April 27, 2003

                                    Guard Against Bad Solutions

                                                I Kings 15 & 16

                                             II Chronicles 13-16



                                                       ch. 15


v. 2 - “his mother’s name was Maachah” - I will not

            venture to spend much time here except

            the name means oppression - the possibility

            of her name coming from Syria Maachah,

            Geshur - wild area - refuge for outlaws &



            II Sam. 3:3      Name changed to Hebrew

            Michajahu - Who is like Jehovah?


            Absalom’s daughter or granddaughter -

            she was the Michaiah - (Who is like God?)

            of II Chron. 13:2


            Asa her grandson - she the queen mother -

            her name reverted back to the degraded

            Maachah at her deposition for her idolatry.


If this was the only instance in Scripture it should warn

us of departing from the Living God!


v. 3 - It does not appear that Abijah was a vicious man -

            he is spoken of as pious in II Chron. 13:10-12

            but he sanctioned idolatry as this verse implies.


II Chron. 13:5 - “Ought ye not to know .....”


vs. 4-5 - David, still the standard - “a man after God’s

            own heart”


Read v. 5


v. 9 - The reign of Asa - related at length in parallel

            passages in II Chron. 14-16


v. 10 - 41 years - Asa saw 8 kings on the throne of

            Israel - Jeroboam, Nadab, Baasha, Elah,

            Zimri, Tibni, Omri & Ahab


There is some question as to if Maachah was Asa’s

mother or grandmother.


vs. 11-13 - read & comment.


A time of internal reforms & external discipline.


Can morality support itself without a religious basis

and religious sanctions?  Democracy cannot exist

for long without morality - a Founding Father         


Parallel           II Chron. 14:1-7


Asa’s reforms raised the tone of public morality by

suppressing the idolatry which sanctioned &

consecrated impurity - Hollywood


v. 12 - “he took away the Sodomites out of the land”


McGee - It is not a mark of being civilized when any

            nation drops to the low level we have today.

            God gives up any people who have a permissive

            society, openly allowing homosexuality.  We

            need to recognize how serious a sin homo-

            sexuality is  - it is a mark of gross degradation.

            It is as corrupt and depraved a sin that man

            can commit - man cannot sink any lower than

            this.  When men get this low God gives them up.

            Asa dealt with the problem and he is called a good

            king.  God has not changed his mind on this issue.


            What an abyss of corruption does this one brief

            sentence reveal to us.  - Sen. Sanatorium’s

            predicament - Dixie Chicks nude photo

            on magazine


“It is a shame even to speak of those things

which were done of them in secret” - Eph. 5:11-13


A profitable parallel study would be Ezekiel 8:5-18


Idols - ball of dung - Beelzebul - the lord of dung.


Maachah’s idol - a phallic image planted erect in

the ground - not called a thing of shame but a horrendum.


v. 13


v. 12 - “and removed all the idols that his fathers had

            made” - the bitter fruits of Solomon’s sin -

            by granting to foreign deities & shameful

            superstitions a footing in Immanuel’s land,

            it was more than his feeble successors could

            do to dislodge them.

The people “loved to have it so” - Jer. 5:31 & neither

Rehoboam nor Abijah was strong enough to tell them



Thus did Solomon, down to Asa’s days, and even to

the time of the captivity, go on sinning in his grave.


II Chron. 36:14           I Tim. 5:24 - “Some men’s sins

                                    are open beforehand, going before

                                    to judgment; and some men’s they

                                    follow after”


v. 13 - He began at the right place - the Japanese

            have a proverb - “Fish begin to stink at the head”


If the court be corrupt, profligate, irreligious, the

commonality will soon follow suit, for we all imitate our

superiors.   ex. Bill Clinton’s sexual escapade’s influence

on adolescents & teenager's sexual behavior as commonly

reported by the media.


Courts, lawyers, Hollywood & the general populace will

give an account for promiscuous behavior.


This public burning, witnessed by crowds of spectators,

spoke louder than any words or ordinances could do.


When they saw the “horror” reduced to ashes and cast

in the brook they could have no doubt as to the purpose

of the king, whose side he was on!  Asa following

Moses’ example in Exodus.



II Chron. 14:3 - “brake down the images, & cut down

                        the groves” - terms voluptuous &

                        sensual show up in commentary.


 v. 14 -             Parallel - II Chron. 15:1-17


v. 16 - Civil War         vs. 18-20 - Asa’s wrong solution.


The short cut which Asa thought to take was not

the safe nor the right one.


Contrast II Chron. 14:9-12 with II Chron. 16:7-12


“thou shalt have wars”


v. 17 - Baasha trying to stop the alarming defection

            of all that was virtuous out of his borders.


v. 18 - a serious mistake without authority.


Not home yet - Asa’s reign was remarkable for his

devotion to God but it did not reach its end without

a mournful defection on Asa’s trust in God.


A mark left tarnished for all ages, a reign

that otherwise would have been the fairest

among all the kings of Judah.


v. 20 - Commentary says that this is the last

            mention of the place in Scripture.


Retribution had fallen on one of the centers

of Jeroboam’s schism.

v. 29 - Retribution falling on Jeroboam as

            promised by God - 14:10




Two parties - Jeroboam sinned and made

            the people also to sin.  One suggested

            it, the other embraced it.


What Jeroboam suffered:

            a. foreknowledge that his kingdom would

                be overthrown.

            b. foretaste of the destruction of his family

                (his posterity swept away like dung)

            c. remorse & vexation - compare the two

                messages of Ahijah - ch. 11:31-39 giving

                him dominion over ten tribes & ch. 14:7-16

                giving him neither subject or survivor.

            d. the shameful murder of his family

            e. his own untimely end


What the people suffered:

            a.  misgovernment - of the kings of Israel

                 there was not one who did not “do evil”

                 in the sight of the Lord.

            b.  civil war

            c.  invasion by Ahijah, Shishak, Syria

            d.  loss of territory - Israel was cut short

                 II Kings 10:32

            e.  famine - II Kings 8:1

            f.  Captivity - carried away to Babylon


The possibilities of today with Babylon.

NT prophecy - rebuilt - riches - US/Iraqi War-


In Clarksville book store Lifeway - I read

where the UN sets up in Babylon.


                                    ch. 16


Nothing but evil kings in Israel.


Baasha - Message from the Lord through Jehu.


All the prophets in succession have the same

message from God for the same sins.


v. 2 - The workings of Jeroboam’s sin.


The constant disaffections and periodical

upheavings of society in the northern kingdom

compared with the quietness & security in Judah.


II Chron. 14:5-7 - three successive verses -

            “quiet”  “no war”  “rest”


Jeroboam had accustomed the people to play

fast & loose with the commandments of heaven.


A daring impiety characterizes the whole period from

Jeroboam to Hoshea.  A practically atheistic,

priest-less, lawless life.




The Tabernacle of Witness in the wilderness was given

up for the tabernacle of Moloch & the star god of

Remphan” - Acts 7:42-43


If men will not have God in their thoughts, He gives

them over to a reprobate mind - Rom. 1:28

The Jews have a saying, that in all the scourgings,

plagues & chastisements which they have endured,

there is not one but has in it an ounce of the dust

of the golden calf which Aaron made.  The saying

holds true for Jeroboam of the calves which he

made.  There is not one of the troubles which

befell both the crown & the kingdom which the ten

tribes endured, but had its starting point in the sin

of Jeroboam.


v. 9 - “Zimri ...as he was in Tirzah, drinking

            himself drunk”


Insubordination and impiety - sin after sin,

sinner after sinner.   v. 13


v. 19 - Sins finding him out.


v. 21 - “Then were the people of Israel

            divided into two parts:  half of the

            people followed Tibni....half followed



America split along the same lines & for the same reasons?