The connection of the present section is especially with Isaiah 42:1-7,
where the mission of the Servant of Jehovah was first announced. That
mission was there described with extreme brevity. It has now to be fully set
forth, for the instruction, consolation, and comfort of all
represented as sunk in despondency, deeming itself forgotten of God and
forsaken by Him (vs. 13, 14). In the present chapter Jehovah’s attestation
His Servant’s mission is set forth (vs. 1-12), and
her despondency (vs. 13-26).
vs. 1-12 -JEHOVAH’S ATTESTATION OF HIS SERVANT’S
name; made His mouth a sharp sword; held Him in His hand; caused Him to
be a polished weapon; appointed Him His Servant; assured Him of a right
a recompense; appointed Him, not only to
restore and recover
but to be a Light to the Gentiles, and to give salvation to the ends of the
world (vs. 1-6); chose Him (v. 7); will help Him (v. 8); through Him
will both deliver the captive everywhere (v. 9), and cause joy to break
out in every part of heaven and earth (vs. 11-13). It is quite impossible
that these things can be said of aught but a person, or of any person other
than Him in whom all the nations of the earth were to be blessed
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vs. 1-3 – “Listen….hearken, ye people, from far” – the whole world is
summoned to hear of the mission of the Servant of Jehovah –
“The Lord hath called me from the womb”Isaiah could not have
said this of himself, for his “call” took place when he was of mature
age. But Christ was designated for His office from the womb
(Luke 1:31-33). He was also still “in the womb of His mother”
when the name of Jesus was given to Him (Matthew 1:21,
“Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: Who, being in
the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: But made
Himself of no reputation, and took upon Him the form of a servant, and
was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man,
He humbled Himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of
the cross. Wherefore God also hath highly exalted Him, and given Him a
name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee
should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the
earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to
the glory of God the Father.” (Philippians 2:5-11)
“in whom I will be glorified” - (comp. John 13:31, “Now is the Son of man
glorified, and God is glorified in Him”). He who is “the Brightness of the
Father’s glory” sets forth that glory before men, and causes them to glorify
him, both with their tongues and in their lives.
v. 5 - “yet shall I be glorious in the eyes of the Lord, and my God shall be
vs. 6b-7 – God is faithful in the performance of His promises
and the Redeemer so long announced is about to appear
God has appointed Him, not only to recover and restore Israel, but to be a
Light to the Gentiles, and to the give salvation to the ends of the world.
It is too “light a thing” to have rewarded the labors of Jesus
with the conversion of the Jews only - God gave Him a
recompense of the gathering in of the Gentiles also and
made Him a means of salvation to the uttermost ends of
The gospel is for the world at large – there is no difference in the
Jew or the Greek or barbarian – “CHRIST IS ALL IN ALL” - Col. 3:11
“Thus saith the Lord, the
Him whom man despiseth, to Him, whom the nation abhoreth” - there
is such an antagonism between sin and holiness, that the ungodly
everywhere and in all ages detest the godly and the virtuous.
Mankind at large dislikes a “Holy One”, since He is a perpetual
reproach to them - (See I John 3:12)
v. 8 - “I will preserve thee, and give thee for a covenant
of the people”
vs. 9-10 – The prisoners are the servants of sin all over the world –
He would summon them by His messengers to repent and
be converted and quit the service of sin, and “go forth” from
the kingdom of darkness and “show themselves” as lights
of the world. (Matthew 5:14, Philippians 2:15, Ephesians 5:8)
vs. 13-26 -
the future is thus glorious, both for the “Servant of the Lord” and for His
but the people of God - desponds and says, “Jehovah has forsaken me,
and my Lord hath forgotten me” (v. 14). This burst of grief, though
arising from weakness of faith, is forgiven by the compassion of God, and
chapter (vs. 15-26).
v. 13 – There is cause for joy to break out in every part of heaven & earth!
vs. 15-16b - The love of God surpasses that of father or mother -
“When my father and my mother forsake me, then the
Lord will take me up” - Ps. 27:10
“God is love” (1 John 4:8) in His very essence; and His infinite love is deeper,
tenderer, truer, than finite love can ever be. Still, that which is nearest to it
upon earth is, doubtless, the love of a mother for her children (Isaiah 66:13).
“Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of my hands” - The metaphor
which he uses is no doubt drawn from the practice, common both in ancient
and in modern days, of burning or puncturing figures and other mementos
upon the hand, the arm, or some other part of the body, and then rendering
the figures indelible by rubbing in henna, indigo, gunpowder, or some other
colored substance. The meaning
here is that God has the thought of
constantly present with Him as if her image were indelibly marked on the
palms of His hands.
That there is a witness for God in almost every land — a witness which
testifies unceasingly to the existence, power, and goodness of the
Almighty; to the free offer of redemption through his Son, and to the free
gift of sanctification through his Spirit.
v. 19 – “shall even be now too narrow” - The object of the prophet is simply
to mark the vast growth of the Church, which would necessarily spread itself
far beyond the limits of
for its habitation.
vs. 20-22 - the Gentiles shall replace those many faithless
Israelites who refused to come back after the Captivity.
It is certain that the Jewish Church did not at first altogether welcome the
incoming of the Gentiles (Acts 11:1-3; 15:1-11;Galatians 2:11-14). But the
guidance of the Holy Spirit surmounted the difficulty (Acts 15:28).
The transformation from a national to a world-wide church -
a multitude which no man can number “of all nations, and
kindreds, and people, and tongues” - praising Him and ready
to do His pleasure for ever.
Paul says in Ephesians 3:4-6 that this (the church age)
was not revealed in earlier ages.
v. 23 – “they shall not be ashamed that wait for me”
vs. – 23 and 26 – “THOU shalt know that I am the Lord” ……ALL
FLESH shall know that I THE LORD AM THY SAVIOR AND
THY REDEEMER, THE MIGHTY ONE OF JACOB”
(See Ezekiel – Study of God’s Use of the Word Know file – this web site)