May 20, 2007
II Peter 2:1-22
v. 1 - the last chapter mentioned true prophets who
spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost -
Contrast - pseudo-prophets - false prophets - who assumed
without warrant the prophetic character - they are
pretenders - also pseudo-teachers - both do not have
a Divine mission!
"who privily bring in damnable heresies" - (heresies of
destruction) they bring their errors in beside true doctrine -
it also implies the secondary notion of secrecy.
These heresies destroy the soul - both to those led astray
and to the false teachers themselves.
The Greek word denotes - a choosing, a choice - then that
which is chosen and hence an opinion, especially a self-
willed opinion, which is substituted for submission to the
truth and leads to division and formation of sects.
I guess this makes pro-choice a heresy!
"denying the Lord that bought them" who "tasted death
for every man" - Heb. 2:10
What the practical denial of the Lord Jesus leads to:
an ungodly and licentious life
"and bring upon themselves swift destruction" - this
is the consequence of the former!
v. 2 - "many shall follow their pernicious ways"
pernicious - denotes excess, licentiousness, lack of
restraint, indecency, wantonness - the prominent idea
is shameless conduct!
"by reason of whom the way of the truth shall be
evil spoken of"
v. 3 - They operate in the sphere of covetousness -
deceiving men for money - making a profit out
of people or things - their real motive is not the
salvation of men but their own selfish gain!
Their judgment slumbereth not - it will fall on them
suddenly - "it is a fearful thing to fall into the hands
of the living God" - Heb. 10:31
vs. 4-6 - Ancient examples of punishment -
(a) fallen angels - cast down to Tartarus - the division
of Hades which is the place of preliminary punishment
(The Spirit World by Clarence Larkin) - as distinguished
from Gehenna, the place of final punishment.
(b) the Flood - the most disastrous thing that has happened
in the history of the human race - only to be superceded by -
the coming of Jesus Christ "in flaming fire taking vengeance -
on them that know not God" - II Thess. 1:8 -See also II Pet. 3:10-11 -
the wickedness of man was great - every imagination of the -
thoughts of his heart was only evil continually - an awful --
picture of the corrupting power of sin - God spared not the
ancient world - the antediluvians were ungodly - they had
lost the impression even of the existence of God and had
cast off Divine restraints. They ate and drank and
lived a life devoted to the world of sense. The exception
was Noah - " a preacher of righteousness" in the midst
of the prevailing ungodliness.
(c) the overthrow of
God condemned them with an overthrow and
turned the cities into ashes - His purpose was to
make them for all time an example (Jude7) unto those who
should live ungodly so as to know what to expect
from ungodliness! They were obliterated!
Lot made a choice - he
should never have been in
he is called
had no regard for law either human or Divine - their
behavior had a
"wearing out effect" on
saw and heard tormented his righteous soul.
Bright side - "The Lord knoweth how to deliver the
godly out of temptation" - the godly are not
exempt from temptation but are delivered out of it.
Dark side - "and to reserve the unjust unto the day
of judgment to be punished"
"spared not the angels that sinned" - He will not spare
"spared not the old world" - the fewness of the saved
"turned the cities of
"saved Noah...a preacher of righteousness"
Through all this compare what Jude said!
v. 7 - "filthy conversation of the wicked" - the
behavior of the lawless in their licentiousness"
licentiousness - lacking moral restraint - a disregard of
sexual restraint - a disregard of strict conduct -
v. 8 - "seeing and
hearing" - a daily grief to
guilt of dishonor done to God and the guilt of his
v. 9 - The Lord knows how to deliver the righteous
and punish the wicked.
My commentary said that Aristotle ( I don't know what
he has to do with it) made a distinction between
kolasis - chastisement for the good of those chastised and
timoria - punishment inflicted on the incorrigible for the
satisfaction of justice but it cannot be maintained in
Koine Greek of the New Testament times - interesting
v. 10 - "chiefly"- "them that walk after the flesh in the lust
"and despise government" - all forms of authority
"presumptuous" - daring " - "Fools make a mock at
sin" - Prov. 14:9
They talk wildly, living on the edge, dissecting things above
v. 12 - "as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and
destroyed" - as creatures without reason, as animals
to be taken and destroyed"
Compare Romans 1:21-32 - How ironical the evolutionists!
"speak evil of things they understand not"
"shall utterly perish in their own corruption"
The false teachers who act like irrational animals,
shall be destroyed with the destruction of irrational
v. 13 - they are not only insubordinate, irreverent, but
also sensual - "they count it pleasure to riot in
the daytime" - living for a day - enjoying what
is temporal and short-lived.
They give the business hours of the day to self-indulgence.
They are "spots...and blemishes" - they are deceivers -
and are self-indulgent.
v. 14 -
v. 15 - "which have forsaken the right way and are
v. 17 - "to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for
v. 18 - "allure through the lusts of the flesh....wantonness" -
they hide their deadly hook with an alluring bait -
the sphere in which these men live - their habits of life.
v. 19 - "liberty" - these libertines preached liberty in
great swelling words - they talked loudly but
what they meant was the liberty to sin.
They want freedom from moral restraints - it is a revolt
against the Law of God - it is a LIE - it contradicts both
the moral instincts of human nature and the truth
They erroneously want peace and prosperity with
freedom to live like the devil, break God's commandments with
impunity and have all the benefits of a good economy but that
goes against the teachings of the Bible and God becomes
involved in JUDGMENT!
"Bawl for freedom in their senseless mood,
And still revolt when truth would set them free.
mean when they cry, '
For who loves that must first be wise and good"
They are those who denounce "patriotism as the last
refuge of a scoundrel" and are unfamiliar with
George Washington's position "that it is impossible to
rightly govern the world without God and the Bible!
They deny that human beings are constituted with
moral capabilities and with faculties to be used in
a moral life.
BEWARE OF FALSE TEACHERS - gifted maybe,
but who endeavor to lower by their writings or
philosophy the standard of human morality.
"they themselves are servants of corruption" - all
the time bond servants, the slaves of corruption!
They have yielded themselves up to the evil one - he
has corrupted their whole nature and uses them to
corrupt others - BEWARE THIS HAPPENS NOT TO
v. 21 - "the way of righteousness" - the state to which we
are advancing where unrighteousness is altogether
and for ever unknown. ch. 3:13 Rev. 21:27
A summary of false teachers :
choice/heresy self-indulgent passion daring
insolent disrespectful rude
insulting deluders/deceivers cheats
treacherous unreliable sensual
greedy obsessed with pleasure covetous
They bring in by the side of truth their heresies.
It has a resemblance of form but denial in substance.
Truth saves but heresies destroy.
Punishment came because of:
lawlessness - "despise government" - v. 10
luxurious living - "revel in the daytime" - v. 13
sensuality - "having eyes full of adultery" - v. 14
covetousness - "having a heart exercised in covetousness" - v. 14
false promises - "great swelling words" - v. 18
apostasy - v. 20
v. 22 - The false teachers are compared to the dog and the sow -
animals abhorred in the East -
LET US BE CAREFUL NOT TO GIVE IN TO THE OLD NATURE!