vs. 1-3 - THE
words of our Lord in Luke 4:21, “This day is this Scripture fulfilled in
your ears,” preclude the application of this passage to any other than the
v. 1 – “The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me” - literally, the Spirit of
the Lord Jehovah (Adonai Jehovah) is upon me . In the original announcement
of “the Servant” it was stated that God had “put His Spirit upon Him”
(Isaiah 42:1). The sanctification of our Lord’s human nature by the
Holy Spirit is very explicitly taught in the Gospels (Matthew 1:20; 3:16; 4:1,
Mark 1:10, 12; Luke 1:35; 2:40; 3:22; 4:1, 14, 18-21; John 1:32, 33; 3:34).
“The Lord hath anointed me” – The “anointing” of Jesus was that sanctification
of His human nature by the Holy Spirit, which commenced in the womb of the
blessed Virgin (Luke 1:35), which continued as He grew to manhood (Luke 2:40,
52), which was openly manifested at His baptism, and never ceased till He
took His body and soul with Him into heaven.
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vs. 1-3 - "to proclaim the acceptable year of the
Lord... the day of vengeance ....to comfort all
that mourn...to give...beauty for ashes...the oil
of joy for mourning...the garment of praise for
the spirit of heaviness"
What better tidings?
Of all the immediate consequences of our Lord's mission
the gift of the Spirit is the most precious, embracing
regeneration, sanctification, comfort, strength & gladness!
To give the Holy Spirit to Christians was the main object
of His coming.
"the planting of the Lord that He might be glorified"
Nothing gives so much glory to God as the proved
righteousness of saints!
A company of faithful men, who persistently and
determinately "eschew evil and do good", who lead
holy lives and "shine like lights in the world", "adorning
the doctrine of God their Saviour in all things" and are the
"salt of the earth"
v. 2 – “To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord. An “acceptable
year,” or “year of acceptance,” is a space of time during which God would
be pleased to accept such as repented and turned to Him. It is, of course,
not intended to limit the space to a “year.” The space is rather the term of
our sojourn here below – “The day of vengeance” - The “day” of vengeance
is contrasted with the “year” of acceptance, to indicate God’s long-suffering
and patience towards sinners (comp. Isaiah 34:8; and see also Exodus 20:5, 6).
“To comfort all that mourn”; i.e. all who “sorrow after a godly sort”
(2 Corinthians 7:11) — all who mourn their transgressions and shortcomings,
their “sins, negligences, and ignorances,” with a hearty desire to be rid of them,
and to serve God truly in the future.
v. 3 – “To appoint… to give” - The latter expression is a correction of
the former, which was not wide enough. Messiah is sent to give to the
of the ashes of repentance which it was customary to sprinkle upon the
that plenteousness of tears which naturally belonged to mourners; and
inclined to praise God, in lieu of a heavy one inclined to despair. Christian
experience witnesses to the abundant accomplishment of all these purposes.
“That they might be called trees of righteousness” - literally,
oaks of righteousness, or
strong and enduring plants in the
planted by Him, in order that through them “He might be glorified” - Nothing
gives so much glory to God as the proved righteousness of His saints. The
planting of the Lord; i.e. “which He has planted” and caused to grow, and
rendered righteous. The righteousness, though it is their own, an indwelling
quality, has nevertheless come from Him (comp. Isaiah 60:21).
vs. 4-9 - GOD’S PURPOSE OF DEALING GRACIOUSLY WITH
proceeds to declare God’s gracious purposes towards
Captivity period for His standpoint, He promises, first, the restoration of the
Gentiles shall dwell together in one community peacefully and gloriously,
v. 6 – “But ye shall be named the Priests of the Lord” - By the
covenant made at
nation” (Exodus 19:6). Had they risen to the height of their calling
when our Lord and His disciples offered them salvation before offering it to
the Gentiles, they might have “been in the midst of the heathen who had
entered into the congregation of Jehovah and become the people of God,
what the Aaronites farmerly were in the
v. 7 - "everlasting joy shall be unto them" -The speaker passes on in his
thought to the time of the “new heavens and the new earth,” which he
regards as continuous with that of
v. 9 - "they are the seed which the Lord hath blessed" - The blessing has
passed in the main to “the
vs. 10-11 -
GLORIES IN JEHOVAH.
v. 10 - "I will greatly rejoice in the Lord, my soul shall
be joyful in my God; for He hath clothed me with
the garments of salvation, He hath covered me
with the robe of righteousness"
(see Isaiah 54:17)
There is rejoicing for the plan of salvation - Atonement, forgiveness,
reconciliation, renewal of the Divine image in man, the hope of eternal
life "incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away,
reserved in heaven FOR YOU" – I Peter 1:4
v. 11 - "the Lord God will cause righteousness and praise
to spring forth before all the nations"
"the Lord is good, His mercy endureth for ever"s
v. 2 - THE COMFORTING OF MOURNERS. It was indicative of the
tenderness of Jesus, that in His life on earth He had ever such great
compassion for mourners. In His Sermon on the
the second Beatitude, “Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be
comforted” (Matthew 5:4). Thrice only in His ministry does he seem to
have come across actual death, and then each time He had such pity on
those who mourned their dead, that He worked miracles on their behalf,
and comforted them by raising their lost ones to life again (Mark 5:22-42;
Luke 7:12-15; John 11:32-44). After His resurrection, He hastened to comfort
the women who mourned Him, by special appearances to them (Matthew 28:9;
Mark 16:9). These, however, were but samples of His power and of His good
will. Through the long ages that have elapsed since He founded His Church,
mourners have ever found in Him a true and potent Comforter. Through Him
it is that Christians “sorrow not as they that have no hope” (1 Thessalonians
4:13); through Him that they have resignation, and are able to say, “The Lord
gave, and the Lord hath taken away: blessed be the Name of the Lord;”
Job 1:21 - through Him that they look to receive their dead again raised to life
(Hebrews 11:35), and to be joined with them in a land where there is no parting.
v. 10 - THE RESULTS THAT NATURALLY FLOW FROM REJOICING.
their blessings and their privileges, and take as it were a firmer hold on
them. It helps them to make light of the small trials and hindrances that
more or less beset every one, and that, if dwelt upon exclusively, may be
magnified until they assume very undue proportions. It actually increases
the feeling of joy, and so the feeling of happiness, for every active
principle within us is strengthened by being exercised.
Christianity in the same degree that a gloomy presentation of the
Christian religion repels them. It wakes responsive echoes in their hearts.
It stirs up latent and undefined longings in their souls. It leads sometimes
to inquiry and conversion.
should praise Him and rejoice in Him. Such rejoicing sets forth His power
and His goodness. It is a proclamation to angels and to men that “the Lord
is good, and that his mercy endureth for ever” (Psalm 136:1). It is
borne through the empyrean, and enters into the courts of heaven, and
wakes angelic sympathies and intensifies angelic devotions. It is an
offering of a sweet savour to God.