(The following texts highlighted in this color of blue is taken from

The Treasury of David by Charles Haddon Spurgeon)  "Excerpted text Copyright

AGES Library, LLC. All rights reserved.  Materials are reproduced by permission."


                                                            Psalm 132


Title. A Song of Degrees. A joyful song indeed: let all pilgrims to the New Jerusalem sing

it often. The degrees or ascents are very visible; the theme ascends step by step from,

"afflictions" to a "crown", from "remember David", to, "I will make the horn of David to bud."

The latter half is like the over arching sky bending above "the fields of the wood" which are

found in the resolves and prayers of the former portion.


Division. Our translators have rightly divided this Psalm. It contains a statement of

David's anxious care to build a house for the Lord (vs.1-7); a prayer at the removal of

the Ark (vs. 8-10); and a pleading of the divine covenant and its promises (vs.11-18).



1 Lord, remember David, and all his afflictions:”  With David the covenant was

made, and therefore his name is pleaded on behalf of his descendants, and the people

who would be blessed by his dynasty.  Jehovah, who changes not, will never forget

one of His servants, or fail to keep His covenant; yet for this thing He is to be entreated.

That which we are assured the Lord will do must, nevertheless, be made a matter of

prayer. The request is that the Lord would remember, and this is a word full of meaning.

We know that the Lord remembered Noah, and assuaged the flood; He remembered

Abraham, and sent Lot out of Sodom; He remembered Rachel, and Hannah, and gave them

children; He remembered His mercy to the house of Israel, and delivered His people. That is

a choice song wherein we sing, "He remembered us in our low estate:  for his mercy

 endureth for ever"; (ch. 136:3) and this is a notable prayer, "Lord remember me" –

(prayed by Hannah – I Samuel 1:11; by Nehemiah – Nehemiah 13:14,22,31; by

Job – Job 14:13; the Psalmist – Psalms – chps. 25:7; 106:4; by Jeremiah – Jeremiah 15:15;

and by the thief on the cross – Luke 23:42; and often by you and me! – CY – 2010)

The plea is urged with God that He would bless the family of David for the sake

of their progenitor; how much stronger is our master-argument in prayer that God

would deal well with us for Jesus' sake! David had no personal merit; the plea is based

upon the covenant graciously made With him: but Jesus has deserts which are His own,

and of boundless merits,  these we may urge without hesitation. When the Lord was angry

with the reigning prince, the people cried, "Lord remember David"; and when

they needed any special blessing, again they sang, "Lord, remember David." This was

good pleading, but it was not so good as ours, which runs on this wise, "Lord,

remember Jesus, and all His afflictions."  The afflictions of David here meant were

those which came upon him as a godly man his endeavors to maintain the worship of

Jehovah, and to provide for its decent and suitable celebration. There was always an

ungodly party in the nation, and these persons were never slow to slander, hinder, and

molest the servant of the Lord. Whatever were David's faults, he kept true to the one,

only, living, and true God; and for this he was a speckled bird among monarchs. Since

he zealously delighted in the worship of Jehovah, his God, he was despised and

ridiculed by those who could not understand his enthusiasm. God will never forget

what His people suffer for His sake. No doubt innumerable blessings descend upon families

and nations through the godly lives and patient sufferings of the saints. We cannot be saved

by the merits of others, but beyond all question we are benefited by their virtues.

Paul saith, "God is not unrighteous to forget your work and labor of love, which ye

have showed toward His name." (Hebrews 6:10)  Under the New Testament

dispensation, as well as under the Old, there is a full reward for the righteous. That

reward frequently comes upon their descendants rather than upon themselves: they

sow, and their successors reap. (This is certainly what has happened in the last 50 years

in the United States of America, but now we are starting to reap what we have sown

in a very negative and unblessed way – CY – 2010) 


2 How he swear unto the LORD, and vowed unto the mighty God of Jacob;” –

Moved by intense devotion, David expressed his resolve in the form of a solemn vow,

which was sealed with an oath. The fewer of such vows the better under a dispensation

whose great Representative has said, "swear not at all." (Matthew 5:34) - Perhaps even

in this case it had been wiser to have left the pious resolve in the hands of God in the form

of a prayer; for the vow was not actually fulfilled as intended, since the Lord forbade David

to build Him a temple. We had better not swear to do anything before we know the Lord's

mind about it, and then we shall not need to swear. The instance of David's vows shows

that vows are allowable, but it does not prove that they are desirable. Probably David

went too far in his words, and it is well that the Lord did not hold him to the letter of his

bond, but accepted the will for the deed, and the meaning of his promise instead of the

literal sense of it. David imitated Jacob, that great maker of vows at Bethel, and upon

him rested the blessing pronounced on Jacob by Isaac, "God Almighty

bless thee" (Genesis 28:3), which was remembered by the patriarch on his death bed,

when he spoke of "the mighty God of Jacob." (Genesis 49:24) -  God is mighty to hear

us, and to help us in performing our vow. We should be full of awe at the idea of

making any promise to the Mighty God: to dare to trifle with Him would be grievous

indeed. It is observable that affliction led both David and Jacob into covenant dealings

with the Lord: many vows are made in anguish of soul. We may also remark that,

if the votive obligations of David are to be remembered of the Lord, much more are the

surety-ship engagements of the Lord Jesus before the mind of the great Lord, to whom

our soul turns in the hour of our distress.  Note, upon this verse, that Jehovah was the

God of Jacob, the same God evermore; that He had this for His attribute, that He is

mighty— mighty to succor His Jacobs who put their trust in Him, though their

afflictions be many. He is, moreover, specially the Mighty One of His people; He is

the God of Jacob in a sense in which He is not the God of unbelievers. So here

we have three points concerning our God: —name, Jehovah; attribute, mighty;

special relationship, "mighty God of Jacob." He it is who is asked to remember

David and his trials, and there is a plea for that blessing in each one of  the three points.


3 Surely I will not come into the tabernacle of my house, nor go up into my bed;”

Our translators give the meaning, though not the literal form, of David's vow, which ran

thus, "If I go" —"If I go up", etc. This was an elliptical form of imprecation, implying

more than it expressed, and having therefore about it a mystery which made it all the

more solemn. David would not take his ease in his house, nor his rest in his bed, till he

had determined upon a place for the worship of Jehovah. The ark had been neglected,

the Tabernacle had fallen into disrespect; he would find the ark, and build for it a

suitable house; he felt that he could not take pleasure in his own palace till this was

done. David meant well, but he spake more than he could carry out. His language

was hyperbolical, and the Lord knew what he meant: zeal does not always measure

its terms, for it is not thoughtful of the criticisms of men, but is carried away with love

to the Lord, who reads the hearts of His people. (ch. 139:2)  David would not think

himself housed till he had built a house for the Lord, nor would he reckon himself

rested till he had said, "Arise, O Lord, into thy rest." (v. 8; II Chronicles 6:41) Alas,

we have many around us who will never carry their care for the Lord's worship too far! 

No fear of their being indiscreet? They are housed and bedded, and as for the Lord,

His people may meet in a barn, or never meet at all, it will be all the same to them.

Observe that Jacob in his vow spoke of the stone being God's house, (Genesis 28:17)

and David's vow also deals with a house for God.


4 I will not give sleep to mine eyes, or slumber to mine eyelids,” – He could not

enjoy sleep till he had done his best to provide a place for the ark. It is a strong expression,

and it is not to be coolly discussed by us. Remember that the man was all on fire, and he

was writing poetry also, and therefore his language is not that which we should employ in

cold blood.  Everybody can see what he means, and how intensely he means it. Oh,

that many more were seized with sleeplessness because the house of the Lord lies waste?

They can slumber fast enough, and not even disturb themselves with a dream, though the

cause of God should be brought to the lowest ebb by their covetousness. What is to

become of those who have no care about divine things, and never give a thought to the

claims of their God?


5 Until I find out a place for the LORD, an habitation for the mighty God of Jacob.”

He resolved to find a place where Jehovah would allow His worship to be celebrated, a

house where God would fix the symbol of His presence, and commune with His people.

At that time, in all David's land, there was no proper place for that ark whereon the Lord

had placed the mercy seat, where prayer could be offered, and where the manifested

glory shone forth. All things had fallen into decay, and the outward forms of public worship

were too much disregarded; hence the King resolves to be first and foremost in establishing

a better order of things.  Yet one cannot help remembering that the holy resolve of David

gave to a place and a house much more importance than the Lord Himself ever attached

to such matters. This is indicated in Nathan's message from the Lord to the king—"Go and

tell my servant David, Thus saith the Lord, Shalt thou build me an house for me to

 dwell in? Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the

children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a

 tabernacle. In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel

 spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my

people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar?" (II Samuel

7: 5-7) Stephen in his inspired speech puts the matter plainly: "Solomon built him

an house.  Howbeit the Most High dwelleth not in temples made with hands."

(Acts 7:47-48) It is a striking fact that true religion never flourished more in Israel

than before the temple was built, and that from the day of the erection of that

magnificent house the spirit of godliness declined. Good men may have on

their hearts matters which seem to them of chief importance, and it may be

acceptable with God that they should seek to carry them out; and yet in His

infinite wisdom He may judge it best to prevent their executing their designs.

God does not measure His people's actions by their wisdom, or

want of wisdom, but by the sincere desire for His glory which has led up to them.

David's resolution, though he was not allowed to fulfill it, brought a blessing upon

him: the Lord promised to build the house of David, because he had desired to build

the house of the Lord. Moreover, the King was allowed to prepare the treasure for

the erection of the glorious edifice which was built by his son and successor. The Lord

shows the acceptance of what we desire to do by permitting us to do something else

which His infinite mind judges to be fitter for us, and more honorable to Himself.


6 Meanwhile, where was the habitation of God among men? He was wont to shine

forth from between the cherubim, but where was the ark? It was like a hidden thing,

a stranger in its own land.  “Lo, we heard of it at Ephratah:” - Rumors came that it

was somewhere in the land of Ephraim, in a temporary lodging; rather an object of

dread than of delight. Is it not wonderful that so renowned a symbol of the presence

of the Lord should be lingering in neglect— a neglect so great that it was remarkable

that we should have heard of its whereabouts at all? When a man begins to think upon

God and His service it is comforting that the gospel is heard of. Considering the opposition

which it has encountered it is marvelous that it should be heard of, and

heard of in a place remote from the central city; but yet we are sorrowful that it is only

in connection with some poor despised place that we do hear of it. What is Ephratah?

Who at this time knows where it was? How could the ark have remained there so long?

David instituted a search for the ark. It had to be hunted for high and low; and at last at

Kirjathjearim, the forest city, he came upon it. How often do souls find Christ and His

salvation in out of the way places! What matters where we meet with Him so long as

we do behold Him, and final life in Him?  That is a blessed Eureka which is embedded

in our text—"we found it."  The matter began with hearing, led on to a search, and

concluded in a joyful find. "We found it in the fields of the wood." Alas that there

should be no room for the Lord in the palaces of kings, so that He must needs take

to the woods. If Christ be in a wood He will yet be found of those who seek for Him.

He is as near in the rustic home, embowered among the trees, as in the open streets of

the city; yea, He will answer prayer offered from the heart of the black forest where the

lone traveler seems out of all hope of hearing. The text presents us with an instance of

one whose heart was set upon finding the place where God would meet with him; this

made him quick of hearing, and so the cheering news soon reached him. The tidings

renewed his ardor, and led him to stick at no difficulties in his search; and so it came

to pass that, where he could hardly have expected it, he lighted upon the treasure

which he so much prized.


7 We will go into His tabernacles” - Having found the place where He dwells we

will hasten thereto. He has many dwellings in one in the various courts of His house, and

each of these shall receive the reverence due: in each the priest shall offer for us the

appointed service; and our hearts shall go where our bodies may not enter. David is not

alone, he is represented as having sought for the ark with others, for so the word "we"

implies; and now they are glad to attend him in his pilgrimage to the chosen shrine,

saying, "We found it, we will go." Because these are the Lord's courts we will resort to them.

“We will worship at his footstool.” The best ordered earthly house can be no more than

the footstool of so great a King. His ark can only reveal the glories of His feet, according to

His promise that He will make the place of His feet glorious: (Isaiah 60:13) yet thither will

we hasten with joy, in glad companionship, and there will we adorn Him. Where Jehovah is,

there shall He be worshipped. It is well not only to go to the Lord's house, but to worship

 there: we do but profane His tabernacles if we enter them for any other purpose.  Before

leaving this verse let us note the ascent of this Psalm of degrees— "We heard...we found...

we will go...we will worship."


8 In vs. 8-10 we see the finders of the ark removing it to its appointed place, using a

formula somewhat like to that used by Moses when he said, "Rise up, Lord", and again,

"Return, O Lord, unto the many thousands of Israel." (Numbers 10:35-36)  The ark

had been long upon the move, and no fit place had been found for it in Canaan, but now

devout men have prepared a temple, and they sing, “Arise, O Lord, into thy rest; thou,

and the ark of thy strength.” They hoped that now the covenant symbol had found a

permanent abode—a rest, and they trusted that Jehovah would now abide with it for ever.

Vain would it be for the ark to be settled if the Lord did not continue with it, and perpetually

shine forth from between the cherubim. Unless the Lord shall rest with us there is no rest for

us; unless the ark of His strength abide with us we are ourselves without strength. The ark

of the covenant is here mentioned by a name which it well deserved; for in its captivity it

smote its captors, and broke their gods, and when it was brought back it guarded its own

honor by the death of those who dared to treat it with disrespect. (II Samuel 6:1-11) –

The power of God was thus connected with the sacred chest. Reverently, therefore,

did Solomon pray concerning it as he besought the living God to consecrate the temple

by His presence.  It is the Lord and the covenant, or rather say the covenant Jehovah

whose presence we desire in our assemblies, and this presence is the strength of His

people. Oh that the Lord would indeed abide in all the churches, and cause His power

to be revealed in Zion


9 Let thy priests be clothed with righteousness;”  No garment is so resplendent as

that of a holy character. In this glorious robe our great High priest is evermore arrayed,

and He would have all His people adorned in the same manner. Then only are

priests fit to appear before the Lord, and to minister for the profit of the people, when

their lives are dignified with goodness. They must ever remember that they are God's

priests, and should therefore wear the livery of their Lord, which is holiness: they are

not only to have righteousness, but to be clothed with it, so that upon every part of them

righteousness shall be conspicuous. Whoever looks upon God's servants should see

holiness if they see nothing else. Now, this righteousness of the ministers of the temple

is prayed for in connection with the presence of the Lord; and this instructs us that

holiness is only to be found among those who commune with God, and only

comes to them through His visitation of their spirits. God will dwell among a holy

people; and on the other hand, where God is the people become holy - “and let thy

saints shout for joy.”  Holiness and happiness go together; where the one is found, the

other ought never to be far away. Holy persons have a right to great and demonstrative

joy: they may shout because of it. Since they are saints, and thy saints, and thou hast

come to dwell with them, O Lord, thou hast made it their duty to rejoice, and to let

others know of their joy. The sentence, while it may read as a permit, is also a precept:

saints are commanded to rejoice in the Lord. Happy religion which makes it a duty to

be glad! Where righteousness is the clothing, joy may well be the occupation.


10 For thy servant David’s sake turn not away the face of thine anointed.” 

King Solomon was praying, and here the people pray for him that his face may not

be turned away, or that he may not be refused an audience. It is a dreadful thing to

have our face turned away from God, or to have His face turned away from us.

If we are anointed of the Spirit the Lord will look upon us with favor. Specially is this true

of Him who represents us, and is on our behalf the Christ —the truly anointed of the Lord.

Jesus is both our David and God's anointed; in Him is found in fullness that which David

received in measure. For His sake all those who are anointed in Him are accepted. God

blessed Solomon and succeeding kings, for David's sake; and He will bless us for

Jesus' sake. How condescending was the Son of the Highest to take upon Himself the

form of a servant, to be anointed for us, and to go in before the mercy-seat to plead on our

behalf! The Psalm sings of the ark, and it may well remind us of the going in of the anointed

priest within the veil: all depended upon his acceptance, and therefore well do the people

pray, "Turn not away the face of thine anointed."  Thus, in these three verses, we have

a prayer for the temple, the ark, the priests, the Levites, the people, and the king: in each

petition there is a fullness of meaning well worthy of careful thought. We cannot plead too

much in detail; the fault of most prayers is their indefiniteness. In God's house and worship

everything needs a blessing, and every person connected therewith needs it continually.

As David vowed and prayed when he was minded to house the ark, so now the prayer

is continued when the temple is consecrated, and the Lord deigns to

fill it with His glory.  We shall never have done praying till we have done needing.


11 Here we come to a grand covenant pleading of the kind which is always prevalent

with the Lord. “The LORD hath sworn in truth unto, David.” We cannot urge

anything with God which is equal to His own word and oath. Jehovah swears that

our faith may have strong confidence in it:  He cannot forswear Himself. He swears in

truth, for He means every word that He utters; men may be perjured, but none will be

so profane as to imagine this of the God of truth. By Nathan this covenant of Jehovah

was conveyed to David, and there was no delusion in it. “He will not turn from it.”

Jehovah is not a changeable being. He never turns from His purpose, much less from

His promise solemnly ratified by oath. He turneth never. He is not a man that He

should lie, nor the son of man that he should repent. (Numbers 23:19)  What a rock

they stand upon who have an immutable oath of God for their foundation! We know

that this covenant was really made with Christ, the spiritual seed of David, for Peter

quotes it at Pentecost, saying, "Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the

patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulcher is with us unto

this day. Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath

to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, He would raise up Christ

to sit on his throne; He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ."  (Acts

2:29-31)  Christ therefore sits on a sure throne for ever and ever, seeing that He has

kept the covenant, and through Him the blessing comes upon Zion, whose poor are blessed

in Him. “Of the fruit of thy body will I set upon thy throne.”  Jesus sprang from the race

of David, as the evangelists are careful to record; He was "of the house

and lineage of David": (Luke 2:4) - at this day He is the King of the Jews, and the

Lord has also given Him the heathen for His inheritance. (ch. 2:8)  He must reign, and

of His kingdom there shall be no end. (Isaiah 9:7)  God Himself has set Him on the

throne, and no rebellion of men or devils can shake His dominion. The honor of

Jehovah is concerned in His reign, and therefore it is never in danger; for the Lord will

not suffer His oath to be dishonored.


12 If thy children will keep my covenant and my testimony that I shall teach them,”

There is a condition to the covenant so far as it concerned kings of David's line before

the coming of the true Seed; but he has fulfilled that condition, and made the covenant

indefeasible henceforth and for ever as to himself and the spiritual seed in him. Considered

as it related to temporal things it was no small blessing for David's dynasty

to be secured the throne upon good behavior. These monarchs held their crowns from

God upon the terms of loyalty to their superior Sovereign, the Lord who had elevated them

to their high position. They were to be faithful to the covenant by obedience to the divine

law, and by belief of divine truth, they were to accept Jehovah as their Lord and their

Teacher, regarding Him in both relations as in covenant with them. What a

condescension on God's part to be their teacher! How gladly ought they to render intelligent

obedience! What a proper, righteous, and needful stipulation for God to

make that they should be true to Him when the reward was the promise, “their

children shall also sit upon thy throne for evermore If they will sit at His feet

God will make them sit on a throne; if they will keep the covenant they shall keep

the crown from generation to generation. The kingdom of Judah might have stood to

this day had its kings been faithful to the Lord. No internal revolt or external attack

could have overthrown the royal house of David: it fell by its own sin, and by nothing

else. The Lord was continually provoked, but He was amazingly long suffering, for

long after seceding Israel had gone into captivity, Judah still remained. Miracles of

mercy were shown to her. Divine patience exceeded all limits, for the Lord's regard for

David was exceeding great. The princes of David's house seemed set on ruining

 themselves, and nothing could save them; justice waited long, but it was bound at last

to unsheathe the sword and strike. Still, if in the letter man's breach of promise caused

the covenant to fail, yet in spirit and essence the Lord has been true to it, for Jesus

reigns, and holds the throne for ever. David's seed is still royal, for he was the

progenitor according to the flesh of Him who is King of kings and Lord of lords.

This verse shows us the need of family piety. Parents must see to it that their children

know the fear of the Lord, and they must beg the Lord Himself to teach them His truth.

We have no hereditary right to the divine favor: the Lord keeps up His friendship to

families from generation to generation, for He is loath to leave the descendants of

His servants, and never does so except under grievous and long continued

 provocation. As believers, we are all in a measure under some such covenant as that

of David: certain of us can look backward for four generations of saintly ancestors, and

we are now glad to look forward and to see our children, and our children's children,

walking in the truth. Yet we know that grace does not run in the blood, and we are

filled with holy fear lest in any of our seed “there should be an evil heart of

unbelief in departing from the living God.”  (Hebrews 3:12)


13 For the LORD hath chosen Zion”  It was no more than any other Canaanite town

till God chose it, David captured it, Solomon built it, and the Lord dwelt in it. So was

the church a mere Jebusite stronghold till grace chose it, conquered it, rebuilt it, and

dwelt in it. Jehovah has chosen His people, and hence they are His people. He has

chosen the church, and hence it is what it is. Thus in the covenant David and Zion,

Christ and His people, go together. David is for Zion, and Zion for David: the interests

of Christ and His people are mutual.  “He hath desired it for His habitation.”  David's

question is answered. The Lord has spoken: the site of the temple is fixed: the place of

the divine manifestation is determined. Indwelling follows upon election, and arises

out of it: Zion is chosen, chosen for a habitation of God. The desire of God to dwell

among the people whom He has chosen for Himself is very gracious and yet very

natural: His love will not rest apart from those upon whom He has placed it. God

desires to abide with those whom He has loved with an everlasting love; and we do

not wonder that it should be so, for we also desire the company of our beloved ones.

It is a double marvel, that the Lord should choose and desire such poor creatures as

we are: the indwelling of the Holy Ghost in believers is a wonder of grace

parallel to the incarnation of the Son of God. God in the church is the wonder

of heaven, the miracle of eternity, the glory of infinite love.


14 This is my rest for ever:” Oh, glorious words! It is God Himself who here speaks.

Think of rest for God! A Sabbath for the Eternal and a place of abiding for the Infinite.

He calls Zion my rest. Here His love remains and displays itself with delight. "He shall

rest in his love." (Zephaniah 3:17) And this forever. He will not seek another place

of repose, nor grow weary of His saints. In Christ the heart of Deity is filled with content,

and for His sake He is satisfied with His people, and will be so world without end.

These august words declare a distinctive choice—this and no other; a certain choice—

this which is well known to me; a present choice —this which is here at this moment.

God has made His election of old, He has not changed it, and He never will repent of it:

His church was His rest and is His rest still. As He will not turn from His oath, so He

will never turn from His choice. Oh, that we may enter into His rest, may be part and

parcel of his church, and yield by our loving faith a delight to the mind of Him who

“taketh pleasure in them that fear Him, in them that hope in His mercy.”  (ch. 147:11)

“here will I dwell; for I have desired it.”  Again are we filled with wonder that He

who fills all things should dwell in Zion—should dwell in His church. God does not

unwillingly visit His chosen; He desires to dwell with them; He desires them. He is

already in Zion, for He says here, as one upon the spot. Not only will He occasionally

come to His church, but He will dwell in it, as His fixed abode. He cared not for the

magnificence of Solomon's temple, but He determined that at the mercy seat He would

be found by suppliants, and that thence He would shine forth in brightness of grace

among the favored nation. All this, however, was but a type of the spiritual house,

of which Jesus is foundation and cornerstone, upon which all the living stones are

builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit. (Ephesians 2:22) - Oh,

the sweetness of the thought that God desires to dwell in His people and rest among

them! Surely if it be His desire He will cause it to be so. If the desire of the righteous

shall be granted much more shall the desire of the righteous God be accomplished.

This is the joy of our souls, for surely we shall rest in God, and certainly our desire is

to dwell in Him. This also is the end of our fears for the church of God; for if the Lord

dwell in her, she shall not be moved; if the Lord desire her, the devil cannot destroy her.


15 I will abundantly bless her provision:”  It must be so. How can we be without a

blessing when the Lord is among us? We live upon His word, we are clothed by His

charity, we are armed by His power: all sorts of provision are in Him, and how can they

be otherwise than blessed? The provision is to be abundantly blessed; then it will be

abundant and blessed.  Daily provision, royal provision, satisfying provision, overflowingly

joyful provision the church shall receive; and the divine benediction shall cause us to

receive it with faith, to feed upon it by experience, to grow upon it by sanctification, to be

strengthened by it to labor, cheered by it to patience, and built up by it to perfection.

“I will satisfy her poor with bread.” The citizens of Zion are poor in themselves,

poor in spirit, and often poor in pocket, but their hearts and souls shall dwell in such

abundance that they shall neither need more nor desire more. Satisfaction

is the crown of experience. Where God rests His people shall be satisfied. They

are to be satisfied with what the Lord Himself calls "bread", and we may be sure that

He knows what is really bread for souls. He will not give us a stone. The Lord's poor

shall "have food convenient for them": that which will suit their palate, remove their hunger,

fill their desire, build up their frame, and perfect their growth. The bread of earth is

"the bread that perisheth", (John 6:27) but the bread of God endureth to life eternal.

In the church where God rests His people shall not starve; the Lord would never rest if they

did. He did not take rest for six days till He had prepared the world for the first man to live in;

He would not stay His hand till all things were ready; therefore, we may be sure if the Lord

rests it is because "it is finished", and the Lord hath prepared of His goodness for the poor.

Where God finds His desire His people shall find theirs; if He is satisfied, they shall be.


16 More is promised than was prayed for. See how the v, 9 asks for the priests to be

clad in righteousness, and the answer is, “I will also clothe her priests with salvation:”

God is wont to do exceeding abundantly, above all that we ask or even think. (Ephesians

3:20)  Righteousness is but one feature of blessing, salvation is the whole of it. What cloth

of gold is this! What more than regal array! Garments of salvation! we know who has

woven them, who has dyed them, and who has given them to His people. These are the

best robes for priests and preachers, for princes and people; there is none like them;

 give them me. Not every priest shall be thus clothed, but only her priests, those who

truly belong to Zion by faith which is in Christ Jesus who hath made them priests

unto God. These, are clothed by the Lord Himself, and none can clothe as He does.

If even the grass of the field is so clothed by the Creator as to out do Solomon in all his

glory, (Matthew 6:29) how must His own children be clad? Truly He shall be admired in

His saints; (II Thessalonians 1:10) the liveries [distinct clothing] of His servants shall

be the wonder of heaven. - “and her saints shall shout aloud for joy.” Again we have

a golden answer to a silver prayer. The Psalmist would have the "saints shout for joy."

"That they shall do", saith the Lord, "and aloud too"; they shall be exceedingly full of delight;

their songs and shouts shall be so hearty that they shall sound as the noise of many waters,

and as great thunders. (Revelation 14:2; 19:6) These joyful ones are not, however, the mimic

saints of superstition, but her saints, saints of the Most High, "sanctified in Christ Jesus."

These shall be so abundantly blessed and so satisfied, and so apparelled that they can

do no otherwise than shout to show their astonishment, their triumph, their gratitude,

 their exultation, their enthusiasm, their joy in the Lord.! Zion has no dumb saints.

The sight of God at rest among His chosen is enough to make the most silent shout. If the

morning stars sang together when the earth and heavens were made, much more will all

the sons of God shout for joy when the new heavens and the new earth are finished,

and the New Jerusalem comes down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride

for her husband. (Isaiah 65:18; II Peter 3:13; Revelation 21:2)  Meanwhile, even now

the dwelling of the Lord among us is a perennial fountain of sparkling delight to all holy

minds. This shouting for joy is guaranteed to Zion's holy ones: God says they shall

shout aloud, and depend upon it they will: who shall stop them of this glorying? The

Lord hath said by His Spirit, "let them shout aloud": who is he that shall make them

hold their peace? The Bridegroom is with them, and shall the children of the bride

chamber fast?: Nay, verily, we rejoice, yea and will rejoice.


17 There will I make the horn of David to bud:”  In Zion David's dynasty shall

develop power and glory. In our notes from other authors we have included a

description of the growth of the horns of stags, which is the natural fact from which

we conceive the expression in the text to be borrowed. As the stag is made noble and

strong by the development of his horns, so the house of David shall advance from

strength to strength. This was to be by the work of the Lord—"there will I make",

and therefore it would be sure and solid growth. When God makes us to bud none can

cause us to fade. When David's descendants left the Lord and the worship of His

house, they DECLINED in all respects, for it was only through the Lord, and in

connection with His worship that their horn would bud.  “I have ordained a lamp

for mine anointed.”  David's name was to be illustrious, and brilliant as a lamp;

(to this day the Star of David is an insignia on their war planes – CY – 2010) it was

to continue shining like a lamp in the sanctuary; it was thus to be a comfort to the

people, and an enlightenment to the nations. God would not suffer the light of David

to go out by the extinction of his race: His holy ordinances had decreed that the

house of His servant should remain in the midst of Israel. What a lamp is our Lord Jesus!

“A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of his people Israel”. (Luke 2:32) As the

anointed— the true Christ, HE SHALL BE THE LIGHT OF HEAVEN ITSELF! 

Oh for grace to receive our illumination and our consolation from Jesus Christ alone!


18 His enemies will I clothe with shame:” They shall be utterly defeated, they shall

loathe their evil design, they shall be despised for having hated the Ever Blessed One.

Their shame they will be unable to hide, it shall cover them: God will array them in it

for ever, and it shall be their CONVICT DRESS TO ALL ETERNITY”   “But upon

Himself shall His crown flourish.” Green shall be His laurels of victory. He shall win

and wear the crown of honor, and His inherited diadem shall increase in splendor. Is it

not so to this hour with Jesus? His kingdom cannot fail, His imperial glories cannot fade.

It is Himself that we delight to honor; it is to Himself that the honor comes, and upon

Himself that it flourishes. If others snatch at His crown their traitorous aims are defeated;

but He in His own person reigns with ever growing splendor.


                                    "Crown him, crown him,

                                    Crowns become the victor's brow."





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