May 20, 2007

                                    II Peter 2:1-22


v. 1 - the last chapter mentioned true prophets who

            spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost -


Contrast - pseudo-prophets - false prophets - who assumed

without warrant the prophetic character - they are

pretenders - also pseudo-teachers - both do not have

a Divine mission!


"who privily bring in damnable heresies" - (heresies of

destruction) they bring their errors in beside true doctrine -

it also implies the secondary notion of secrecy.


These heresies destroy the soul - both to those led astray

and to the false teachers themselves.


The Greek word denotes - a choosing, a choice - then that

which is chosen and hence an opinion, especially a self-

willed opinion, which is substituted for submission to the

truth and leads to division and formation of sects.



I guess this makes pro-choice a heresy!



"denying the Lord that bought them" who "tasted death

for every man" - Heb. 2:10


What the practical denial of the Lord Jesus leads to:

an ungodly and licentious life


"and bring upon themselves swift destruction" - this

is the consequence of the former!


v. 2 - "many shall follow their pernicious ways"


pernicious - denotes excess, licentiousness,  lack of

restraint, indecency, wantonness - the prominent idea

is shameless conduct!


"by reason of whom the way of the truth shall be

evil spoken of"


v. 3 - They operate in the sphere of covetousness -

            deceiving men for money - making a profit out

            of people or things - their real motive is not the

            salvation of men but their own selfish gain!


Their judgment slumbereth not - it will fall on them

suddenly - "it is a fearful thing to fall into the hands

of the living God" - Heb. 10:31





vs. 4-6 - Ancient examples of punishment -


(a) fallen angels - cast down to Tartarus - the division

     of Hades  which is the place of preliminary punishment

    (The Spirit World  by Clarence Larkin)  - as distinguished

    from Gehenna, the place of final punishment.


(b) the Flood - the most disastrous thing that has happened

     in the history of  the human race - only to be superceded by -  

     the coming of Jesus Christ "in flaming fire taking vengeance  -

     on them that know not God" - II Thess. 1:8 -See also II Pet. 3:10-11     - 

     the wickedness of man was great - every imagination of the - 

     thoughts of his heart was only evil continually - an awful --   

     picture of the corrupting power of sin  - God spared not the

     ancient world - the antediluvians were ungodly - they had

     lost the impression even of the existence of God and had

    cast off Divine restraints. They ate and drank and

     lived a life devoted to the world of sense. The exception

     was Noah - " a preacher of righteousness" in the midst

     of the prevailing ungodliness.


(c) the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah -

     God condemned them with an overthrow and

     turned the cities into ashes - His purpose was to

     make them for all time an example (Jude7) unto those who

     should live ungodly so as to know what to expect

     from ungodliness!  They were obliterated!


Check out Sodom and Gomorrah at


"consume"  "powder"


Lot made a choice - he should never have been in Sodom -

he is called "righteous Lot" - he dwelt with people who

had no regard for law either human or Divine - their

behavior had a "wearing out effect" on Lot - what he

saw and heard tormented his righteous soul.


Bright side - "The Lord knoweth how to deliver the

            godly out of temptation" - the godly are not

            exempt from temptation but are delivered out of it.


Dark side - "and to reserve the unjust unto the day

            of judgment to be punished"


"spared not the angels that sinned" - He will not spare

   evil men.

"spared not the old world" - the fewness of the saved

"turned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah into ashes"

"saved Noah...a preacher of righteousness"

"delivered just Lot"


Through all this compare what Jude said!


v. 7 - "filthy conversation of the wicked" - the

          behavior of the lawless in their licentiousness"


licentiousness - lacking moral restraint - a disregard of

sexual restraint - a disregard of  strict conduct -



v. 8 - "seeing and hearing" - a daily grief to Lot - he felt the

guilt of dishonor done to God and the guilt of his

unhappy choice.


v. 9 - The Lord knows how to deliver the righteous

            and punish the wicked.


My commentary said that Aristotle ( I don't know what

he has to do with it) made a distinction between


kolasis - chastisement for the good of those chastised and

timoria - punishment inflicted on the incorrigible for the

satisfaction of justice but it cannot be maintained in               

Koine Greek of the New Testament times - interesting

thought though!



v. 10 - "chiefly"- "them that walk after the flesh in the lust

            of uncleanness"


            "and despise government" - all forms of authority


            "presumptuous" - daring " - "Fools make a mock at

              sin" - Prov. 14:9


They talk wildly, living on the edge,  dissecting things above

their comprehension!


v. 12 - "as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and

            destroyed" - as creatures without reason, as animals

            to be taken and destroyed"


Compare Romans 1:21-32 - How ironical the evolutionists!


"speak evil of things they understand not"


"shall utterly perish in their own corruption"


The false teachers who act like irrational animals,

shall be destroyed with the destruction of irrational



v. 13 - they are not only insubordinate, irreverent, but

            also sensual - "they count it pleasure to riot in

            the daytime" - living for a day - enjoying what

            is temporal and short-lived.


They give the business hours of the day to self-indulgence.


They are "spots...and blemishes" - they are deceivers -

and are self-indulgent.


v. 14 -


v. 15 - "which have forsaken the right way and are

            gone astray


v. 17 - "to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for



v. 18 - "allure through the lusts of the flesh....wantonness" -

            they hide their deadly hook with an alluring bait -

            the sphere in which these men live - their habits of life.


v. 19 - "liberty" - these libertines preached liberty in

            great swelling words - they talked loudly but

            what they meant was the liberty to sin.


They want freedom from moral restraints - it is a revolt

against the Law of God  - it is a LIE - it contradicts both

the moral instincts of  human nature and the truth

of God.


They erroneously want peace and prosperity with

freedom to live like the devil, break God's commandments with

impunity and have all the benefits of a good economy but that

goes against the teachings of the Bible and God becomes

involved in JUDGMENT!


Milton says they:

            "Bawl for freedom in their senseless mood,

                    And still revolt when truth would set them free.

                    Licence they mean when they cry, 'Liberty"!

                For who loves that must first be wise and good"


They are those who denounce "patriotism as the last

refuge of a scoundrel" and are unfamiliar with

George Washington's position "that it is impossible to

rightly govern the world without God and the Bible!


They deny that human beings are constituted with

moral capabilities and with faculties to be used in

a moral life.



but who endeavor to lower by their writings or

philosophy the standard of human morality.


"they themselves are servants of corruption" - all

the time bond servants, the slaves of corruption!


They have yielded themselves up to the evil one - he

has corrupted their whole nature and uses them to




v. 21 - "the way of righteousness" - the state to which we

            are advancing where unrighteousness is altogether

            and for ever unknown.  ch. 3:13        Rev. 21:27






A summary of false teachers :


choice/heresy             self-indulgent passion            daring                         

insolent                       disrespectful                           rude

insulting                      deluders/deceivers                 cheats

treacherous                unreliable                                sensual

greedy                         obsessed with pleasure          covetous


They bring in by the side of truth their heresies.

It has a resemblance of form but denial in substance.

Truth saves but heresies destroy.


Punishment came because of:


lawlessness - "despise government" - v. 10

luxurious living - "revel in the daytime" - v. 13

sensuality - "having eyes full of adultery" - v. 14

covetousness - "having a heart exercised in covetousness" - v. 14

false promises - "great swelling words"  - v. 18

apostasy - v. 20


v. 22 - The false teachers are compared to the dog and the sow -

            animals abhorred in the East -