July 29, 2007
The question was whether a fast instituted in
memory of the calamity of Jerusalem was still
to be observed.
v. 5 - "Did ye at all fast unto me?"
It was not by God's command, or to do Him honor,
that they fasted, not from repentance or sorrow for
sins which had BROUGHT RUIN UPON THEIR
CITY AND THEIR COUNTRY but from vexation
at the calamity itself and in a self-righteous spirit,
with some idea of gain-saying merit by this
punishment of the body.
v. 6 - "did ye not eat for yourselves and drink
There the matter ends; it is self that is concerned,
and there is no reference to God!
The exceeding penetration of God's Word!
Give example of exposure of dogs with which
Michael Vick of the Atlanta Falcons has been
"naked and laid open"
"laid open" - a seizing by the throat and
pulling back the neck - overthrowing or laying
Bending back the neck is the primary reading -
also throwing on the ground supine (with back on
ground and looking upward) so as to be
thoroughly exposed to view.
The idea that whatever shamefaced creature
bows its head and would fain withdraw and
cloak itself from the eyes of God has indeed,
as its throat bent back before those eyes, with
no possibility of escape, exposed and naked.
"laid open" - complete exposure
v. 7 - "when Jerusalem was inhabited"
He recalls the former prosperity to their memory,
contrasting it with their present low estate, to
remind them of all that they had lost in
punishment and disobedience.
vs. 11 - Three degrees of obduracy are named
in this verse: they refused to listen; they
resisted the warners, they exhibited open
contempt for them.
II Chron. 36:14-16
v. 12 - No message from God could find entrance?
"therefore came a great wrath from the Lord of
How many cities, kingdoms, empires and races,
once great on the earth, might have all that is
really essential to their history recounted precisely as
v. 14 - "I scattered them" - what had happened in
the past is a sign of what shall befall in the
"for they laid the pleasant land waste" - the
disobedient Jews' sin being the cause of the
v. 2 - "Thus saith the Lord of hosts" - this formula
occurs ten times in this chapter, thus enforcing
the truth that all the promises made to Zion
come from the Lord Himself!
2, 4, 6 - twice, 7, 9, 11, 14 - twice, 19,20, 23
* twenty-seven (27) times - "thus saith the Lord of hosts"
in book of Zechariah
* fifty-three (53) "times Lord of hosts" - in Zechariah
v. 3- "Thus saith the Lord; I am returned unto Zion,
and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem"
God had returned to Jerusalem - compare sequence in
Ezekiel 8:4, 9:3, 10:4, 18, 11:23, 43:4
Compare Revelation 21:1-8
"Jerusalem shall be called a city of truth"
Exodus 34:6 - "The Lord God.....abundant in truth"
vs. 16-17 - the prevalent sins of that time was not idolatry
but cheating and lying and injustice, vices learned in
the land of exile, where they had turned their
energies to traffic and commerce - see ch. 5:2-4
v. 19 - "joy and gladness,.....cheerful feasts....love the truth
vs. 21-22 - The Gentiles would be moved, not only to make
the pilgrimage to the great annual festivals, but to
seek to know the Lord and how to worship him
"I will go also"
v. 23 - "we will go with you" - the true Israelites are not
merely those of the natural posterity of Abraham,
but all true Christians united under Christ, the