, restored, and “telling out God’s praise” (v. 21), raises

naturally the contrasted thought of Israel in the present and the past,

disobedient, full of shortcomings (vs. 22-24), too often guilty of overt

acts of sin (vs. 24-28). While reproaching His people, and reminding them

that the exile is the well-merited punishment of their past offences (vs. 27,

28), God still promises them pardon if they will appeal to his covenant of

mercy (vs. 25, 26)


v. 22 - the Jews have never been greatly given to

            prayer - they were a practical people, active,

            energetic, hard working, busily employed in

            handicrafts, commerce, agriculture  - David

            and Daniel are exceptions to the general rule -


"thou has been weary of me" – too busy or too tire to pray!!!????


All prayer may be regarded as a sort of offering and

withholding it is withholding sacrifice  - Hos. 14:2  


vs. 24-26 - The sins of Israel pressed upon Jehovah

            as a burden does a servant.


This is a part of the fundamental idea running through the third part of

Isaiah, closely connected with the mediatorial office of the “Servant of the

Lord,” who “bare the sin of many” (Isaiah 53:12), and on whom “the Lord

laid the iniquity of us all” (Isaiah 53:6). Israel, both during the Captivity and

before, had accumulated a heavy load of sin, not merely by negligence, but

by overt acts of guilt (see Isaiah 1:4, 15, 21-23).


"I am He that blotteth out thy transgressions"




"Put me in remembrance"  - remind me - you

will be "justified"




Self-justification - Prideare barriers which shut

men out from God and place them on a par with

the fallen angels to "whom is reserved the blackness

of darkness forever"  - Jude 13


Romans 10:1-3


I John 1:7,9



                                                ADDITIONAL NOTES





In the present chapter of Isaiah, Jehovah, while citing as witnesses the Jewish

Church, and His Servant, i.e. Christ (v. 10), goes on to bear His own testimony

to His own greatness and unapproachableness. “I am He: before me there was

no God formed, neither shall there be after me. I, even I, am Jehovah; and

beside me there is no SaviourYea, before the day was, I am He; there is

none that can deliver out of my hand: I will work, and who shall reverse it?”

(vs. 10-13). And does not the Father bear the same testimony to Himself

in the soul of each of us.? Is the general recognition of something high and

holy external to us, “making for righteousness,” anything but the Father

speaking in us and bearing witness of Himself in our heart of hearts? Has He

not thus spoken always to all the teachable ones of His myriads upon

myriads of human creatures, besides providing external testimony, making

Himself also an internal witness to his own Being?


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“The fool has said in his heart, There is no God.” – Psalm 14:1


The Final Deliverance of God’s People is a Deliverance from Sin. 


The Final Israel of God will be “a Glorious Church, not having Spot or

Wrinkle, or any Such Thing” – Ephesians 5:27