Isaiah 54




OF GOD’S PERSISTENT PROTECTION. There is no close connection

between this chapter and the last, or even between this section and the

preceding. vs. 1-5 take up the thought of Isaiah 49:19-21, and

expand it. Israel is assured of a great enlargement of her numbers, and

bidden to rejoice thereat. She is then further comforted with a promise

that she shall never be forsaken (vs. 6-10).


vs. 1-3 – Israel will have so many more children that her “tent” will

            need enlarging  - “thy seed shall inherit the Gentiles” – The

            Christian Church is viewed as a continuation of the Jewish

            Church; and the conversion of nation after nation to the

            gospel is regarded as the extension of the Jewish dominion

            over fresh lands.


v. 4 – “for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth, and shalt not

            remember the reproach of thy widowhood any more” - Israel

            became a widow when God withdrew His Presence and the

            Shechinah disappeared from the temple and Jerusalem became a

            desolation and the people went into Captivity


Ezekiel traces this departure in stages:


  • We find God in His temple – chps. 1:28, 3:23, 8:4


  • We see God having removed to the threshold or door of the temple –

      chps. 9:3, 10:4


  • Jehovah departs from the temple through the door of the east gate –

      ch. 10:18-19


  • Jehovah leaves the city of Jerusalem and stood upon the mountain on

      the east side of the city – ch. 11:23 – Jesus tradition says the Lord

      waited for three years, hoping for repentance, before the final



  • The departure has the east gate of the Lord’s house for its

            starting point. By that gate, in the later vision of the restored temple,

            the glory of the Lord was to return (Ezekiel 43:4).






Remember – no one can come to the Father without the Spirit draws him!


See Ezekiel 43 – this web site for a closer look at the above.



v. 5 – “For thy Maker is thine husband; the Lord of hosts is His name;

            and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole

            earth shall He be called”


vs. 7-8 - "for a small moment have I forsaken thee"


The seventy years of the Captivity were but as a moment

in time compared with the long ages during which God

had tenderly watched over and protected His people  -

still more when compared to eternity during which He

was now to show Himself their Guardian and Protector.


v. 9a - The Babylonian Captivity is at it were a

            repetition of the calamity of the Deluge in God's



v. 10 - everything material may fail, depart, perish; but

            God's promises remain firm and secure for ever!


Jesus said “Heaven and earth shall pass away but my words shall

not pass away” -  Matthew 24:35



HAPPINESS OF ITS INHABITANTS. Hitherto Israel has been

addressed; now the direct object of address is Jerusalem. The eye of the

prophet passes, however, with a glance, from the actual present to the far

distant future, and sees the Zion of God in her heavenly setting, all

bedecked with precious stones, as she was seen by the exile of Patmos

more than seven centuries later (Revelation 21:16-21). After briefly

describing the heavenly city, he passes to her inhabitants, and promises

them peace, protection, and righteousness.



vs. 11-12 - Revelation 21:16-21


sapphire is the hue of heaven - Ezek. 1:26, 10:1,


sapphire was the foundation on which the throne of God appeared

to be set, when it was seen by Moses, Aaron and the seventy elders –

Exodus 24:10

v. 13 – “All thy children shall be taught of the Lord” - (comp. Isaiah 44:3;

Jeremiah 31:33, 34; Ezekiel 11:19; Joel 2:28; Acts 2:17, 18). Christians

are all of them “taught of God” (John 6:45; 1 Thessalonians 4:9). The

anointing,” which they have from the Holy Ghost, “teaches them, and is

truth, and is no lie” (1 John 2:27), and causes them to “know all things”

(1 John 2:20). “And great shall be the peace of thy children-  Messiah

 was to be “the Prince of Peace” (Isaiah 9:6). His birth heralded the coming

of “peace on earth” (Luke 2:14). So far forth as men are true Christians,

does peace reign in the conscience and show itself in the life. Externally there

may be persecution, tumult, wars, fightings; but internally, in each heart, there

will be a “peace that passes all understanding” (Philippians 4:7). God

“keeps in perfect peace” those” whose minds are stayed on him” (Isaiah



v. 14 – “In righteousness shalt thou be established-  rather, through

righteousness. There is no peace, saith my God, to the wicked”

(Isaiah 48:22); and conversely, where righteousness abounds, peace

prevails, and the nation “is established.” – “Thou shalt be far from

oppression; rather, be thou far from anxiety (Delitzsch). Thou shalt not

fear” - rather, thou needest not fear. There is no danger — nothing to be

afraid of.They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain”

(Isaiah 11:9). So long as thou art “established through righteousness,”

there shall no harm happen unto thee.


Compare Psalm 91:4-12


v. 15 – “whosoever shall gather against thee shall fall”


v. 17 - No weapon… every tongue. Whether weapons are used

against Israel, or whether she is attacked, as in Sennacherib’s time, by “the

tongue that speaketh proud things” (Isaiah 36:4-20; 37:10-13), the

result will be the same. She will triumph over her enemies, and condemn

them or put them to shame. Her security is her righteousness, which she

derives from Jehovah (Isaiah 45:24, 25).


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                                    ADDITIONAL NOTES



vs. 1-6 -The Relation of the Church to God that of a Wife to Her Husband.

The analogy set forth by the prophet in the first six verses of this chapter is

one to which equal prominence is given in the Old Testament and the New.

It forms the basis of one entire book of the Old Scriptures — the Canticles,

or Song of Solomon. It pervades the whole teaching of the prophets, which

declares apostasy from God to be “adultery” (Isaiah 57:3-5; Jeremiah 3:9;

5:7; 13:27; 23:10-14; Ezekiel 16:32-36; 23:37; Hosea 3:1; 4:12-14). It

is asserted repeatedly with the utmost plainness (ver. 5; Jeremiah 3:14; 31:32;

Hosea 2:16-20). In the New Testament, it is hinted at in the Gospels (Matthew

25:1-10), taught plainly in the Epistles (2 Corinthians 11:2; Ephesians 5:23- 32),

and made part of the imagery of the Revelation of St. John (John 21:2, 9; 22:17).

The only difference is that, in the Old Testament, the “husband” is, vaguely,

Jehovah or God; in the New He is, definitely, the Second Person of the

Trinity, Christ. The relationship involves, on the part of God:


  • Love. “Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the

      Church” (Ephesians 5:25).


  • Tender guardianship and care.The Lord nourisheth and cherisheth

      the Church” (Ephesians 5:29).


  • Exertion of a purifying and elevating influence. Christ “loved the

      Church, and gave himself for it, that he might sanctify and cleanse it with

      the washing of water by the Word, that he might present it to himself a

      glorious Church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing, but that it

      should be holy and without blemish” (Ephesians 5:25-27).


  • Everlasting kindness — kindness that “shall not depart,” or be

      withdrawn, for ever (Isaiah 54:8,10).





On the part of the Church there are involved corresponding duties; as:


  • Love (1 John 4:16-21).


  • Reverence (Ephesians 5:33).


  • Subjection. “As the Church is subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to

      their own husbands in everything (Ephesians 5:24).


  • Never-ending fidelity. The desire of the Church should be towards her

      Lord, as His is towards her (Song of Solomon 7:10), incessantly.










v. 17 – “their righteousness is of me, saith the Lord”


INFUSED RIGHTEOUSNESS IS OF GOD. Infused righteousness is

the work of the Holy Spirit, who “sanctifies us, and all the elect people of

God.” It admits of infinite degrees, and in this life is always imperfect. The

true Christian is always making progress in it, adding grace to grace, going

on from strength to strength, perfecting holiness in the tear of God. But

every step is made by God’s help. Without Him man can do nothing. Every

virtue that we have is also a grace — a grace from the Divine point of

view, a virtue from the human; with struggle and effort acquired by man,

yet given to him by God. Imputed righteousness is that which justifies us;

infused righteousness is that which sanctifies us. The one is a gift to us; the

other is a gift in us. But both alike are the gift of God (Romans 3:21-26; 5:15-19;

1 Corinthians 4:7; 15:10; Galatians 5:22, 23;  Ephesians 5:9).



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