ch. 23



v. 1 – “Now these be the last words of David”…. the

            man raised up on high, the anointed of…. God

            … and the sweet psalmist of Israel.


David was a special person with special gifts.


The psalm in the previous chapter was written when

David was at the zenith of his power, and when still

unstained by foul crime, he could  claim God’s favor

as well his innocence.


This latest inspired utterance was written towards the end

of the calm period which followed upon the restoration to

his throne, and when time and the sense of God’s renewed

favor had healed the wounds of his soul


David’s last words –



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v. 5 -  David could not but feel that his house was

            too stained with sin upon sin for him to be

            able to lay claim to have been in fact that

            which the theocratic king was in theory -

            and what he ought to have been as the

            representative of Christ and, he the anointed

            of God.


These are sad words indeed!


David had failed in realizing the better purposes of

his heart, and it was of God’s good pleasure that

the covenant, in spite of personal failure, remained

firm and secure. 


vs. 6-7 – “the sons of Belial” – not a proper name but

a word signifying “worthlessness”.



David is saying that the vicious worthlessness which opposes

righteous government must be treated like thorns, too prickly

and sharp pointed for gentle dealing.  They must be torn up by

an iron hook fixed to the end of a spear handle & then burnt.


There seems to be plenty of those who oppose righteous

government in Washington, D. C. and many state houses

these days.   Apparently, the Bible is to the American

populace too out of date and too politically incorrect to

expect treatment as this.


Just remember  “The wicked shall be turned into hell

and all nations that forget God”  - Psalm 9:17 and

“If the foundations be destroyed, what can the righteous

do?” – Psalm 11:3


As the old people use to say “It is too late to shut the gate

after the horse is out” – I hope this does not apply here!


Authorized Version - “even to nothing”

Septuagint - “their shame



vs. 8-39 - David’s mighties.


A similar list is given in I Chronicles 11:10-47


A large number came from Judah, especially from

Bethlehem.  Several are David’s relatives.

Seven towns and seven families furnish sixteen out

of the whole list.  There is a father and a son, pairs of

brothers, numerous foreigners - Hittites, Ammonites,

Moabites, a Syrian from Zobah, and Gideonites,

descended from the aborigines of Canaan.


Such a list would have been sorely resented had

it not been formed out of men who had earned it

by their past services and their fidelity to David.


Their names and some of their remarkable feats

are given here with one notable exception:



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How sad for Ahithophel to have his name blotted out of the Bible

but  beware that a worse thing does not happen to you.  That is, your name be blotted out of the Lamb’s Book of Life – Revelation 3:5


Here I want to add a few comments.


In vs. 19 and 23 and in I Chronicles 11:21 and 25 we have

the term “first three.”  Many of the other mighties of David

are spoken of very highly but as not “attaining unto the first three”.


In Revelation 21:12-14, the wall of the New Jerusalem had

twelve gates and “the names of the twelve tribes of Israel” written

on them.  The city has twelve foundations and in them “the names

of the twelve apostles of the Lamb”


You and I are not one of the twelve sons of Jacob nor are we one

of Christ’s original twelve disciples but we can do exploits through the Lord even though we do not “attain to the first three” or in this instance,

“the twelve.”





But we can do what we can.  When I first came to Hopkinsville in the

late 1960”s I remember hearing a black preacher over WHOP one

Sunday night preach on Mark 14:3-9 – about the woman who poured an

alabaster box of spikenard on the head of Christ to anoint His

body for burying.  In verse 8 – Christ said “she hath done what

she could”.


I remember this to this day and although I must confess that I

have not done all I could, I still must try to do what I can and

we can rest assured that God will bless it.


Jesus said “I must work the works of Him that sent me, while

        it is day:  the night cometh, when no man can work.”


Ecclesiastes 9:10 says “Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do

                   it with thy might; for there is no work, nor device,

                   nor knowledge, nor wisdom, in the grave, whither

                   thou goest”


May God help us to do what we can. 


David served his generation.  Acts 13:36