July 22, 2007
v. 6 - The Lord's message unto Zerubbabel is that his
work will be accomplished through the grace of
"not by might, nor by power, but by my
spirit, saith the Lord of hosts"
Not by an army or any human means.
v. 7 - "Grace, grace unto it"
The operations of the Spirit are manifold, and His
aid alone could bring these mighty things to pass.
The oil is a figure of the grace of the Holy Spirit
and as the lamps are not supplied by human hands (v.2),
but directly from the olives - the work will be
supported by Divine means
All obstacles shall be removed - mountain made into a
plain - "if ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye
shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder
place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be
impossible to you" - Matt. 17:20
"headstone" - an allusion to Christ - "with shoutings,
crying, Grace, grace unto it"
v. 10 - "who hath despised the day of small things?"
The beginning of the temple - can anyone after these
promises and prophecies, presume to be doubtful
about the future?
v. 12 - "golden oil" - the grace of God, the influence
of the Holy Spirit, which alone enables the
Church to shine and to accomplish its
v. 14 - "These are the two anointed ones that stand
by the Lord of the whole earth"
The two olive trees are the two authorities - the
civil and the religious, through which God
communicates His grace to the Church - these
stand by the Lord because instituted by Him, they
carry out His will in the ordering, guiding,
extending, and purifying His kingdom among men!
state and church - two authorities are intimately
connected and when united their action tends to
one end - THE PROMOTION OF GOD'S GLORY -
in the salvation of men - thus was American History
prior to 1963
In Messiah these offices are united - He is the
channel of Divine grace, the source of light to the
Talk about American History - talk about the
divorce of these two - look what has happened
in the last 40 years - since the sixties, when the
courts started separating the two -
"What God hath joined together let no man put
In fact Israel originally was a theocracy - remember
the history of Samuel - Eli - Saul - then the hay day
of David and Solomon and all went down hill after that!
The church was to be a lamp - a candlestick - to be a
continual witness to men respecting things unseen and
eternal - a standing testimony in favor of truth, righteousness
and against error and sin!
Consider the blame or praise administered by Christ in
Revelation 2 and 3
The role of the state is explained in Romans 13:1-7
With or without us God always maintains in the world
a succession of special witnesses for Him - as Joshua would
ask - "who is on the Lord's side?"
God's great love for His people is shown in giving us His
only Son, Christ Jesus and the Holy Spirit to bear witness
God has entrusted especially to men the duty of keeping
alight among men the "candlestick" of His truth.
"Go ye therefore and teach all nations" - Matt. 28:19
"upon this rock I will build my church and the gates
of hell shall not prevail against it" - Matt. 16:18
This chapter seems to portray the expulsion
of wickedness from the land - during the
captivity, the Jewish people had become lax
in morality - especially towards theft and perjury - v.3.
The spirit of covetousness lies at the
root of all theft -
"flying roll" - covering the entire earth
"ephah" - the largest measure in use - this
measuring something of unusual magnitude -
national sin and wickedness
v. 8 - "this is wickedness" - contents of the ephah
v. 11 - "Shinar" - where the first world power arrayed
itself against God at Babel.
"mystery Babylon" - Rev. 11:8 - which is also called
"Sodom and Egypt".
Sin has a cumulative nature - like compound interest -
it accrues - the sins of yesterday greatly aggravate the
sins of today.
If sin is not repented of, nor atoned for, the issue is
not only banishment but "death" itself.
Rom. 6:23 - "the wages of sin is death"
vs. 1-5 - spirits who "stand before the Lord of the whole
earth" - represented as chariots of war - they are
orderly and diverse - some go in this direction,
some in that - some go before - some follow - some
in one direction - some in every direction - but all
in strict subordination to the purposes of God.
vs. 11-12 - "Behold the Man whose name is the Branch"
Branch-Shoot-Messiah - whom Joshua represented.
He and no one else shall build - "He shall bear the glory"
"shall sit and rule upon His throne"
"He shall be a Priest upon His throne"
"the counsel of peace shall be between them both"
Two offices in one person - Priest and King - He
shall bring peace to His people!
These are generally divided and incompatible offices!
Acts 5:31 - "Him hath God exalted with His right hand
to be a Prince and a Savior"
The two-fold glory of v. 13 -
Joshua - after the exodus brings the children of Israel into
Another Jesus in ch. 3:6-10 - after the captivity typifies the
two natures of Christ
A third Jesus - the Messiah - arises and is He in whom all these
things are fulfilled.
Whenever we penetrate far enough beneath the surface,
we find this one "Rock" - must He not, like the granite
in geological formations, be the Foundation of all?
Spurgeon: Would you know astronomy? It is here;
it tells you of the Sun of Righteousness and the
Star of Bethlehem. Would you know botany?
It is here; it tells you of the plant of renown -
the Lily of the Valley and the Rose of Sharon.
Would you know geology and mineralogy? You
shall learn it here, for you may read of the Rock
of Ages and the White Stone with a name graven
thereon, which no man knows, saving he that
I Cor. 12:6-11