September 1, 2002

                                        II Samuel 24

                                      I Chronicles 21

                        (Revised November 22, 2008)


David at fault - thirst for war/pride in victories/ disregard

for other nations - also something amiss on the part of the

people lurking in their constitution - this “kindled the anger

of the Lord” in II Sam. 24:1.



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The pestilence sent by God, in the long run, was less

injurious to the people than they would have suffered

in their lust for war.






A census was lawful & even commanded at times in OT

but not this time - it was for war purposes, not religious

reasons - it was presumptuous because it seemed to

contradict the promise in Genesis 15:5 that the seed of

Abraham would be past numbering.


It was the fact of Israel being weak and almost powerless

to protect itself, that had made the people originally clamor for

a king.  Now the opposite dangers were developing and

the Israelites, dazzled by the glamour of victory, were

joining their king in a longing after extended empire.


The pestilence stopped them for the present in their

ambitious course; the disruption of the kingdom

under Rehoboam dispelled their dream for ever.


v. 2 - “number ye” - Joab questions - David prevails -

            David wanted an examination of the military

            resources of his kingdom.



I Chron. 21: 6 - “the king’s word was abominable

                            to Joab”


v. 3 – Joab was an unscrupulous & irreligious man, but

         he was clear headed - he saw where the king

         was drifting - noticing the degradation of his



Apparently David was thinking of the nation too much

as his own servants, instead of as the servants of God.

The Lord ever knoweth who are his, and knows

their names, their every sigh, tear & prayer.


Ps. 56:8 - “Thou tellest my wanderings:  put thou my

                   tears into thy bottle:  are they not in thy



v. 4 - “captains of the host” - David’s chief officers

            agreed with Joab - but David had his mind

            made up & would take no advice - Prov. 11:14

            says “in the multitude of counsellors there is



vs. 5-9 - Joab carries out David’s orders - takes

            nine months and twenty days - a very different

            state of things now than that described in

            I Sam. 13:19-22.


It is probable that the tribal princes and local officers

actually numbered the people, and that Joab, with a

powerful force, constrained them to obedience often

against their will.  It was possibly this danger of

resistance which made David entrust the business

to Joab, instead of employing the Levites.


v. 10 - “David’s heart smote him ..... I have done very

            foolishly” - convicted of vanity of mind which had

            created in him a wicked lust for martial glory

            and a thirst for bloodshed.


v. 17 - “I have done wickedly” - self-will & personal




v. 13 - Gad was sent to David and offered him 3 choices -

            famine, pestilence, sword - in Ezek. 14:21 are

            mentioned as 3 of God’s sore judgments,

            the other being noisome beasts.


Read Ezekiel 14         (For an in-depth study see this web

  site – Ezekiel 14 in lesson Ezekiel 12-17)


Ezek. 14:21,23 - "I send my four judgments....the sword, the

famine, and the noisome beast, and the pestilence...and ye

shall know that I have not done without cause  all that I have

done in it, saith the Lord God”


I Chron. 21:11 - “advise thyself”


v. 14 - David sinned against God and to God he

            humbly submitted himself.


“Let us fall now into the hands of Jehovah”


v. 15 - the pestilence did not continue for the time

            appointed but was mercifully stayed.


Apparently, it lasted only for a few hours but 70,000

men died - suddenly and throughout the land - proof

to every mind that this was a chastisement from God

for national sin.


No new cases occurred after the offering of David’s

burnt offerings - v. 25 - thus Jerusalem was saved!


v. 16 - “the Lord repented”


the angel” – in the next verse we are told that David

saw the angel, and more fully in I Chronicles 21:16,

that he beheld him “standing between the earth and

the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand.”


(testimony on WNKJ’s Prayer Day – Nov. 20, 2008

where a Clarksville, TN pastor from the Assembly of

God mentioned testimonies of troops in Iraq where

angels were involved in certain situations)





The National Media needs to beware lest they be a part

of “THE LIE” which will bring on the “anti-Christ.


Araunah’s threshing floor was on Mt. Moriah, the

place where Abraham sacrificed Isaac - also there

Jesus Christ died for the sins of the whole world –

my sins - your sins – all sin.


Note Ornah’s attitude in I Chron. 21:23 - “I give it all”


v. 17 – David says - “I have sinned, and I have done wickedly

but these sheep, what have they done?”


It is not a true repentance when the sinner looks for excuses, and

apportions the blame between himself and others.


v. 18 - Gad sent a second time.


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Materials are reproduced by permission."


This chapter is a second instance of national suffering on account

of public sin; the difference being that in ch. 21 the famine became

a fact before the occasion is revealed, while here the fact of sin is

first stated, and the human instrumentality of bringing on the

punishment is then set forth.