(The following texts highlighted in this color of blue is taken from

The Treasury of David by Charles Haddon Spurgeon)  "Excerpted text

Copyright AGES Library, LLC. All rights reserved.  Materials are reproduced

by permission."

 

                                                Psalm 72

 

This Psalm contains a description of an exalted king, and of the blessings of His reign.

These blessings are of such a nature as to prove that the subject of the Psalm must

be a Divine Person:

 

            distinctly taught in Galatians 3:16, it is in Him that all the blessings of

            redemption are to come upon the world. Charles Hodge, in

            "Systematic Theology." 1871.

 

(The first seventeen verses have a star beside them in the King James Version

and represent a direct reference to Jesus Christ – CY – 2011)

 

TITLE. A Psalm for Solomon. The best linguists affirm that this should be

rendered, of or by Solomon. There is not sufficient ground for the

rendering for. It is pretty certain that the title declares Solomon to be the

author of the Psalm, and yet from v. 20 it would seem that David

uttered it in prayer before he died. With some diffidence we suggest that

the spirit and matter of the Psalm are David's, but that he was too near his

end to pen the words, or cast them into form: Solomon, therefore, caught

his dying father's song, fashioned it in goodly verse, and, without robbing

his father, made the Psalm his own. It is, we conjecture, the Prayer of

David, but the Psalm of Solomon. Jesus is here, beyond all doubt, in the

glory of His reign, both as He now is, and as He shall be revealed in the

latter day glory.

 

DIVISION. We shall follow the division suggested by Alexander. "A

glowing description of the reign of Messiah as righteous, vs. 1-7;

universal, vs. 8-11; beneficent, vs. 12-14; and perpetual, vs. 15-17; to which

are added a doxology, vs.18-19; and a postscript, v. 20."

 

1    “Give the king thy judgments, O God,” - The right to reign was

transmitted by descent from David to Solomon, but not by that means

alone: Israel was a theocracy, and the kings were but the viceroys of the

greater King; hence the prayer that the new king might be enthroned by

divine right, and then endowed with divine wisdom. Our glorious King in

Zion hath all judgment committed unto Him. He rules in the name of God

over all lands. He is king "Dei Gratia" as well as by right of inheritance.

“and thy righteousness unto the king's son.”   Solomon was both king and

king's son; so also is our Lord. He has power and authority in Himself, and

also royal dignity given of His Father. He is the righteous king; in a word,

he is "the Lord our righteousness." We are waiting till He shall be

manifested among men as the ever righteous Judge. May the Lord hasten

on His own time the long looked for day. Now wars and fightings are even

in Israel itself, but soon the dispensation will change, and David, the type

of Jesus warring with our enemies, shall be displaced by Solomon the

prince of peace.

 

2  “He shall judge thy people with righteousness,” -  Clothed with divine

authority, He shall use it on the behalf of the favored nation, for whom He

shall show Himself strong, that they be not misjudged, slandered, or in any

way treated maliciously. His sentence shall put their accusers to silence,

and award the saints their true position as the accepted of the Lord. What a

consolation to feel that none can suffer wrong in Christ's kingdom: He sits

upon the great white throne, unspotted by a single deed of injustice, or

even mistake of judgment: reputations are safe enough with Him -

“and thy poor with judgment.” True wisdom is manifest in all the decisions

of Zion's King. We do not always understand His doings, but they are

always right. Partiality has been too often shown to rich and great men, but

the King of the last and best of monarchies deals out even handed justice,

to the delight of the poor and despised. Here we have the poor mentioned

side by side with the king. The sovereignty of God is a delightful theme to

the poor in spirit; they love to see the Lord exalted, and have no quarrel

with Him for exercising the prerogatives of His crown. It is the fictitious

wealth which labors to conceal real poverty, which makes men cavil at the

reigning Lord, but a deep sense of spiritual need prepares the heart loyally

to worship the Redeemer King. On the other hand, the King has a special

delight in the humbled hearts of His contrite ones, and exercises all His

power and wisdom on their behalf, even as Joseph in Egypt ruled for the

welfare of his brethren.

 

3  “The mountains shall bring peace to the people,” - Thence, aforetime,

rushed the robber bands which infested the country; but now the forts there

erected are the guardians of the land, and the watchmen publish far and

near the tidings that no foe is to be seen. Where Jesus is there is peace,

lasting, deep, eternal. Even those things which were once our dread, lose

all terror when Jesus is owned as monarch of the heart: death itself, that

dark mountain, loses all its gloom. Trials and afflictions, when the Lord is

with us, bring us an increase rather than a diminution of peace - “and the little

hills, by righteousness.”  Seeing that the rule of the monarch was just, every

little hill seemed clothed with peace. Injustice has made Palestine a desert; if

the Turk and Bedouin were gone, the land would smile again; for even in the

most literal sense, justice is the fertilizer of lands, and men are diligent to

plough and raise harvests when they have the prospect of eating the fruit of

their labors. In a spiritual sense, peace is given to the heart by the

righteousness of Christ; and all the powers and passions of the soul are

filled with a holy calm, when the way of salvation, by a divine righteousness,

is revealed. Then do we go forth with joy, and are led forth with peace; the

mountains and the hills break forth before us into singing.

 

4  “He shall judge the poor of the people,” - He will do them justice, yea,

and blessed be His name, more than justice, for He will delight to do them

good - “He shall save the children of the needy,” -  Poor, helpless things,

they werepackhorses for others, and paupers themselves, but their King

would be their protector. Happy are God's poor and needy ones; they are

safe under the wing of the Prince of Peace, for He will save them from all

their enemies - “and shall break in pieces the oppressor.” He is strong to

smite the foes of His people. Oppressors have been great breakers, but their

time of retribution shall come, and they shall be broken themselves.

Sin, Satan, and all our enemies must be crushed by the iron rod of

 King Jesus  (Revelation 19:15).  We have, therefore, no cause to fear;

but abundant reason to sing:

 

"All hail the power of Jesus' name!

     Let angels prostrate fall,

Bring forth the royal diadem,

     And crown Him lord of all."

 

It is much better to be poor than to be an oppressor; for both the needy and

their children find an advocate in the heavenly Solomon, who aims all His

blows at haughty ones, and rests not till they are utterly destroyed.

 

5  “They shall fear thee as long as the sun and moon endure,” - And well

they may. Such righteousness wins the cheerful homage of the poor and

the godly, and strikes dismay into the souls of unrighteous oppressors; so

that all through the lands, both good and bad are filled with awe. Where

Jesus reigns in power men must render obeisance of some sort. His

kingdom, moreover, is no house of cards, or dynasty of days; it is as lasting

as the lights of heaven; days and nights will cease before He abdicates His

throne. Neither sun nor moon as yet manifest any failure in their radiance,

nor are there any signs of decrepitude in the kingdom of Jesus; on the

contrary, it is but in its youth, and is evidently the coming power, the rising

sun. Would to God that fresh vigor were imparted to all its citizens to

push at once the conquests of Immanuel to the uttermost ends of the earth -

“throughout all generations” shall the throne of the Redeemer stand.

Humanity shall not wear out the religion of the Incarnate God. No

infidelity shall wither it away, nor superstition smother it; it shall rise

immortal from what seemed its grave; as the true phoenix, it shall revive

from its ashes! As long as there are men on earth Christ shall have a throne

among them. Instead of the fathers shall be the children. Each generation

shall have a regeneration in its midst, let Pope and Devil do what they may.

Even at this hour we have before us the tokens of His eternal power; since

He ascended to His throne, eighteen hundred years ago, (now two thousand)

His dominion has not been overturned, though the mightiest of empires have

gone like visions of the night. We see on the shore of time the wrecks of the

Caesars, the relics of the Moguls, and the last remnants of the Ottomans.

Charlemagne, Maximilian, Napoleon, how they flit like shadows before us!

They were and are not; but Jesus for ever is. As for the houses of

Hohenzollern, Guelph, or Hapsburg, they have their hour; but the Son of

David has all hours and ages as His own.

 

6  “He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass:” -  Blessings

upon His gentle sway! Those great conquerors who have been the scourges

of mankind have fallen like the fiery hail of Sodom, transforming fruitful

lands into deserts; but He with mild, benignant influence softly refreshes the

weary and wounded among men, and makes them spring up into newness

of life. Pastures mown with the scythe, or shorn by the teeth of cattle,

present, as it were, so many bleeding stems of grass, but when the rain falls

it is balm to all these wounds, and it renews the verdure and beauty of the

field; fit image of the visits and benedictions of "the consolation of Israel."

(Luke 2:25) - My soul, how well it is for thee to be brought low, and to be

even as the meadows eaten bare and trodden down by cattle, for then to

thee shall the Lord have respect; He shall remember thy misery, and with

His own most precious love restore thee to more than thy former glory.

Welcome Jesus, thou true Bien-aime, the Well beloved, thou art far more

than Titus ever was--the Delight of Mankind - “as showers that water the

earth.”  Each crystal drop of rain tells of heavenly mercy, which forgets not

the parched plains: Jesus is all grace, all that He does is love, and His

presence among men is joy. We need to preach Him more, for no shower can

so refresh the nations. Philosophic preaching mocks men as with a dust

shower, but the gospel meets the case of fallen humanity, and happiness

flourishes beneath its genial power. Come down, O Lord, upon my soul,

and my heart shall blossom with thy praise:

 

"He shall come down as still and light

     As scattered drops on genial field;

And in His time who loves the right,

    Freely shall bloom, sweet peace her harvest yield."

 

7   “In His days shall the righteous flourish;” - Beneath the deadly Upas

of unrighteous rule no honest principles can be developed, and good men

can scarcely live; but where truth and uprightness are on the throne, the

best of men prosper most. A righteous king is the patron and producer of

righteous subjects. None flourish under Nero but those who are monsters

like himself: like will to like; and under the gentle Jesus the godly find a

happy shelter - “and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.”

Where Jesus reigns He is known as the true Melchizedek, king both of

righteousness and peace. Peace based upon right is sure to be lasting, but

no other will be.  Many a so called Holy Alliance has come to the ground

ere many moons have filled their horns, because craft formed the league,

perjury established it, and oppression was the design of it; but when Jesus

shall proclaim the great Truce of God, He will ordain perpetual peace, and

men shall learn war no more. (“Of the increase of His government and

peace, there shall be NO END”Isaiah 9:7) - The peace which Jesus brings

is not superficial or short lived; it is abundant in its depth and duration.

Let all hearts and voices welcome the King of nations; Jesus the Good,

the Great, the Just, the Ever blessed.

 

8  “He shall have dominion also from sea to sea,” - Wide spread shall be

the rule of Messiah; only the Land's End shall end His territory: to the

Ultima Thule shall his sceptre be extended. From Pacific to Atlantic, and

from Atlantic to Pacific, He shall be Lord, and the oceans which surround

each pole shall be beneath His sway. All other power shall be subordinate to

His; no rival nor antagonist shall He know. Men speak of the Emperor of all

the Russias, but Jesus shall be Ruler of all mankind - “and from the river

unto the ends of the earth.”  Start where you will, by any river you choose,

and Messiah's kingdom shall reach on to the utmost bounds of the round

world. As Solomon's realm embraced all the land of promise, and left no

unconquered margin; so shall the Son of David rule all lands given Him

in the better covenant, and leave no nation to pine beneath the tyranny of

the prince of darkness. We are encouraged by such a passage as this to look

for the Saviour's universal reign; whether before or after His personal advent

we leave for the discussion of others. In this Psalm, at least, we see a

personal monarch, and He is the central figure, the focus of all the glory;

not  His servant, but Himself do we see possessing the dominion and

dispensing the government. Personal pronouns referring to our great King

are constantly occurring in this Psalm; He has dominion kings fall down

before Him, and serve Him; for He delivers, He spares, He saves, He lives,

and daily is He praised.

 

9  “They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before Him;”

Unconquered by arms, they shall be subdued by love. Wild and lawless as

they have been, they shall gladly wear His easy yoke; (Matthew 11:28-30) –

then shall their deserts be made glad, yea, they shall rejoice and blossom as

the rose - “and His enemies shall lick the dust.”  If they will not be His

friends, they shall be utterly broken and humbled. Dust shall be the

serpent's meat; the seed of the serpent shall be filled therewith. Homage

among Orientals is often rendered in the most abject manner, and truly no

sign is too humiliating to denote the utter discomfiture and subjugation of

Messiah's foes. Tongues which rail at the Redeemer deserve to lick the dust.

Those who will not joyfully bow to such a prince richly merit to be hurled

down and laid prostrate; the dust is too good for them, since they trampled

on the blood of Christ.  (Philippians 2:9-11; Hebrews 10:29)

 

10 “The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents:” - Trade

shall be made subservient to the purposes of mediatorial rule; merchant

princes, both far and near, shall joyfully contribute of their wealth to His

throne. Seafaring places are good centers from which to spread the gospel;

and seafaring men often make earnest heralds of the cross. Tarshish of old

was so far away, that to the eastern mind it was lost in its remoteness, and

seemed to be upon the verge of the universe; even so far as imagination

itself can travel, shall the Son of David rule; across the blue sea shall His

scepter be stretched; the white cliffs of Britain already own Him, the gems

of the Southern Sea glitter for Him, even Iceland's heart is warm with His

love. Madagascar leaps to receive Him; and if there be isles of the

equatorial seas whose spices have as yet not been presented to Him, even

there shall He receive a revenue of glory. He has made many an islet to

become a Holy Isle, and hence, a true Formosa - “the kings of Sheba and

Seba shall offer gifts.”  Agriculture and pasturage shall contribute their

share. Foreign princes from inland regions, as yet unexplored, shall own

the all embracing monarchy of the King of kings; they shall be prompt to

pay their reverential tribute. Religious offerings shall they bring, for

their King is their God. Then shall Arabia Felix be happy indeed, and

the Fortunate Isles be more than fortunate. Observe, that true religion

leads to generous giving; we are not taxed in Christ's dominions, but we

are delighted to offer freely to Him. It will be a great day when kings

will do this: the poor widow has long ago been before them, it is time that

they followed; their subjects would be sure to imitate the royal example.

This free will offering is all Christ and His church desire; they want no

forced levies and distraints, let all men give of their own free will,

kings as well as commoners; alas! the rule has been for kings to give their

subjects' property to the church, and a wretched church has received this

robbery for a burnt offering; it shall not be thus when Jesus more openly

assumes the throne.

 

11  “Yea, all kings shall fall down before him:”  Personally shall they

pay their reverence, however mighty they may be. No matter how high

their state, how ancient their dynasty, or far off their realms, they shall

willingly accept Him as their Imperial Lord - “all nations shall serve Him.”  

The people shall be as obedient as the governors. The extent of the

mediatorial rule is set forth by the two far reaching alls, all kings, and all

nations: we see not as yet all things put under Him, but since we see Jesus

crowned with glory and honor in heaven, (I Corinthians 15:24-28) we are

altogether without doubt as to His universal monarchy on earth. It is not to

be imagined that an Alexander or a Caesar shall have wider sway than

the Son of God. "Every knee shall bow to Him, and every tongue shall

confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father."

Hasten it, O Lord, in thine own time.

 

12   “For He shall deliver the needy” - Here is an excellent reason for

man's submission to the Lord Christ; it is not because they dread His

overwhelming power, but because they are won over by His just and

condescending rule. Who would not fear so good a Prince, who makes the

needy His peculiar care, and pledges Himself to be their deliverer in times of

need? - ”when he crieth;”  He permits them to be so needy as to be driven to

cry bitterly for help, but then He hears them, and comes to their aid. A child's

cry touches a father's heart, and our King is the Father of His people. If we

can do no more than cry it will bring omnipotence to our aid. A cry is the

native language of a spiritually needy soul; it has done with fine phrases

and long orations, and it takes to sobs and moans; and so, indeed, it grasps

the most potent of all weapons, for heaven always yields to such artillery.

(Romans 8:26-27)  - “the poor also, and him that hath no helper.” The

proverb says, "God helps those that help themselves; "but it is yet more

true that Jesus helps those who cannot help themselves, nor find help in

others. All helpless ones are under the especial care of Zion's compassionate

King; let them hasten to put themselves in fellowship with Him. Let them

look to Him, for He is looking for them.  (I recommend three Spurgeon

sermons that can be found on this web site – Isaiah 45 – Life for a Look; 

Sovereignty and Salvation; The Life Look – all three a commentary on

Isaiah 45:22 - CY – 2011)

 

13  “He shall spare the poor and needy,” - His pity shall be manifested to

them; He will not allow their trials to overwhelm them; His rod of correction

shall fall lightly; He will be sparing of His rebukes, and not sparing in His

consolations - “and shall save the souls of the needy.”  His is the dominion

of souls, a spiritual and not a worldly empire; and the needy, that is to say,

the consciously unworthy and weak, shall find that He will give them His

salvation. Jesus calls not the righteous, but sinners to repentance (Luke 5:32).

He does not attempt the superfluous work of aiding proud Pharisees to air

Their vanity; but He is careful of poor Publicans whose eyes dare not look

up to heaven by reason of their sense of sin (Ibid. ch. 18:13).  We ought to

be anxious to be among these needy ones whom the Great King so highly

favors.

 

14  “He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence:” -  These two

things are the weapons with which the poor are assailed: both law and no

law are employed to fleece them. The fox and the lion are combined

against Christ's lambs, but the Shepherd will defeat them, and rescue the

defenseless from their teeth. A soul hunted by the temptations of Satanic

craft, and the insinuations of diabolical malice, will do well to fly to the

throne of Jesus for shelter - “and precious shall their blood be in His

sight.”  He will not throw away His subjects in needless wars as tyrants

have done, but will take every means for preserving the humblest of them.

Conquerors have reckoned thousands of lives as small items; they have

reddened fields with gore, as if blood were water, and flesh but manure

for harvests; but Jesus, though He gave His own blood, is very chary of

the blood of His servants, and if they must die for Him as martyrs, He

loves their memory, and counts their lives as His precious things.

 

15    “And He shall live,” -  Vive le Roi! O King! live for ever! He was slain,

but is risen and ever liveth (Revelation 1:18) - “and to Him shall be given of

the gold of Sheba:” - These are coronation gifts of the richest kind, cheerfully

presented at His throne. How gladly would we give Him all that we have and

are, and count the tribute far too small.  We may rejoice that Christ's cause

will not stand still for want of funds; the silver and the gold are His, and if

they are not to be found at home, far off lands shall hasten to make up the

deficit. Would to God we had more faith and more generosity - “prayer

also shall be made for him continually;” -  May all blessings be upon

His head; all His people desire that His cause may prosper, therefore do they

hourly cry, "Thy kingdom come" (Matthew 6:10).  Prayer for Jesus is a

very sweet idea, and one which should be for evermore lovingly carried

out; for the church is Christ's body, and the truth is His scepter; therefore

we pray for Him when we plead for these. The verse may, however, be

read as "through him," for it is by Christ as our Mediator that prayer enters

heaven and prevails. "Continue in prayer" (Colossians 4:2) - is the standing

precept of Messiah's reign, and it implies that the Lord will continue to bless.

“and daily shall He be praised.”  As He will perpetually show Himself to

be worthy of honor, so shall He be incessantly praised:

 

"For Him shall constant prayer be made,

And praises throng to crown His head;

His name, like sweet perfume, shall rise

With every morning's sacrifice."

 

16  “There shall be an handful of corn in the earth upon the top of the

Mountains;” -  From small beginnings great results shall spring. A mere

handful in a place naturally ungenial shall produce a matchless harvest.

What a blessing that there is a handful; "except the Lord of hosts had left

unto us a very small remnant we should have been as Sodom, and we

should have been like unto Gomorrah:" (Romans 9:29) - but now the

faithful are a living seed, and shall multiply in the land - “the fruit

thereof shall shake like Lebanon:” - The harvest shall be so great

that the wind shall rustle through it, and sound like the cedars upon

Lebanon:

 

"Like Lebanon, by soft winds fanned,

Rustles the golden harvest far and wide."

 

God's church is no mean thing; its beginnings are small, but its increase is

of the most astonishing kind. As Lebanon is conspicuous and celebrated, so

shall the church be - “and they of the city shall flourish like grass of the

earth.”  Another figure. Christ's subjects shall be as plentiful as blades of

grass, and shall as suddenly appear as eastern verdure after a heavy shower.

We need not fear for the cause of truth in the land; it is in good hands,

where the pleasure of the Lord is sure to prosper. (Isaiah 53:10) - "Fear

not, little flock, it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom."

(Luke 12:32) - When shall these words, which open up such a vista of

delight, be fulfilled in the midst of the earth?

 

17  “His name shall endure for ever:”  In its saving power, as the

rallying point of believers, and as renowned and glorified, His name shall

remain for ever the same - “His name shall be continued as long as the

sun:” -  While time is measured out by days, Jesus shall be glorious among

men – “and men shall be blessed in Him:” -  There shall be cause for all this

honor, for He shall really and truly be a benefactor to the race. He Himself

shall be earth's greatest blessing; when men wish to bless others they shall

bless in His name - “all nations shall call Him blessed.” The grateful

nations shall echo His benedictions, and wish Him happy who has made

them happy. Not only shall some glorify the Lord, but all; no land shall

remain in heathenism; all nations shall delight to do Him honor.

 

18  “Blessed be the Lord God, the God of Israel, who only doeth wondrous

things.  19  And blessed be His glorious name for ever:  and let the whole

earth be filled with His glory:  Amen and Amen.”   As Quesnel well observes,

these verses explain themselves.  They call rather for profound gratitude, and

emotion of heart, than for an exercise of the understanding; they are rather to

be used for adoration than for exposition. It is, and ever will be, the acme of

our desires, and the climax of our prayers, to behold Jesus exalted King of

kings and Lord of lords. He has done great wonders such as none else can

match, leaving all others so far behind, that He remains the sole and only

wonder worker; but equal marvels yet remain, for which we look with joyful

expectation. He is the Blessed God, and His name shall be blessed; His name

is glorious, and that glory shall fill the whole earth. For so bright a

consummation our heart yearns daily, and we cry Amen, and Amen.

 

20   The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended.”  What more

could he ask? He has climbed the summit of the mount of God; he desires

nothing more. With this upon his lip, he is content to die. He strips himself

of his own royalty and becomes only the "son of Jesse," thrice happy to

subside into nothing before the crowned Messiah. Before his believing eye

the reign of Jesus, like the sun, filled all around with light, and the holy soul

of the man after God's own heart exulted in it, and sung his "Nunc

dimittis:" "Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, for mine eyes

have seen thy salvation!" (Luke 2:29) - We, too, will cease from all petitioning

if it be granted to us to see the day of the Lord. Our blissful spirits will then

have nothing further to do but for ever to praise THE LORD OUR GOD!

 

 

 

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