(The following texts highlighted in this color of blue is taken from
The Treasury of David by Charles Haddon Spurgeon) "Excerpted text
Copyright AGES Library, LLC. All rights reserved. Materials are reproduced
Title and Subject. Nothing whatever can be drawn from the title as to the
time when this Psalm was written, for the heading, "A Psalm of David, "is
common to so many of the Psalms; but if one may judge from the matter of
the song, the writer was pursued by enemies, vs. 2-3, was shut out from the
house of the Lord, v. 4, was just parting from father and mother, v.10, and was
subject to slander, v. 12; do not all these meet in the time when Doeg, the
Edomite, spake against him to Saul? (I Samuel 22) It is a song of cheerful hope,
well fitted for those in trial who have learned to lean upon the Almighty arm. The
Psalm may with profit be read in a threefold way, as the language of David, of the
Church, and of the Lord Jesus. The plenitude of Scripture will thus appear the
Division. The poet first sounds forth his sure confidence in his God, Psalm
vs.1-3, and his love of communion with Him, vs. 4-6. He then betakes himself to
prayer, vs. 7-12, and concludes with an acknowledgment of the sustaining power
of faith in his own case, and an exhortation to others to follow his example.
1 “The Lord is my light and my salvation;” - Here is personal interest,
"my light, ""my salvation; "- the soul is assured of it, and therefore,
declaring it boldly. "My light; " —into the soul at the new birth divine light
is poured as the precursor of salvation; where there is not enough light to
see our own darkness and to long for the Lord Jesus, there is no evidence
of salvation. Salvation finds us in the dark, but it does not leave us there;
it gives light to those who sit in the valley of the shadow of death. After
conversion our God is our joy, comfort, guide, teacher, and in every sense
our light; He is light within, light around, light reflected from us, and light
to be revealed to us. Note, it is not said merely that the Lord gives light,
but that He "is" light; nor that He gives salvation, but that He is salvation;
he, then, who by faith has laid hold upon God has all covenant blessings in
his possession. Every light is not the sun, but the sun is the father of all
lights. This being made sure as a fact, the argument drawn from it is put in
the form of a question, “Whom shall I fear?” A question which is its own
answer. The powers of darkness are not to be feared, for the Lord, our
light, destroys them; and the damnation of hell is not to be dreaded by us,
for the Lord is our salvation. This is a very different challenge from that of
boastful Goliath, for it is based upon a very different foundation; it rests
not upon the conceited vigor of an arm of flesh, but upon the real power
of the omnipotent I AM. “The Lord is the strength of my life;” - Here
is a third glowing epithet, to show that the writer's hope was fastened with a
threefold cord which could not be broken. We may well accumulate terms
of praise where the Lord lavishes deeds of grace. Our life derives all its
strength from Him who is the author if it; and if He deigns to make us
strong we cannot be weakened by all the machinations of the adversary –
“of whom shall I be afraid?” The bold question looks into the future as well
as the present. "If God be for us, who can be against us,” (Romans 8:31) –
either now or in time to come?
2 This verse records a past deliverance, and is an instance of the way
in which experience should be employed to reassure our faith in times of
trial. Each word is instructive. “When the wicked,” - It is a hopeful sign for us
when the wicked hate us; if our foes were godly men it would be a sore
sorrow, but as for the wicked their hatred is better than their love - “even
mine enemies and my foes,” - There were many of them, they were of
different sorts, but they were unanimous in mischief and hearty in hatred -
“came upon me,” —advanced to the attack, leaping upon the victim like a
lion upon its prey – “to eat up my flesh,” like cannibals they would make a full
end of the man, tear him limb from limb, and make a feast for their malice.
The enemies of our souls are not deficient in ferocity, they yield no quarter,
and ought to have none in return. See in what danger David was; in the
grip and grasp of numerous, powerful, and cruel enemies, and yet observe
his perfect safety and their utter discomfiture! – “they stumbled and fell.”
God's breath blew them off their legs. There were stones in the way which
they never reckoned upon, and over these they made an ignominious
tumble. This was literally true in the case of our Lord
those who came to take Him went backward and fell to the ground; (John 18:6)
and herein He was a prophetic representative of all wrestling believers who,
rising from their knees shall, by the power of faith, throw their foes upon their faces.
3 “Though an host should encamp against me, my heart shall not fear:” -
Before the actual conflict, while as yet the battle is untried, the warrior's
heart, being held in suspense, is very liable to become fluttered. The
encamping host often inspires greater dread than the same host in actual
affray. Young tells us of some—"Who feel a thousand deaths in fearing
one." Doubtless the shadow of anticipated trouble is, to timorous minds, a
more prolific source of sorrow than the trouble itself, but faith puts a
strengthening plaster to the back of courage, and throws out of the
window the dregs of the cup of trembling –“though war should rise against
me, in this will I be confident.” When it actually comes to push of pike,
faith's shield will ward off the blow; and if the first brush should be but the
beginning of a war, yet faith's banners will wave in spite of the foe. Though
battle should succeed battle, and one campaign should be followed by
another, the believer will not be dismayed at the length of the conflict.
Reader, this third verse is the comfortable and logical inference from the
second, confidence is the child of experience. Have you been delivered out
of great perils? then set up your ensign, wait at your watch fire, and let the
enemy do his worst.
4 “One thing” - Divided aims tend to distraction, weakness, disappointment.
The man of one book is eminent, the man of one pursuit is successful. Let all our
affections be bound up in one affection, and that affection set upon heavenly things.
“have I desired” - what we cannot at once attain, it is well to desire. God judges
us very much by the desire of our hearts. He who rides a lame horse is not blamed
by his master for want of speed, if he makes all the haste he can, and would make
more if he could; God takes the will for the deed with His children, “of the Lord,”
This is the right target for desires, this is the well into which to dip our buckets,
this is the door to knock at, the bank to draw upon; desire of men, and lie
upon the dunghill with Lazarus: desire of the Lord, and to be carried of
angels into Abraham's bosom. Our desires of the Lord should be sanctified,
humble, constant, submissive, fervent, and it is well if, as with the psalmist,
they are all molten into one mass. Under David's painful circumstances we
might have expected him to desire repose, safety, and a thousand other
good things, but no, he has set his heart on the pearl, and leaves the rest.
“that will I seek after;” - Holy desires must lead to resolute action. The old
proverb says, "Wishers and woulders are never good housekeepers," and
"wishing never fills a sack." Desires are seed which must be sown in the
good soil of activity, or they will yield no harvest. We shall find our desires
to be like clouds without rain, unless followed up by practical endeavors.
“that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life,” –
For the sake of communion with the King, David longed to dwell always in the
palace; so far from being wearied with the services of the Tabernacle, he
longed to be constantly engaged in them, as his life long pleasure. He
desired above all things to be one of the household of God, a home born
child, living at home with his Father. This is our dearest wish, only we
extend it to those days of our immortal life which have not yet dawned.
We pine for our Father's house above, the home of our souls; if we may but
dwell there for ever, we care but little for the goods or ills of this poor life.
behold the beauty of the Lord,” - An exercise both for earthly and heavenly
worshippers. We must not enter the assemblies of the saints in order to see
and be seen, or merely to hear the minister; we must repair to the
gatherings of the righteous, intent upon the gracious object of learning
more of the loving Father, more of the glorified Jesus, more of the
mysterious Spirit, in order that we may the more lovingly admire, and the
more reverently adore our glorious God. What a word is that, "the beauty
of the Lord!" Think of it, dear reader! Better far—behold it by faith! What
a sight will that be when every faithful follower of Jesus shall behold "the
King in his beauty!" (Isaiah 33:17) Oh, for that infinitely blessed vision! –
“and to enquire in His temple.” We should make our visits to the Lord's
house enquirers' meetings. Not seeking sinners alone, but assured saints should be
enquirers. We must enquire as to the will of God and how we may do it; as
to our interest in the heavenly city, and how we may be more assured of it.
We shall not need to make enquiries in heaven, for there we shall know
even as we are known; but meanwhile we should sit at Jesus' feet, and
awaken all our faculties to learn of him.
5 This verse gives an excellent reason for the psalmist's desire after
communion with God, namely, that he was thus secured in the hour of
peril. “For in the time of trouble,” - that needy time, that time when others
forsake me, “He shall hide me in His pavilion:” - He shall give me the best of
shelter in the worst of danger. The royal pavilion was erected in the center
of the army, and around it all the mighty men kept guard at all hours; thus
in that divine sovereignty which almighty power is sworn to maintain, the
believer peacefully is hidden, hidden not by himself furtively, but by the
king, who hospitably entertains him – “in the secret of His tabernacle
shall He hide me;” - Sacrifice aids sovereignty in screening the elect from
harm. No one of old dared to enter the most holy place on pain of death; and if the
Lord has hidden His people there, what foe shall venture to molest them?
“He shall set me up upon a rock.” Immutability, eternity, and infinite power
here come to the aid of sovereignty and sacrifice. How blessed is the
standing of the man whom God Himself sets on high above his foes, upon
an impregnable rock which never can be stormed! Well may we desire to
dwell with the Lord who so effectually protects His people.
6 “And now shall mine head be lifted up above mine enemies round
about me:” - He is quite sure of it. Godly men of old prayed in faith, nothing
wavering, and spoke of their answer to their prayers as a certainty. David
was by faith so sure of a glorious victory over all those who beset him, that
he arranged in his own heart what he would do when his foes lay all
prostrate before him; that arrangement was such as gratitude suggested -
“therefore will I offer in His tabernacle sacrifices of joy;” - That place for
which he longed in his conflict, should see his thankful joy in his triumphant return.
He does not speak of jubilations to be offered in his palace, and feastings in his
banqueting halls, but holy mirth he selects as most fitting for so divine a deliverance.
“I will sing,” - This is the most natural mode of expressing thankfulness. “Yea, I will
sing praises unto the Lord.” The vow is confirmed by repetition, and explained by
addition, which addition vows all the praise unto Jehovah. Let who will be silent, the
believer when his prayer is heard, must and will make his praise to be heard
also; and let who will sing unto the vanities of the world, the believer reserves his
music for the Lord alone.
7 “Hear, O Lord, when I cry with my voice:” - The pendulum of
spirituality swings from praise to prayer. The voice which in the last verse
was tuned to music is here turned to crying. As a good soldier, David knew
how to handle his weapons, and found himself much at home with the
weapon of "all prayer." Note his anxiety to be heard. Pharisees care not a
fig for the Lord's hearing them, so long as they are heard of men, or charm
their own pride with their sounding devotions; but with a genuine man, the
Lord's ear is everything. The voice may be profitably used even in private
prayer; for though it is unnecessary, it is often helpful, and aids in
preventing distractions – “have mercy also upon me,” - Mercy is the hope of
sinners and the refuge of saints. All acceptable petitioners dwell much upon
this attribute – “and answer me.” We may expect answers to prayer, and
should not be easy without them any more than we should be if we had
written a letter to a friend upon important business, and had received no reply.
8 In this verse we are taught that if we would have the Lord hear our
voice, we must be careful to respond to His voice. The true heart should
echo the will of God as the rocks among the
the notes of the peasant's horn. Observe, that the command was in the
plural, to all the saints, “When thou saidst, Seek ye my face; my
heart said unto thee, Thy face, Lord, will I seek.” Seek ye; but the man
of God turned it into the singular by a personal application, Thy face, Lord,
will I seek. The voice of the Lord is very effectual where all other voices fail.
When thou saidst, then my heart, my inmost nature was moved to an obedient
reply. Note the promptness of the response—no sooner said than done; as soon
as God said "seek " the heart said, "I will seek." Oh, for more of this holy
readiness! Would to God that we were more plastic to the divine hand,
more sensitive of the touch of God's Spirit.
9 “Hide not thy face far from me;” - The word "far" is not in the
original, and is a very superfluous addition of the translators, since even the
least hiding of the Lord's face is a great affliction to a believer. The
command to seek the Lord's face would be a painful one if the Lord, by
withdrawing Himself, rendered it impossible for the seeker to meet with
Him. A smile from the Lord is the greatest of comforts, His frown the worst
of ills - “put not thy servant away in anger:” - Other servants had been put
away when they proved unfaithful, as for instance, his predecessor Saul;
and this made David, while conscious of many faults, most anxious that
divine long suffering should continue him in favor. This is a most
appropriate prayer for us under a similar sense of unworthiness - “thou hast
been my help;” - How truly can we join in this declaration; for many years, in
circumstances of varied trial, we have been upheld by our God, and must
and will confess our obligation. "Ingratitude," it is said, "is natural to fallen
man," but to spiritual men it is unnatural and detestable - “leave me not,
neither forsake me,” - A prayer for the future, and an inference from the past.
If the Lord had meant to leave us, why did He begin with us? Past help is
but a waste of effort if the soul now be deserted. The first petition, "leave
me not, "may refer to temporary desertions, and the second word to the
final withdrawal of grace (Genesis 6:3; II Thessalonians 2:7), both are to be
prayed against; and concerning the second, we have immutable promises to urge.
“O God of my salvation.” A sweet title worthy of much meditation.
10 “When my father and my mother forsake me,” - These dear relations
will be the last to desert me, but if the milk of human kindness should dry
up even from their breasts, there is a Father who never forgets. Some of
the greatest of the saints have been cast out by their families, and
persecuted for righteousness' sake –“then the Lord will take me up.” Will
espouse my cause, will uplift me from my woes, will carry me in his arms,
will elevate me above my enemies, will at last receive me to His eternal
11 “Teach me thy way, O Lord,” - He does not pray to be indulged with
his own way, but to be informed as to the path in which the righteous
Jehovah would have him walk. This prayer evinces an humble sense of
personal ignorance, great teachableness of spirit, and cheerful obedience of
heart “and lead me in a plain path,” - Help is here sought as well as direction;
we not only need a map of the way, but a guide to assist us in the journey. A
path is here desired which shall be open, honest, straightforward, in
opposition to the way of cunning, which is intricate, tortuous, dangerous.
Good men seldom succeed in fine speculations and doubtful courses; plain
simplicity is the best spirit for an heir of heaven: let us leave shifty tricks
and political expediencies to the citizens of the world—the New Jerusalem
owns plain men for its citizens. Esau was a cunning hunter, Jacob was a
plain man, dwelling in tents - “because of mine enemies.” These will catch us
if they can, but the way of manifest, simple honesty is safe from their rage.
It is wonderful to observe how honest simplicity baffles and outwits the
craftiness of wickedness. Truth is wisdom. "Honesty is the best policy."
12 “Deliver me not over unto the will of mine enemies:” - or I should be
like a victim cast to the lions, to be rent in pieces and utterly devoured.
God be thanked that our foes cannot have their way with
would soon be on a blaze again - “for false witnesses are risen up against
me,” - Slander is an old fashioned weapon out of the armory of hell, and is
still in plentiful use; and no matter how holy a man may be, there will be
some who will defame him. "Give a dog an ill name, and hang him;" but
glory be to God, the Lord's people are not dogs, and their ill names do not
injure them - “and such as breathe out cruelty.” It is their vital breath to hate
the good; they cannot speak without cursing them; such was Paul before
conversion. They who breathe out cruelty may well expect to be sent to
breathe their native air in hell; let persecutors beware!
13 “I had fainted, unless I had believed to see the goodness of the
Lord in the land of the living.” Faintness of heart is a common infirmity;
even he who slew Goliath was subject to its attacks. Faith puts its bottle of
cordial to the lip of the soul, and so prevents fainting. Hope is heaven's balm
for present sorrow. In this land of the dying, it is our blessedness to be looking
and longing for our fair portion in the land of the living, whence the goodness
of God has banished the wickedness of man, and where holy spirits charm
with their society those persecuted saints who were vilified and despised
among men. We must believe to see, not see to believe; we must wait the
appointed time, and stay our soul's hunger with foretastes of the Lord's
eternal goodness which shall soon be our feast and our song.
14 “Wait on the Lord:” - Wait at His door with prayer; wait at His foot
with humility; wait at His table with service; wait at His window with
expectancy. Suitors often win nothing but the cold shoulder from earthly
patrons after long and obsequious waiting; he speeds best whose patron is
in the skies - “be of good courage,” - A soldier's motto. Be it mine.
Courage we shall need, and for the exercise of it we have as much reason as
necessity, if we are soldiers of King Jesus – “and He shall strengthen thine
heart:” - He can lay the plaster right upon the weak place. Let the heart be
strengthened, and the whole machine of humanity is filled with power; a
strong heart makes a strong arm. What strength is this which God Himself
gives to the heart? Read the "Book of Martyrs, "and see its glorious deeds
of prowess; go to God rather, and get such power thyself - “wait, I say, on
the Lord.” David, in the words "I say, "sets his own private seal to the word
which, as an inspired man, he had been moved to write. It is his testimony
as well as the command of God, and indeed he who writes these scanty
notes has himself found it so sweet, so reviving, so profitable to draw near
to God, that on his own account he also feels bound to write, "Wait, I
SAY, on the Lord."
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