ch. 16



vs. 1-13 - The Choice of David to be Successor to Saul


v. 1 - "How long wilt thou mourn for Saul?"


The grief of Samuel was prolonged almost to a

sinful extent.


God will not have His great purpose in Christ arrested

in realization by the failure of one or the brooding

grief of another.  During the separation of Samuel from

Saul the unseen h and had been guarding and guiding a

youth at Bethlehem.


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vs. 1-3 - The Lord told Samuel to take a horn of oil and go to

            the house of Jesse and that "I will shew thee what thou

            shalt do"


It is as true for us as for Samuel that, in our sphere, the Lord

will show us what next to do.  Faithfulness day by day in small

things will make us keen to recognize the Divine voice with

reference to greater things.



“I have provided me a king” - this time the people

are not consulted or heeded.


 God has the power to plant, pull up, establish, destroy,

any of us in any situation!


In every age God has His purposes to fulfill, and they

continue to unfold notwithstanding the unfaithfulness

of some and faithfulness of others.


In the history of the Christian Church, men of the type

of Saul have been discarded and others of Samuel’s

spirit have wept in solitude; but neither the failure

nor the protracted sorrow have been allowed to arrest

the silent, sure progression toward the Messianic Age.



In all the missteps in life, there is a Wise and Mericful

Providence working on in unbroken lines towards the

realization of the promise God made to Abraham -

“In thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed”


How sad - Matthew 8:11-12             


v. 2


v. 7 - "Look not on his countenance, or on the height

            of his stature; .....for the Lord seeth not as man

            seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance

            but the Lord looketh on the heart"


External advantages do not necessarily imply

real worth of heart


vs. 11-12 - David was probably a mere boy,

            and as such had not been thought worthy

            of an invitation but had been left with the

            servants keeping the sheep.


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v. 14 - “But the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul,

            and an evil spirit from the Lord troubled him.”


David was selected to be trained in Samuel’s schools.


Samuel gave to David that which Saul had lacked,

long and careful training.  David profited by it.


He perfected his skill, not only in reading & writing,

but in poetry and music.


Saul and David were both men of extraordinary

natural ability; but the one is shy & awkward with

all the defects of an uneducated man.


David was carefully educated in the Law of God

which led his mind toward that which is good.


It was Samuel’s last and crowning work.  Prophecy

and monarchy were both of his institution (as God’s



He trained the man who more nearly than any other

(except for sin) approached unto the ideal of the

theocratic king, and was to Israel the type of their

coming Messiah.


It was a “breathing of Jehovah” which moved David

and fostered in him all that was morally great and good,

just as the Spirit of God moved upon the waters at the

beginning of Creation.

David grew like Christ - Luke 2:52  - also John 20:22

The new king was chosen because God knew him

to be the best representative of the spiritual calling

of Israel in the world. - Ch. 13:14 - “a man after

God’s own heart”.


Of course, no man, no words, no institutions, can

adequately set forth the qualities of the “express

image” of the Father’s Person.   Heb. 1:1-3


v. 14 - “but the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul”


“an evil spirit” - feeding the soul on regrets.


There was a gradual decline and abasement of Saul’s



As David grew from a child into a hero (ch. 17)

so Saul, from being a hero into a moody & resentful



Saul seems to have brooded over his deposition by

Samuel and instead of repenting to have regarded

himself as an ill-used man, and given up to

despondency, until he became a prey to melancholy,

and his mind was clouded. 


Saul’s servants rightly discerned this as a Divine

punishment - “behold an evil spirit from God

troubleth thee” - v. 15

v. 18 - Description of David - “prudent in matters” -

            intelligent in speech.


v. 23 - We have here a summary of the relations

            of Saul to David until the unfortunate day

            when the king heard the women ascribe

            to the youthful soldier higher honor - ch. 18:7


The once friendly feelings toward David gave way

to a growing dislike which deprived Saul of a faithful

servant, and finally cost him his crown and life on

Mt. Gilboa.  Ch. 31:7-10


Saul was man’s man - David was God’s man.







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