(The following texts highlighted in this color of blue is taken from

The Treasury of David by Charles Haddon Spurgeon)  "Excerpted text

Copyright AGES Library, LLC. All rights reserved.  Materials are reproduced

by permission."


                                                            Psalm 27


Title and Subject. Nothing whatever can be drawn from the title as to the

time when this Psalm was written, for the heading, "A Psalm of David, "is

common to so many of the Psalms; but if one may judge from the matter of

the song, the writer was pursued by enemies, vs. 2-3, was shut out from the

house of the Lord, v. 4, was just parting from father and mother, v.10, and was

subject to slander, v. 12; do not all these meet in the time when Doeg, the

Edomite, spake against him to Saul?  (I Samuel 22)  It is a song of cheerful hope,

well fitted for those in trial who have learned to lean upon the Almighty arm. The

Psalm may with profit be read in a threefold way, as the language of David, of the

Church, and of the Lord Jesus. The plenitude of Scripture will thus appear the

more wonderful.


Division. The poet first sounds forth his sure confidence in his God, Psalm

vs.1-3, and his love of communion with Him, vs. 4-6. He then betakes himself to

prayer, vs. 7-12, and concludes with an acknowledgment of the sustaining power

of faith in his own case, and an exhortation to others to follow his example.


1  “The Lord is my light and my salvation;” -  Here is personal interest,

"my light, ""my salvation; "-  the soul is assured of it, and therefore,

declaring it boldly. "My light; " into the soul at the new birth divine light

is poured as the precursor of salvation; where there is not enough light to

see our own darkness and to long for the Lord Jesus, there is no evidence

of salvation. Salvation finds us in the dark, but it does not leave us there;

it gives light to those who sit in the valley of the shadow of death. After

conversion our God is our joy, comfort, guide, teacher, and in every sense

our light; He is light within, light around, light reflected from us, and light

to be revealed to us. Note, it is not said merely that the Lord gives light,

but that He "is" light; nor that He gives salvation, but that He is salvation;

he, then, who by faith has laid hold upon God has all covenant blessings in

his possession. Every light is not the sun, but the sun is the father of all

lights. This being made sure as a fact, the argument drawn from it is put in

the form of a question, “Whom shall I fear?”  A question which is its own

answer. The powers of darkness are not to be feared, for the Lord, our

light, destroys them; and the damnation of hell is not to be dreaded by us,

for the Lord is our salvation. This is a very different challenge from that of

boastful Goliath, for it is based upon a very different foundation; it rests

not upon the conceited vigor of an arm of flesh, but upon the real power

of the omnipotent I AM. “The Lord is the strength of my life;” -  Here

is a third glowing epithet, to show that the writer's hope was fastened with a

threefold cord which could not be broken. We may well accumulate terms

of praise where the Lord lavishes deeds of grace. Our life derives all its

strength from Him who is the author if it; and if He deigns to make us

strong we cannot be weakened by all the machinations of the adversary –

“of whom shall I be afraid?” The bold question looks into the future as well

as the present. "If God be for us, who can be against us,”  (Romans 8:31) –

either now or in time to come?


2  This verse records a past deliverance, and is an instance of the way

in which experience should be employed to reassure our faith in times of

trial. Each word is instructive. “When the wicked,” -  It is a hopeful sign for us

when the wicked hate us; if our foes were godly men it would be a sore

sorrow, but as for the wicked their hatred is better than their love -  “even

mine enemies and my foes,” - There were many of them, they were of

different sorts, but they were unanimous in mischief and hearty in hatred -

“came upon me,” —advanced to the attack, leaping upon the victim like a

lion upon its prey – “to eat up my flesh,” like cannibals they would make a full

end of the man, tear him limb from limb, and make a feast for their malice.

The enemies of our souls are not deficient in ferocity, they yield no quarter,

and ought to have none in return. See in what danger David was; in the

grip and grasp of numerous, powerful, and cruel enemies, and yet observe

his perfect safety and their utter discomfiture! – “they stumbled and fell.”

God's breath blew them off their legs. There were stones in the way which

they never reckoned upon, and over these they made an ignominious

tumble. This was literally true in the case of our Lord in Gethsemane, when

those who came to take Him went backward and fell to the ground; (John 18:6)

and herein He was a prophetic representative of all wrestling believers who,

rising from their knees shall, by the power of faith, throw their foes upon their faces.


3  “Though an host should encamp against me, my heart shall not fear:” -

Before the actual conflict, while as yet the battle is untried, the warrior's

heart, being held in suspense, is very liable to become fluttered. The

encamping host often inspires greater dread than the same host in actual

affray. Young tells us of some—"Who feel a thousand deaths in fearing

one." Doubtless the shadow of anticipated trouble is, to timorous minds, a

more prolific source of sorrow than the trouble itself, but faith puts a

strengthening plaster to the back of courage, and throws out of the

window the dregs of the cup of trembling –“though war should rise against

me, in this will I be confident.”  When it actually comes to push of pike,

faith's shield will ward off the blow; and if the first brush should be but the

beginning of a war, yet faith's banners will wave in spite of the foe. Though

battle should succeed battle, and one campaign should be followed by

another, the believer will not be dismayed at the length of the conflict.

Reader, this third verse is the comfortable and logical inference from the

second, confidence is the child of experience. Have you been delivered out

of great perils? then set up your ensign, wait at your watch fire, and let the

enemy do his worst.


4  “One thing” -  Divided aims tend to distraction, weakness, disappointment.

The man of one book is eminent, the man of one pursuit is successful. Let all our

affections be bound up in one affection, and that affection set upon heavenly things.

“have I desired” - what we cannot at once attain, it is well to desire. God judges

us very much by the desire of our hearts. He who rides a lame horse is not blamed

by his master for want of speed, if he makes all the haste he can, and would make

more if he could; God takes the will for the deed with His children, “of the Lord,”

This is the right target for desires, this is the well into which to dip our buckets,

this is the door to knock at, the bank to draw upon; desire of men, and lie

upon the dunghill with Lazarus: desire of the Lord, and to be carried of

angels into Abraham's bosom. Our desires of the Lord should be sanctified,

humble, constant, submissive, fervent, and it is well if, as with the psalmist,

they are all molten into one mass. Under David's painful circumstances we

might have expected him to desire repose, safety, and a thousand other

good things, but no, he has set his heart on the pearl, and leaves the rest.

“that will I seek after;” - Holy desires must lead to resolute action. The old

proverb says, "Wishers and woulders are never good housekeepers," and

"wishing never fills a sack." Desires are seed which must be sown in the

good soil of activity, or they will yield no harvest. We shall find our desires

to be like clouds without rain, unless followed up by practical endeavors.

“that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life,” –

 For the sake of communion with the King, David longed to dwell always in the

palace; so far from being wearied with the services of the Tabernacle, he

longed to be constantly engaged in them, as his life long pleasure. He

desired above all things to be one of the household of God, a home born

child, living at home with his Father. This is our dearest wish, only we

extend it to those days of our immortal life which have not yet dawned.

We pine for our Father's house above, the home of our souls; if we may but

dwell there for ever, we care but little for the goods or ills of this poor life.

"Jerusalem the golden" is the one and only goal of our heart's longings – “to

behold the beauty of the Lord,” -  An exercise both for earthly and heavenly

worshippers. We must not enter the assemblies of the saints in order to see

and be seen, or merely to hear the minister; we must repair to the

gatherings of the righteous, intent upon the gracious object of learning

more of the loving Father, more of the glorified Jesus, more of the

mysterious Spirit, in order that we may the more lovingly admire, and the

more reverently adore our glorious God. What a word is that, "the beauty

of the Lord!" Think of it, dear reader! Better far—behold it by faith! What

a sight will that be when every faithful follower of Jesus shall behold "the

King in his beauty!" (Isaiah 33:17)  Oh, for that infinitely blessed vision! –

“and to enquire in His temple.” We should make our visits to the Lord's

house enquirers' meetings. Not seeking sinners alone, but assured saints should be

enquirers. We must enquire as to the will of God and how we may do it; as

to our interest in the heavenly city, and how we may be more assured of it.

We shall not need to make enquiries in heaven, for there we shall know

even as we are known; but meanwhile we should sit at Jesus' feet, and

awaken all our faculties to learn of him.


5  This verse gives an excellent reason for the psalmist's desire after

communion with God, namely, that he was thus secured in the hour of

peril. “For in the time of trouble,” - that needy time, that time when others

forsake me, “He shall hide me in His pavilion:” -  He shall give me the best of

shelter in the worst of danger. The royal pavilion was erected in the center

of the army, and around it all the mighty men kept guard at all hours; thus

in that divine sovereignty which almighty power is sworn to maintain, the

believer peacefully is hidden, hidden not by himself furtively, but by the

king, who hospitably entertains him – “in the secret of His tabernacle

shall He hide me;” -  Sacrifice aids sovereignty in screening the elect from

harm. No one of old dared to enter the most holy place on pain of death; and if the

Lord has hidden His people there, what foe shall venture to molest them?

“He shall set me up upon a rock.” Immutability, eternity, and infinite power

here come to the aid of sovereignty and sacrifice. How blessed is the

standing of the man whom God Himself sets on high above his foes, upon

an impregnable rock which never can be stormed! Well may we desire to

dwell with the Lord who so effectually protects His people.


6  And now shall mine head be lifted up above mine enemies round

about me:” -  He is quite sure of it. Godly men of old prayed in faith, nothing

wavering, and spoke of their answer to their prayers as a certainty. David

was by faith so sure of a glorious victory over all those who beset him, that

he arranged in his own heart what he would do when his foes lay all

prostrate before him; that arrangement was such as gratitude suggested -

“therefore will I offer in His tabernacle sacrifices of joy;” - That place for

which he longed in his conflict, should see his thankful joy in his triumphant return.

He does not speak of jubilations to be offered in his palace, and feastings in his

banqueting halls, but holy mirth he selects as most fitting for so divine a deliverance.

“I will sing,” -  This is the most natural mode of expressing thankfulness. “Yea, I will

sing praises unto the Lord.”  The vow is confirmed by repetition, and explained by

addition, which addition vows all the praise unto Jehovah. Let who will be silent, the

believer when his prayer is heard, must and will make his praise to be heard

also; and let who will sing unto the vanities of the world, the believer reserves his

music for the Lord alone.


7  “Hear, O Lord, when I cry with my voice:” -  The pendulum of

spirituality swings from praise to prayer. The voice which in the last verse

was tuned to music is here turned to crying. As a good soldier, David knew

how to handle his weapons, and found himself much at home with the

weapon of "all prayer." Note his anxiety to be heard. Pharisees care not a

fig for the Lord's hearing them, so long as they are heard of men, or charm

their own pride with their sounding devotions; but with a genuine man, the

Lord's ear is everything. The voice may be profitably used even in private

prayer; for though it is unnecessary, it is often helpful, and aids in

preventing distractions – “have mercy also upon me,” - Mercy is the hope of

sinners and the refuge of saints. All acceptable petitioners dwell much upon

this attribute – “and answer me.” We may expect answers to prayer, and

should not be easy without them any more than we should be if we had

written a letter to a friend upon important business, and had received no reply.


8  In this verse we are taught that if we would have the Lord hear our

voice, we must be careful to respond to His voice. The true heart should

echo the will of God as the rocks among the Alps repeat in sweetest music

the notes of the peasant's horn. Observe, that the command was in the

plural, to all the saints,  “When thou saidst, Seek ye my face; my

heart said unto thee, Thy face, Lord, will I seek.”  Seek ye; but the man

of God turned it into the singular by a personal application, Thy face, Lord,

will I seek. The voice of the Lord is very effectual where all other voices fail.

When thou saidst, then my heart, my inmost nature was moved to an obedient

reply. Note the promptness of the response—no sooner said than done; as soon

as God said "seek " the heart said, "I will seek." Oh, for more of this holy

readiness! Would to God that we were more plastic to the divine hand,

more sensitive of the touch of God's Spirit.


9  “Hide not thy face far from me;” -  The word "far" is not in the

original, and is a very superfluous addition of the translators, since even the

least hiding of the Lord's face is a great affliction to a believer. The

command to seek the Lord's face would be a painful one if the Lord, by

withdrawing Himself, rendered it impossible for the seeker to meet with

Him. A smile from the Lord is the greatest of comforts, His frown the worst

of ills -  “put not thy servant away in anger:” -  Other servants had been put

away when they proved unfaithful, as for instance, his predecessor Saul;

and this made David, while conscious of many faults, most anxious that

divine long suffering should continue him in favor. This is a most

appropriate prayer for us under a similar sense of unworthiness -  “thou hast

been my help;” - How truly can we join in this declaration; for many years, in

circumstances of varied trial, we have been upheld by our God, and must

and will confess our obligation. "Ingratitude," it is said, "is natural to fallen

man," but to spiritual men it is unnatural and detestable -  “leave me not,

neither forsake me,” -  A prayer for the future, and an inference from the past.

If the Lord had meant to leave us, why did He begin with us? Past help is

but a waste of effort if the soul now be deserted. The first petition, "leave

me not, "may refer to temporary desertions, and the second word to the

final withdrawal of grace (Genesis 6:3; II Thessalonians 2:7), both are to be

prayed against; and concerning the second, we have immutable promises to urge.

“O God of my salvation.”  A sweet title worthy of much meditation.


10  “When my father and my mother forsake me,” -  These dear relations

will be the last to desert me, but if the milk of human kindness should dry

up even from their breasts, there is a Father who never forgets. Some of

the greatest of the saints have been cast out by their families, and

persecuted for righteousness' sake –“then the Lord will take me up.” Will

espouse my cause, will uplift me from my woes, will carry me in his arms,

will elevate me above my enemies, will at last receive me to His eternal

dwelling place.


11  “Teach me thy way, O Lord,” -  He does not pray to be indulged with

his own way, but to be informed as to the path in which the righteous

Jehovah would have him walk. This prayer evinces an humble sense of

personal ignorance, great teachableness of spirit, and cheerful obedience of

heart  “and lead me in a plain path,” -  Help is here sought as well as direction;

we not only need a map of the way, but a guide to assist us in the journey. A

path is here desired which shall be open, honest, straightforward, in

opposition to the way of cunning, which is intricate, tortuous, dangerous.

Good men seldom succeed in fine speculations and doubtful courses; plain

simplicity is the best spirit for an heir of heaven: let us leave shifty tricks

and political expediencies to the citizens of the world—the New Jerusalem

owns plain men for its citizens. Esau was a cunning hunter, Jacob was a

plain man, dwelling in tents -  “because of mine enemies.”  These will catch us

if they can, but the way of manifest, simple honesty is safe from their rage.

It is wonderful to observe how honest simplicity baffles and outwits the

craftiness of wickedness. Truth is wisdom. "Honesty is the best policy."


12  “Deliver me not over unto the will of mine enemies:” - or I should be

like a victim cast to the lions, to be rent in pieces and utterly devoured.

God be thanked that our foes cannot have their way with us, or Smithfield

would soon be on a blaze again -  “for false witnesses are risen up against

me,” -  Slander is an old fashioned weapon out of the armory of hell, and is

still in plentiful use; and no matter how holy a man may be, there will be

some who will defame him. "Give a dog an ill name, and hang him;" but

glory be to God, the Lord's people are not dogs, and their ill names do not

injure them -  “and such as breathe out cruelty.”  It is their vital breath to hate

the good; they cannot speak without cursing them; such was Paul before

conversion. They who breathe out cruelty may well expect to be sent to

breathe their native air in hell; let persecutors beware!


13  “I had fainted, unless I had believed to see the goodness of the

Lord in the land of the living.”  Faintness of heart is a common infirmity;

even he who slew Goliath was subject to its attacks. Faith puts its bottle of

cordial to the lip of the soul, and so prevents fainting. Hope is heaven's balm

for present sorrow. In this land of the dying, it is our blessedness to be looking

and longing for our fair portion in the land of the living, whence the goodness

of God has banished the wickedness of man, and where holy spirits charm

with their society those persecuted saints who were vilified and despised

among men. We must believe to see, not see to believe; we must wait the

appointed time, and stay our soul's hunger with foretastes of the Lord's

eternal goodness which shall soon be our feast and our song.


14  “Wait on the Lord:” -  Wait at His door with prayer; wait at His foot

with humility; wait at His table with service; wait at His window with

expectancy. Suitors often win nothing but the cold shoulder from earthly

patrons after long and obsequious waiting; he speeds best whose patron is

in the skies -  “be of good courage,” -  A soldier's motto. Be it mine.

Courage we shall need, and for the exercise of it we have as much reason as

necessity, if we are soldiers of King Jesus – “and He shall strengthen thine

heart:” -  He can lay the plaster right upon the weak place. Let the heart be

strengthened, and the whole machine of humanity is filled with power; a

strong heart makes a strong arm. What strength is this which God Himself

gives to the heart? Read the "Book of Martyrs, "and see its glorious deeds

of prowess; go to God rather, and get such power thyself -  “wait, I say, on

the Lord.”  David, in the words "I say, "sets his own private seal to the word

which, as an inspired man, he had been moved to write. It is his testimony

as well as the command of God, and indeed he who writes these scanty

notes has himself found it so sweet, so reviving, so profitable to draw near

to God, that on his own account he also feels bound to write, "Wait, I

SAY, on the Lord."




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Materials are reproduced by permission."


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